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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature


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(Heb. Zabad', זָבָד , gift; Sept. Ζαβέδ v.r. Ζαβέτ or Ζαβάτ. etc.), the name of several Hebrews.

1. One of David's warriors, being son of Nathan and father of Ephlal, in the lineage of Sheshan's daughter Ahlai by the Egyptian slave Jarha (1 Chronicles 2:36-37; 1 Chronicles 11:41). B.C. 1046.

2. An Ephraimite, son of Tahath and father of Shuthelah 2 (1 Chronicles 7:21). B.C. post 1875. 3. The regicide, son of an Ammonitess named Shimeath, who, in conjunction with Jehozabad, the son of a Moabitess, slew king Joash, to whom they were both household officers, in his bed (2 Kings 12:21; 2 Chronicles 24:25-26)., In the first of these texts he is called JOZACHAR (See JOZACHAR) (q.v.).

The sacred historian does not appear to record the mongrel parentage of these men as suggesting a reason for their being more easily led to this act. but as indicating the sense which was entertained of the enormity of Joash's conduct that even they though servants to the king, and though only half Jews by birth, were led to conspire against him "for the blood of the sons of Jehoiada the priest." It would seem that their murderous act was-not abhorred by the people; for Amaziah, the son of Joash did not venture to call them to account till he felt himself well established on the throne, when they were both put to death (2 Kings 14:5-6; 2 Chronicles 25:3-4). Joash had become unpopular from his idolatries (2 Chronicles 24:18), his oppression (2 Chronicles 25:22), and, above all, his calamities (2 Chronicles 25:23-25). The assassins were both put to death by Amaziah, but their children were spared in obedience to the law of Moses (Deuteronomy 10:14; Deuteronomy 10:16). The coincidence between the names Zechariah and Jozachar is remarkable.

4, 5, 6. Three Israelites, "sons" respectively of Zattu (Ezra 10:27), Hashum (Ezra 10:33), and Nebo (Ezra 10:43), who divorced their Gentile wives, married after the return from Babylon. B.C.458.

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Zabad'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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