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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Reproach, Reproachfully

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A — 1: ὀνειδισμός
(Strong's #3680 — Noun Masculine — oneidismos — on-i-dis-mos' )

"a reproach, defamation," is used in Romans 15:3 ; 1 Timothy 3:7 ; Hebrews 10:33 ; 11:26 ; 13:13 .

A — 2: ὄνειδος
(Strong's #3681 — Noun Neuter — oneidos — on'-i-dos )

akin to No. 1, is used in Luke 1:25 in the concrete sense of "a matter of reproach, a disgrace." To have no children was, in the Jewish mind, more than a misfortune, it might carry the implication that this was a Divine punishment for some secret sin. Cp. Genesis 30:1 ; 1 Samuel 1:6-10 .

A — 3: ἀτιμία
(Strong's #819 — Noun Feminine — atimia — at-ee-mee'-ah )

"dishonor," is translated "reproach" in 2 Corinthians 11:21 , AV (RV, "disparagement"). See DISHONOR , SHAME , VILE.

Note: In 2 Corinthians 12:10 , AV, hubris, "insolence, injury," is translated "reproaches" (RV, "injuries"). See HARM.

B — 1: ὀνειδίζω
(Strong's #3679 — Verb — oneidizo — on-i-did'-zo )

akin to A, Nos. 1 and 2, signifies (a), in the Active Voice, "to reproach, upbraid," Matthew 5:11 , RV, "shall reproach" (AV, "shall revile"); Matthew 11:20 , "to upbraid;" Matthew 27:44 , RV, "cast ... reproach" [AV, "cast ... in (His) teeth"]; Mark 15:32 RV, "reproached" (AV, "reviled"); Mark 16:14 "upbraided;" Luke 6:22 "shall reproach;" Romans 15:3 ; James 1:5 , "upbraideth;" (b) in the Passive Voice, "to suffer reproach, be reproached," 1 Timothy 4:10 (in some mss. in the 2nd part); 1 Peter 4:14 .

B — 2: ὑβρίζω
(Strong's #5195 — Verb — hubrizo — hoo-brid'-zo )

akin to hubris (see A, Note), used transitively, denotes "to outrage, insult, treat insolently;" it is translated "Thou reproachest" in Luke 11:45 . The word is much stronger than "to reproach;" the significance is "Thou insultest (even us)," i.e., who are superior to ordinary Pharisees. The lawyer's imputation was unjust; Christ's rebuke was not hubris, "insult." What He actually said was by way of "reproach" (oneidizo). See DESPITEFULLY.

Notes: (1) For anepileptos, "without reproach," RV, in 1 Timothy 3:2 ; 5:7 ; 6:14 , see BLAMELESS , B No. 5. (2) In 1 Timothy 5:14 , AV, loidoria, "reviling" (RV), used in the genitive case with charin, "in respect of," "for," is translated "reproachfully" (RV, "for reviling"). Cp. loidoreo, "to revile." See RAILING.


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Reproach, Reproachfully'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/r/reproach-reproachfully.html. 1940.

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Friday, January 24th, 2020
the Second Week after Epiphany
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