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Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature


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(Heb. Maaseyah', מִעֲשֵׂיָה, or [1 Chronicles 15:18; 1 Chronicles 15:20; 1 Chronicles 23:1; 2 Chronicles 25:11; 2 Chronicles 28:7; 2 Chronicles 34:8; Jeremiah 25:4], Maaseya'hu, מִעֲשֵׂיָהוּ, the work of Jehovah; Sept. Μαασία, with many slight various readings), the name of several men.

1. One of the Levites of the second class, appointed porters of the Temple under David (1 Chronicles 15:18), and also musicians "with psalteries upon Alamoth" (1 Chronicles 15:20). B.C. 1043.

2. The son of Adaiah, and one of the "captains of hundreds" whom Jehoiada associated with himself in restoring the young king Jehoash to the throne (2 Chronicles 23:1). B.C. 877.

3. A chieftain in the time of Uzziah, who had charge of the military in a subordinate rank (2 Chronicles 26:11). B.C. 808.

4. The "king's son," killed by Zichri, the Ephraimitish hero, in the invasion of Judah by Pekah, king of Israel, during the reign of Ahaz (2 Chronicles 28:7). The personage thus designated is twice mentioned in connection with the "governor of the city" (1 Kings 22:26; 2 Chronicles 18:25), and appears to have held an office of importance at the Jewish court (perhaps acting as viceroy during the absence of the king), just as the queen dowager was honored with the title of "king's mother" (compare 2 Kings 24:12 with Jeremiah 29:2), or gebirah, 1. "mistress," or "powerful lady." (See MALCHIAH). For the conjecture of Geiger, (See JOASH), 4. Perhaps, however, the individual here referred to was literally one of the sons of Ahaz. B.C. cir. 738.

5. The "governor of the city," one of those sent by king Josiah to repair the Temple (2 Chronicles 34:8). B.C. 623. The date and rank render it not improbable that he was the Maaseiah (Heb. Machseyah', מִחְֵֹסיָה, whose refuge is Jehovah; Sept. Μαασααίς v.r. Μασσααίς, etc.), the father of Neriah, and grandfather of Baruch and Seraiah, which latter were two persons of note to whom Jeremiah had recourse in his divine communications (Jeremiah 32:12; Jeremiah 51:59): and in that case he is likewise probably identical with MELCHI, the son of Addi, and father of Neri, in Christ's maternal genealogy (Luke 3:28).

6. The son of Shallum, apparently a priest, since he had a chamber in the Temple, and was one of its custodians (Jeremiah 35:4). B.C. 606.

7. The father of the priest Zephaniah or Zedekiah, which latter was twice sent by the king with a message of inquiry to Jeremiah, and was denounced by the prophet for falsely encouraging the people (Jeremiah 21:1; Jeremiah 37:3; Jeremiah 29:21; Jeremiah 29:25). B.C. ante 589.

8. Son of Ithiel and father of Kolaiah, a Benjamite, one of whose descendants resided at Jerusalem after the exile (Nehemiah 11:7). B.C. long ante 536.

9. One of the descendants of Judah who resided at Jerusalem after the captivity; he was the son of Baruch, and his genealogy is traced back to one Shiloni (Nehemiah 11:5). B.C. 536. In the corresponding narrative of 1 Chronicles 9:5, apparently the same person is called ASAIAH.

10. One of the priests of the kindred of Jeshua, who agreed to divorce their Gentile wives after the captivity (Ezra 10:18). B.C. 459.

11. Another priest, one of the "sons" of Harim, who divorced his Gentile wife after the exile (Ezra 10:21). B.C. 459. Perhaps it was he (apparently a priest) who formed one of the chorus that celebrated the completion of the new cite walls (Nehemiah 12:42). B.C. 446.

12. Still another priest, of the "sons" of Pashur, who divorced his Gentile wife after the return from Babylon (Ezra 10:22). B.C. 459. Perhaps the same with one of the priests who celebrated with trumpets the rebuilding of the walls of Jerusalem (Nehemiah 12:41). B.C. 446.

13. An Israelite, of the "sons" of Pahath-moab, who divorced his Gentile wife after the Babylonian captivity (Ezra 10:30). B.C. 459.

14. The son of Ananiah, and father of Azariah, which last repaired part of the walls of Jerusalem after the exile (Nehemiah 3:23). B.C. ante 446.

15. One of the principal Israelites who stood on Ezra's right hand while he read and expounded the law to the people (Nehemiah 8:4). B.C. cir. 410. He is perhaps identical with one of the popular chiefs who joined in the sacred covenant with Nehemiah (Nehemiah 10:25). B.C. cir. 410.

16. One of the priests who assisted the Levites in expounding the law to the people as it was read by Ezra (Nehemiah 8:7). B.C. cir. 410.

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Maaseiah'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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