Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #056 - אָבַל

Transliteration
'âbal
Phonetics
aw-bal'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
6
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to mourn, lament

1a) (Qal) to mourn, lament

1a1) of humans

1a2) of inanimate objects (figuratively)

1a2a) of gates

1a2b) of land

1b) (Hiphil)

1b1) to mourn, cause to mourn (figuratively)

1c) (Hithpael)

1c1) to mourn

1c2) play the mourner

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2400 ‑ ἰδού (id‑oo');  4133 ‑ πλήν (plane);  4727 ‑ στενάζω (sten‑ad'‑zo);  2354 ‑ θρηνέω (thray‑neh'‑o);  3996 ‑ πενθέω (pen‑theh'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (39)
Genesis
1
Exodus
1
Numbers
1
1 Samuel
3
2 Samuel
4
1 Chronicles
1
2 Chronicles
1
Ezra
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
1
Isaiah
6
Jeremiah
5
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
3
Daniel
1
Hosea
2
Joel
2
Amos
3
NAS (42)
Genesis
1
Exodus
2
Numbers
1
1 Samuel
3
2 Samuel
5
1 Chronicles
1
2 Chronicles
1
Ezra
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
1
Isaiah
6
Jeremiah
5
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
4
Daniel
1
Hosea
2
Joel
2
Amos
3
HCS (39)
Genesis
1
Exodus
1
Numbers
1
1 Samuel
3
2 Samuel
4
1 Chronicles
1
2 Chronicles
1
Ezra
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
1
Isaiah
6
Jeremiah
5
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
3
Daniel
1
Hosea
2
Joel
2
Amos
3
BSB (39)
Genesis
1
Exodus
1
Numbers
1
1 Samuel
3
2 Samuel
4
1 Chronicles
1
2 Chronicles
1
Ezra
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
1
Isaiah
6
Jeremiah
5
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
3
Daniel
1
Hosea
2
Joel
2
Amos
3
ESV (34)
Genesis
1
Numbers
1
1 Samuel
3
2 Samuel
3
1 Chronicles
1
2 Chronicles
1
Ezra
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
1
Isaiah
5
Jeremiah
3
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
3
Daniel
1
Hosea
2
Joel
2
Amos
3
WEB (39)
Genesis
1
Exodus
1
Numbers
1
1 Samuel
3
2 Samuel
4
1 Chronicles
1
2 Chronicles
1
Ezra
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
1
Isaiah
6
Jeremiah
5
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
3
Daniel
1
Hosea
2
Joel
2
Amos
3
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1035) lb (בל BL) AC: Flow CO: ? AB: Nothing: A flowing of any substance. (eng: ball; bowl; flow - with the exchange of the f for a b)

A) lb (בל BL) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Nothing: To come to nothing when effort is given.

Nm) lb (בל BL) - Nothing: KJV (9): none, not, nor, lest, nothing, not, neither, no - Strongs: H1077 (בַּל)

ef4) tilib (בילית BYLYT) - Except: A flowing away of all except one. Can also mean not or nothing in the sense of all things flowing away. [df: ytlb] KJV (30): but, except, save, nothing, lest, no, from, inasmuch - Strongs: H1115 (בִּלְתִּי)

fm ) ilb (בלי BLY) - Without: KJV (15): not, without, lack, confusion - Strongs: H1097 (בְּלִי), H1099 (בְּלִימָה)

if) lbt (תבל TBL) - I. Earth:A land flowing with substance. II. Confusion:An action that lacks any results. [Used in the sense of beastiality] KJV (38): world, habitable part, confusion - Strongs: H8397 (תֶּבֶל), H8398 (בֵּבֵל)

if4) tilbt (תבלית TBLYT) - Ruin: A complete flowing away of something by destruction. KJV (1): destruction - Strongs: H8399 (תַּבְלִית)

qm) flb (בלו BLW) - Tribute: [Unknown connection to root; Aramaic only] KJV (3): tribute - Strongs: H1093 (בְּלוֹ)

B) llb (בלל BLL) AC: Mix CO: Fodder AB: ?: A flowing or mixing of a liquid or solid.

V) llb (בלל BLL) - Mix: KJV (44): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) mingle, confound, anoint, mix - Strongs: H1101 (בָּלַל)

bm) lilb (בליל BLYL) - Fodder: A mixed feed for livestock. KJV (3): fodder, corn, provender - Strongs: H1098 (בְּלִיל)

idm) lflbt (תבלול TBLWL) - Cataract: The clouding color of the eyes that appear as a mixture. KJV (1): blemish - Strongs: H8400 (תְּבַלֻּל)

C) lba (אבל ABL) AC: Flow CO: Stream AB: ?: A flowing of tears.

V) lba (אבל ABL) - Mourn: KJV (39): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hitpael) mourn, mourner, lament - Strongs: H56 (אָבַל)

Nf) lba (אבל ABL) - I. Meadow:A moist ground. II. Mourning:A flowing of tears. III. Surely:A flowing of certainty. KJV (44): mourning, plain, but, nevertheless - Strongs: H57 (אָבֵל), H58 (אָבֵל), H60 (אֵבֶל), H61 (אֲבָל)

om) lbfa (אובל AWBL) - Stream: A flowing of water. KJV (3): river - Strongs: H180 (אֻבָל)

E) alb (בלא BLA) AC: ? CO: Old AB: ?: A flowing away life.

Nm) alb (בלא BLA) - Old: [df: ywlb] KJV (3): old - Strongs: H1094 (בְּלוֹא)

F) lbe (הבל HBL) AC: ? CO: Empty AB: ?: A flowing out or away of contents.

V) lbe (הבל HBL) - Empty: Void of usefulness, to be vain. KJV (5): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) become vain - Strongs: H1891 (הָבַל)

Nm) lbe (הבל HBL) - Emptyness: The state of being empty of contents or usefulness. KJV (73): vanity - Strongs: H1892 (הֲבֵל)

G) leb (בהל BHL) AC: Stir CO: ? AB: Trouble: The flowing of the insides through trouble, amazement, haste or anxiety.

V) leb (בהל BHL) - Stir: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (50): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil, Pual, Piel) haste, trouble, amaze, afraid, vex, rash, dismay, speedy, thrust out - Strongs: H926 (בָּהַל), H927 (בְּהַל)

Nf1) eleb (בהלה BHLH) - Trouble: KJV (4): trouble, terror - Strongs: H928 (בֶּהָלָה)

bm) lieb (בהיל BHYL) - Haste: [Aramaic only] [df: wlyhb] KJV (1): haste - Strongs: H924 (בְּהִילוּ)

H) elb (בלה BLH) AC: Wear CO: ? AB: Terror: A flowing away of function, life or strength.

V) elb (בלה BLH) - Wear Out: KJV (17): (vf: Paal, Piel) waxed old, old, consume, waste, enjoy - Strongs: H1086 (בָּלָה), H1089 (בָּלַהּ)

Nm) elb (בלה BLH) - Worn Out: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (6): old, wear out - Strongs: H1080 (בְּלָה), H1087 (בָּלֶה)

Nf1) eelb (בלהה BLHH) - Terror: A flowing away of the insides. KJV (10): terror - Strongs: H1091 (בַּלָּהָה)

J) lfb (בול BWL) AC: ? CO: Flood AB: ?: A large flowing of water. As the river rises and overflows its banks, the surrounding lands are flooded depositing the water for growing the crops.

Nm) lfb (בול BWL) - Food: The crops grown in the flood plains of rivers. KJV (2): food, stock - Strongs: H944 (בּוּל)

am) lfbm (מבול MBWL) - Flood: KJV (13): flood - Strongs: H3999 (מַבּוּל)

L) lbi (יבל YBL) AC: Flow CO: Stream AB: ?: A flowing of wealth, water or sound.

V) lbi (יבל YBL) - Flow: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (21): (vf: Hiphil, Hophal) carry, brought - Strongs: H2986 (יָבַל), H2987 (יְבַל)

Nm) lbi (יבל YBL) - Stream: A flowing body of water. KJV (2): stream, course - Strongs: H2988 (יָבָל)

Nf2) tlbi (יבלת YBLT) - Ulcer: A flowing lesion. KJV (1): wen - Strongs: H2990 (יַבֶּלֶת)

dm) lfbi (יבול YBWL) - Produce: The growth of fruits and crops from flooding waters. KJV (13): increase, fruit - Strongs: H2981 (יְבוּל)

gm) lbfi (יובל YWBL) - Trumpet: An instrument of flowing air to make a sound, also the horn of a ram used as a trumpet. KJV (27): jubilee, rams horn, trumpet - Strongs: H3104 (יֹבֵל)

om) lbfi (יובל YWBL) - Stream: A flowing body of water. KJV (1): river - Strongs: H3105 (יוּבַל)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אָבַל fut. יֶאֱבַל to mourn, followed by עַלּ, Hosea 10:5; Amos 8:8. Arab., Syr. id. The proper signification appears to be, to be languid, to walk with the head cast down (compare the kindred roots אָפַל, אָמַל, also בָּלָה, נָבַל, נָפַל, all of which are from the bi-literal stock, bal, fal, having the sense of falling, comp. σφάλλω, fallo, Germ. fallen), as done by mourners; but it is transferred from the dress and manner of mourners to the voice, and to lamentation (see אֵבֶל ). Poet. used of inanimate things; Amos 1:2, אָֽבְלוּ נְאוֹת ־ הָרֹעִים “the pastures of the shepherds mourn;” Isaiah 24:4, Isaiah 24:7, אָבַל תִּירוֹשׁ אֻמְלְלָה גָפֶ֑ן “the new wine mourneth (i.e. the clusters mourn), the vine languisheth;” 33:9.

Hiphil הֶאֱבִיל to cause to mourn, to make to lament, Ezekiel 31:15 used of inanimate things, Lamentations 2:8.

Hithpael, prop. to act as a mourner, hence, to mourn, i.q. Kal, especially in prose, while Kal is appropriated to poetic diction, Genesis 37:34; Exodus 33:4 with אֶל and עַל of person, 1 Samuel 15:35; 2 Samuel 13:37. The derived nouns almost immediately follow. [אָבֵל No. I, אֵבֶל.]

II.

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List of Word Forms
אָֽבְלוּ֙ אָבְלָ֖ה אָבְלָ֣ה אָבְלָ֤ה אָבְלָ֥ה אָבַ֤ל אָבַ֥ל אָבַ֨ל אבל אבלה אבלו הִֽתְאַבְּלִי־ הִתְאַבֵּ֥ל הֶאֱבַ֜לְתִּי הַמִּֽתְאַבְּלִ֖ים האבלתי המתאבלים התאבל התאבלי־ וְאָ֣בְל֔וּ וְאָֽבְלוּ֙ וְאָבְל֖וּ וְאָבַ֖ל וַיִּֽתְאַבְּל֣וּ וַיִּֽתְאַבְּל֥וּ וַיִּתְאַבֵּ֖ל וַיִּתְאַבֵּ֛ל וַיִּתְאַבֵּ֥ל וַיִּתְאַבָּ֑לוּ וַיַּֽאֲבֶל־ וָאֶתְאַבְּלָ֖ה ואבל ואבלו ואתאבלה ויאבל־ ויתאבל ויתאבלו יִתְאַבָּ֑ל יִתְאַבָּ֗ל יתאבל מִֽתְאַבְּלִ֖ים מִתְאַבֵּ֔ל מִתְאַבֵּ֖ל מִתְאַבֵּ֣ל מִתְאַבֶּ֖לֶת מתאבל מתאבלים מתאבלת תִּֽתְאַבְּל֖וּ תֶּאֱבַ֣ל תֶּאֱבָֽל׃ תאבל תאבל׃ תתאבלו ’ā·ḇal ’ā·ḇə·lāh ’ā·ḇə·lū ’āḇal ’āḇəlāh ’āḇəlū aVal aveLah aveLu ham·miṯ·’ab·bə·lîm hammiṯ’abbəlîm hammitabbeLim he’ĕḇaltî he·’ĕ·ḇal·tî heeValti hiṯ’abbêl hiṯ’abbəlî- hiṯ·’ab·bə·lî- hiṯ·’ab·bêl hitabBel hitabbeli miṯ’abbêl miṯ’abbeleṯ miṯ’abbəlîm miṯ·’ab·be·leṯ miṯ·’ab·bə·lîm miṯ·’ab·bêl mitabBel mitabBelet mitabbeLim te’ĕḇal te’ĕḇāl te·’ĕ·ḇal te·’ĕ·ḇāl teeVal tiṯ’abbəlū tiṯ·’ab·bə·lū titabbeLu vaetabbeLah vaiyaavel vaiyitabBalu vaiyitabBel vaiyitabbeLu veaVal veaveLu wā’eṯ’abbəlāh wā·’eṯ·’ab·bə·lāh way·ya·’ă·ḇel- way·yiṯ·’ab·bā·lū way·yiṯ·’ab·bə·lū way·yiṯ·’ab·bêl wayya’ăḇel- wayyiṯ’abbālū wayyiṯ’abbêl wayyiṯ’abbəlū wə’āḇal wə’āḇəlū wə·’ā·ḇal wə·’ā·ḇə·lū yiṯ’abbāl yiṯ·’ab·bāl yitabBal
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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