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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Hadad-Rimmon

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(Heb. Hadad'-Rimmon', רַמּוֹן הֲדִד the names of two Syrian idols; Sept. κοπετάς ροὼνος,Vulg. Adadremmon), the name of a place in the valley of Megiddo, alluded to in Zechariah 12:11 as a type of the future penitence of the Jews; probably by a proverbial expression from the lamentation for Josiah, who was mortally wounded not far from this spot (2 Chronicles 35:22-25). (There is a treatise by Wichmanshausen. De planctu Hadadr. in the Nov. Thes. Theol. phil. 1, 1101; exegetical remarks on the same text have also been written in Dutch by Vermast [ Gonda, 1792, 1794], in German by Mauritii [Rost. 1764. 1772], and in Latin by Froriep [Erf. 1776].) According to Jerome (Comment. on Zechariah 1. c. and Hosea 1), it was afterwards called Maximliunoopolis (see Reland. Palcest. p. 891), which, according to the Jerus. Itin., lay 17 Rom. miles from AEesatea, and 10 from Esdraelon; being situated, according to Dr. Robinson (new ed. of Researches, 3, 118), a little south of Megiddo (now Lejjun) (see Bibliotheca Sacra, 1844, p. 220). The name has been thought to be derived from the worship of the idol Hadad-rimmon (Hitzig on Isaiah 17, 9; Movers, Phin. p. 297); but, according to the Targum of Jonathan (followed by Jarchi), it is an ellipsis for Hadad, son of Tab-rimmon, the alleged opponent of Ahab at Ramoth-Gilead. As it contains the names of two principal Syrian deities, it may have been an old Syrian stronghold, and hence Josiah may here have made his last stand in defense of the plain of Esdraeloa. Such a site, therefore, does not ill agree with the position of the modern Runlaneh, a village "at the foot of the Megiddo hills, in a notch or valley about 1 hour S. of tell Metzellim" (Van de Velde, Memoir, p. 333; comp. Narrative, 1, 355; De Saulcy, Dead Sea, 2, 311). Schwarz's attempt (Palest. p. 159) to identify Hadad-Rimmon with Gath-Rimmon of Joshua 21:25, as the Kefar Uthni of the Talmud (Gö tting, fol. 76, a), and a present Kafer Guth, said by him to be located about 24 miles from Lejjun, beyond Sepphoris, is without foundation.

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Hadad-Rimmon'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tce/h/hadad-rimmon.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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