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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Sea

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A — 1: θάλασσα

(Strong's #2281 — Noun Feminine — thalassa — thal'-as-sah )

is used (a) chiefly literally, e.g., "the Red Sea," Acts 7:36; 1 Corinthians 10:1; Hebrews 11:29; the "sea" of Galilee or Tiberias, Matthew 4:18; 15:29; Mark 6:48,49 , where the acts of Christ testified to His Deity; John 6:1; 21:1; in general, e.g., Luke 17:2; Acts 4:24; Romans 9:27; Revelation 16:3; 18:17; 20:8,13; 21:1; in combination with No. 2, Matthew 18:6; (b) metaphorically, of "the ungodly men" described in Jude 1:13 (cp. Isaiah 57:20 ); (c) symbolically, in the apocalyptic vision of "a glassy sea like unto crystal," Revelation 4:6 , emblematic of the fixed purity and holiness of all that appertains to the authority and judicial dealings of God; in Revelation 15:2 , the same, "mingled with fire," and, standing by it (RV) or on it (AV and RV marg.), those who had "come victorious from the beast" (ch. 13); of the wild and restless condition of nations, Revelation 13:1 (see Revelation 17:1,15 ), where "he stood" (RV) refers to the dragon, not John (AV); from the midst of this state arises the beast, symbolic of the final gentile power dominating the federated nations of the Roman world (see Dan., chs. 2; 7; etc.).

Note: For the change from "the sea" in Deuteronomy 30:13 , to "the abyss" in Romans 10:7 , see BOTTOM , B.

A — 2: πέλαγος

(Strong's #3989 — Noun Neuter — pelagos — pel'-ag-os )

"the deep sea, the deep," is translated "the depth" in Matthew 18:6 , and is used of the "Sea of Cilicia" in Acts 27:5 . See DEPTH , No. 2. Pelagos signifies "the vast expanse of open water," thalassa, "the sea as contrasted with the land" (Trench, Syn., xiii).

B — 1: ἐνάλιος

(Strong's #1724 — Adjective — enalios — en-al'-ee-os )

"in the sea," lit., "of, or belonging to, the salt water" (from hals, "salt"), occurs in James 3:7 .

B — 2: παράλιος

(Strong's #3882 — Adjective — paralios — par-al'-ee-os )

"by the sea," Luke 6:17 : see COAST.

B — 3: παραθαλάσσιος

(Strong's #3864 — Adjective — parathalassios — par-ath-al-as'-see-os )

"by the sea," Matthew 4:13 , see COAST , Note 2.

B — 4: διθάλασσος

(Strong's #1337 — Adjective — dithalassos — dee-thal'-as-sos )

primarily signifies "divided into two seas" (dis, "twice," and thalassa); then, "dividing the sea," as of a reef or rocky projection running out into the "sea," Acts 27:41 .

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These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Sea'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/s/sea.html. 1940.

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