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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words
lit. and primarily, "one who stands beside," then, "one who oversteps the prescribed limit, a transgressor" (akin to parabaino, "to transgress," see above); so Romans 2:25 , RV (AV, "a breaker"); 2:27, RV , "a transgressor" (AV, "dost transgress"); Galatians 2:18; James 2:9,11 .Note: Hamartolos, "a sinner, one who misses the mark," is applicable to all men without distinction; parabates stresses the positive side of sin, and is applicable to those who received the Law.
"without law" (a, negative), is translated "transgressors" in Luke 22:37 (in some texts, Mark 15:28 ), in a quotation from Isaiah 53:12 . See LAW , C, No. 3, LAWLESS, A.
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Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Transgressor'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/t/transgressor.html. 1940.