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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Early

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A — 1: ὄρθρος
(Strong's #3722 — Noun Masculine — othros — or'-thros )

denotes "daybreak, dawn" (cp. Lat. orior, "to rise"). Used with the adverb batheos, "deeply," in Luke 24:1 , it means "at early dawn" (RV). In John 8:2 it is used in the genitive case, orthrou, "at dawn," i.e., "early in the morning." In Acts 5:21 , it is used with the article and preceded by the preposition hupo, "under, or about," lit., "about the dawn," "about daybreak," RV (for AV, "early in the morning.").

B — 1: ὀρθρινός
(Strong's #3720 — Adjective — orthrinos — or-thrin-os' )

"early," akin to A., is a later form of orthrios. It is found, in the most authentic mss., in Luke 24:22 , of the women at the sepulchre, lit., "early ones" (some texts have the form orthrios, "at daybreak").

B — 2: πρώϊμος
(Strong's #4406 — Adjective — proimos — pro'-ee-mos )

or proimos, a longer and later form of prois, pertaining to the "morning," is formed from pro, "before" (cp. protos, "first"), and used in James 5:7 , of the early rain.

C — 1: πρωΐ
(Strong's #4404 — Adverb — proi — pro-ee' )

"early in the day, at morn," is derived from pro, "before" (see B, No. 2, above). In Mark 16:2 , AV, it is translated "early in the morning;" in Mark 16:9 ; John 18:28 ; 20:1 , "early;" in Matthew 16:3 ; 20:1 ; 21:18 ; Mark 1:35 ; 11:20 ; 13:35 ; 15:1 , "in the morning;" in Acts 28:23 , "(from) morning." See MORNING.

Note: In Matthew 20:1 , hama, "at once," is redered "early."


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Early'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/e/early.html. 1940.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, June 3rd, 2020
the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
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