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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Testify

1: μαρτυρέω
(Strong's #3140 — Verb — martureo — mar-too-reh'-o )

for which see WITNESS , is frequently rendered "to bear witness, to witness," in the RV, where AV renders it "to testify," John 2:25; 3:11,32; 5:39; 15:26; 21:24; 1 Corinthians 15:15; Hebrews 7:17; 11:4; 1 John 4:14; 5:9; 3 John 1:3 . In the following, however, the RV, like the AV, has the rendering "to testify," John 4:39,44; 7:7; 13:21; Acts 26:5; Revelation 22:16,18,20 .

2: ἐπιμαρτυρέω
(Strong's #1957 — Verb — epimartureo — ep-ee-mar-too-reh'-o )

"to bear witness to" (a strengthened form of No. 1), is rendered "testifying" in 1 Peter 5:12 .

3: μαρτύρομαι
(Strong's #3143 — Verb — marturomai — mar-too'-rom-ahee )

primarily, "to summon as witness," then, "to bear witness" (sometimes with the suggestion of solemn protestation), is rendered "to testify" in Acts 20:26 , RV (AV, "I take ... to record"); Galatians 5:3; Ephesians 4:17; 1 Thessalonians 2:11 , in the best texts (some have No. 1), RV, "testifying" (AV, "charged").

4: διαμαρτύρομαι
(Strong's #1263 — Verb — diamarturomai — dee-am-ar-too'-rom-ahee )

"to testify or protest solemnly," an intensive form of No. 3, is translated "to testify" in Luke 16:28; Acts 2:40; 8:25; 10:42; 18:5; 20:21,23,24; 23:11; 28:23; 1 Thessalonians 4:6; Hebrews 2:6; "to charge" in 1 Timothy 5:21; 2 Timothy 2:14; 4:1 .

5: προμαρτύρομαι
(Strong's #4303 — Verb — promarturomai — prom-ar-too'-rom-ahee )

"to testify beforehand," occurs in 1 Peter 1:11 , where the pronoun "it" should be "He" (the "it" being due to the grammatically neuter form of pneuma; the personality of the Holy Spirit requires the masculine pronoun).

Note: In Revelation 22:18 some texts have summartureo, "to bear witness with." See WITNESS.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Testify'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/t/testify.html. 1940.

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