Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #03680 - כָּסָה
1) to cover, conceal, hide
1a) (Qal) conceal, covered (participle)
1b) (Niphal) to be covered
1c1) to cover, clothe
1c2) to cover, conceal
1c3) to cover (for protection)
1c4) to cover over, spread over
1c5) to cover, overwhelm
1d1) to be covered
1d2) to be clothed
1e) (Hithpael) to cover oneself, clothe oneself
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
כָּסָה to cover, to cover over; kindred roots כָּסָא and כָּשָׂה. (Syr. ܟܣܐܳ id. also to put on; Arab. كسا to put on; Ch. כְּסָה to cover; hence, to be hidden, concealed.) In Kal it is only found in part. כֹּסֶה Proverbs 12:16, 23 Proverbs 12:23, and כָּסוּי Psalms 32:1. Much more frequently used is
(1) to cover, followed by an acc. Exodus 10:5; Numbers 9:15, 22:5, or by עַל (like other verbs of covering סָכַךְ, כָּפַר), as if eine Decke machen über etwas; Numbers 16:33, וַתְּכַס עֲלֵיהֶם הָאָרֶץ “and the earth covered them,” prop. covered over them; Job 21:26, וְרִמָּה תְּכַסֶּה עֲלֵיהֶם “and the worms cover them;” 2 Chronicles 5:8 followed by לְ Isaiah 11:9. To cover some person, or thing with any thing, const.
(a) followed by an acc. of pers. and בְּ of the covering; Levit. 17:13, וְכִסָּהוּ בֶּעָפָר “and he shall cover it (the blood) with dust;” Numbers 4:5,, 11.
(b) followed by two acc. Ezekiel 18:7, 16 Ezekiel 18:16, 16:10.
(c) followed by עַל of pers. and בְּ of the covering, Psalms 44:20.
(d) with an acc. of the covering, and עַל of the thing to be covered, Ezekiel 24:7 comp. Job 36:32. Often used metaph. to cover over sin, i.e. to pardon; followed by an acc. Psalms 85:3 followed by עַל Proverbs 10:12 Neh. 3:37 Psalms 32:1 [Kal]; כְּסוּי חַטָּאָה “whose sin is covered,” i.e. forgiven; compare כָּפַר. כִּסָּה אֶלּ pregn. used for to confide covertly in any one, Psalms 143:9.
(2) Intrans. to cover oneself, to put on any thing, Genesis 38:14; Deuteronomy 22:12; Jonah 3:6, וַיְכַס שַׂק “and he clothed himself with sackcloth.” (Arabic كَسَا to put on; followed by an acc.)
(3) to cover, to conceal (compare Chald.), Proverbs 10:18, 12:16, 23 Proverbs 12:23[Kal]; Job 31:33. Job 23:17, וּמִפָּנַי כִּסָּה־אֹפֶל “and (because) he hath (not) covered the darkness from my sight;” has not set me free from calamities.
Pual כֻּסָּה and כָּסָּה (Psalms 80:11; Proverbs 24:31); pass. to be covered; followed by בְּ of the covering, 1 Chronicles 21:16; Ecclesiastes 6:4 also by an acc. Psalms 80:11, כָּסּוּ חָרִים צִלָּהּ “the mountains were covered with its shadow.” Proverbs 24:31.
Niphal, Jeremiah 51:42; Ezekiel 24:8.
Hithpael, to cover over oneself; followed by בְּ of covering, Isaiah 59:6; 1 Kings 11:29 once followed by an acc. Jonah 3:8.
Derived nouns, כָּסוּי, כְּסוּת (and סוּת), כֶּסֶת, מִכְסֶה, מְכַסֶּה.