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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words
from dekatos, "tenth," in the Active Voice denotes "to take tithes of," Hebrews 7:6 , RV, "hath taken (AV, received) tithes;" in the Passive, "to pay tithes," Hebrews 7:9 , RV, "hath paid (AV, 'payed') tithes." In the Sept., Nehemiah 10:37 .
denotes (a) "to tithe" (apo, "from," dekatos, "tenth"), Matthew 23:23 (AV, "pay tithe of"); Luke 11:42; in Luke 18:12 (where the best texts have the alternative form apodekateuo), "I give tithes;" (b) "to exact tithes" from Hebrews 7:5 .
"to give tithes," in Luke 18:12 (some texts have No. 2).Note: Hebrews 7:4-9 shows the superiority of the Melchizedek priesthood to the Levitical, in that (1) Abraham, the ancestor of the Levites, paid "tithes" to Melchizedek ( Genesis 14:20 ); (2) Melchizedek, whose genealogy is outside that of the Levites, took "tithes" of Abraham, the recipient himself of the Divine promises; (3) whereas death is the natural lot of those who receive "tithes," the death of Melchizedek is not recorded; (4) the Levites who received "tithes" virtually paid them through Abraham to Melchizedek.
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Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Tithe'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/t/tithe.html. 1940.