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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Transgress, Transgression

A — 1: παραβαίνω

(Strong's #3845 — Verb — parabaino — par-ab-ah'ee-no )

lit., "to go aside" (para), hence "to go beyond," is chiefly used metaphorically of "transgressing" the tradition of the elders, Matthew 15:2; the commandment of God, Matthew 15:3; in Acts 1:25 , of Judas, AV, "by transgression fell" (RV, "fell away"); in 2 John 1:9 some texts have this verb (AV, "transgresseth"), the best have proago (see GO , No. 10).

A — 2: ὑπερβαίνω

(Strong's #5233 — Verb — huperbaino — hoop-er-bah'ee-no )

lit., "to go over" (huper), used metaphorically and rendered "transgress" in 1 Thessalonians 4:6 (AV, "go beyond"), i.e., of "overstepping" the limits separating chastity from licentiousness, sanctification from sin.

A — 3: παρέρχομαι

(Strong's #3928 — Verb — parerchomai — par-er'-khom-ahee )

"to come by" (para, "by," erchomai, "to come"), "pass over," and hence, metaphorically, "to transgress," is so used in Luke 15:29 . See COME , No. 9, PASS.

B — 1: παράβασις

(Strong's #3847 — Noun Feminine — parabasis — par-ab'-as-is )

akin to A, No. 1, primarily "a going aside," then, "an overstepping," is used metaphorically to denote "transgression" (always of a breach of law): (a) of Adam, Romans 5:14; (b) of Eve, 1 Timothy 2:14; (c) negatively, where there is no law, since "transgression" implies the violation of law, none having been enacted between Adam's "transgression" and those under the Law, Romans 4:15; (d) of "transgressions" of the Law, Galatians 3:19 , where the statement "it was added because of transgressions" is best understood according to Romans 4:15; 5:13; 5:20; the Law does not make men sinners, but makes them "transgressors;" hence sin becomes "exceeding sinful," Romans 7:7,13 . Conscience thus had a standard external to itself; by the Law men are taught their inability to yield complete obedience to God, that thereby they may become convinced of their need of a Savior; in Romans 2:23 , RV, "transgression (of the Law)," AV, "breaking (the Law);" Hebrews 2:2; 9:15 .

B — 2: παρανομία

(Strong's #3892 — Noun Feminine — paranomia — par-an-om-ee'-ah )

"lawbreaking" (para, "contrary to, nomos, "law"), is rendered "transgression" in 2 Peter 2:16 , RV (AV, "iniquity").

Note: In 1 John 3:4 (1st part), AV, poieo, "to do," with anomia, "lawlessness," is rendered "transgresseth ... the law" (RV, "doeth ... lawlessness"); in the 2nd part anomia alone is rendered "transgression of the law," AV (RV, "lawlessness").

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Transgress, Transgression'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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