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the Week of Proper 7 / Ordinary 12
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Bible Encyclopedias
Kid

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

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Kidd, Benjamin
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(properly גְּדַי, gedi', so called from cropping the herbage; more fully, גְּדַי עַזּים, "kid of the goats;" fem. גְּדַיּה, gediyah', a she-kid, Cant. i, 8; also בֶּןאּעֵז , son of a goat, 2 Chronicles 35:7, orig.; sometimes for עֵז, a goat, itself, Numbers 15:11; 1 Kings 20:27; likewise שָׂעַיר , si'r, hairy, i.e. a goat, Genesis 35:31; Leviticus 4:23; Leviticus 9:3; Leviticus 16:5; Leviticus 23:19, etc.; fern. שְׂעַירָה, seirah, Leviticus 4:28; Leviticus 5:6; Greek ἔριφιος, Luke 15:29; "goat," Matthew 25:32, Matthew 25:33 ἐριφίον, diminutive), the young of the goat, reckoned a great delicacy among the ancients; and it appears to have been served for food in preference to the lamb (Genesis 27:9; Genesis 38:17; Judges 6:19; Judges 14:6; 1 Samuel 16:20). It still continues to be a choice dish among the Arabs. By the Mosaic law, the Hebrews were forbidden to dress a kid in the milk of its dam; and this remarkable prohibition is repeated three several times (Exodus 23:19; Exodus 34:26; Deuteronomy 14:21). This law has been variously understood. However, it is generally supposed that it was intended to guard the Hebrews against some idolatrous or superstitious practice of the neighboring heathen nations. The practice is quite common with modern Orientals (Thomson, Land and Book, i, 135). Kids were also among the sacrificial offerings (Exodus 12:3, margin; Leviticus 4:23-26; Numbers 7:16-87). (See GOAT).

Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Kid'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/​encyclopedias/​eng/​tce/​k/kid.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.
 
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