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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Harim

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(Heb. Charim', חָרַם, for חָרַים, i. q. חָרוּם ) flat-nosed; Sept. ᾿Ηράμ, but with many v.r. especially Χαρήμ in 1 Chronicles 24:8, ᾿Ηρίμ in Ezra 2:39, Ι᾿ραμ in Nehemiah 10:5, and Api in Nehemiah 12:15), the names of several men, mostly about the time of the Captivity..

1. The head of the second "course" of priests as arranged by David (1 Chronicles 24:8). B.C. 1014.

2. Apparently an Israelite, whose descendants, to the number of 320 males, or 1017 in all, returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:32; Ezra 2:39; Nehemiah 7:35; Nehemiah 7:42. But as among these some are enumerated (Ezra 10:21), as priests in the corresponding lists of those who renounced their Gentile wives, and others (Ezra 10:31) as; ordinary Israelites, it may be doubted whether Harim was not rather a place whose inhabitants are here spoken of, like others in the same list. Accordingly,. Schwarz identifies it with a village Charism, situated, according to him, on a bay of the sea eight Eng. miles northeast of Jaffa (Palest. p. 142). He probably means el- Haran-Ali-Ibn-Aleim (Robinson, Researches, 3, 46),. but his explanation of the compound name is not at all. satisfactory. A better supposition, perhaps, is that Harim in these latter passages stands patronymically as a. representation of the family, q.d. Bene-Harim. (See ELAM).

3. The father of Malchijah, which latter repaired part of the walls of Jerusalem (Nehemiah 3:11). B.C. ante: 446. Perhaps identical with No. 2.

4. One of the priests that returned from Babylon. with Zerubbabel (Nehemiah 12:3, where the name is given' as REHUMI; but compare Nehemiah 12:15, where his son Adna is named). B.C. 536. Perhaps the same as No. 3.

5. One of those named first among the signers of the. sacred covenant of Nehemiah (Nehemiah 10:5). B.C. cir.. 410. Perhaps 1. q. No. 3.

6. Another, a chief of the people, in the same list. (Nehemiah 10:27). B.C. cir. 410. Perhaps to be explained like No. 2.

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Harim'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tce/h/harim.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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