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Bible Encyclopedias
Zeeb

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

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(See WOLF).

(Heb. Zeeb, זְאֵב , wolf, as often; Sept. Ζήβ, Vulg. Zeb), one of the two "princes" (שָׂרַים ) of Midian in the great invasion of Israel-inferior to the "kings" Zebah and Zalmunna. He is always named with Oreb (Judges 7:25; Judges 8:3; Psalms 83:11). The name signifies in Hebrew "wolf," just as Oreb does "crow," and the two are appropriate enough to the customs of predatory warriors, who delight in conferring such names on their chiefs. Zeeb and Oreb were not slain at the first rout of the Arabs below the spring of Harod, but at a later stage of the struggle, probably in crossing the Jordan at a ford farther down the river, near the passes, which descend from Mount Ephraim. An enormous mass of their followers perished with them. (See OREB).

the wolf, was brought to bay in a winepress which in later times bore his name "the winepress of Zeeb" (יֶקֶ זְאֵב; Sept. Ι᾿ακεφζήφ v.r. Ι᾿ακεφζηβ, Vulg. Torcular Zeb). Down the Jordan valley, overlooking the plain of Jericho, is a sharp peak, still known as Ash el-Ghorab, i.e. "the Raven's, or Oreb's, Peak." Five miles north-west of this is a wady and mound known as Triveel el-Diab, i.e. "the Wolf's, or "Zeeb's, Den," which Tristram accepts as the required localities (Bible Places, p. 230). Rabbi Schwarz's suggestion (Palest. p. 231) is inapposite.

Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Zeeb'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/​encyclopedias/​eng/​tce/​z/zeeb.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.
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