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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #1097 - בְּלִי

Root Word (Etymology)
from (H1086)
Parts of Speech
adverb of negation, substantive
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Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

  1. subst
    1. wearing out
  2. adv of negation
    1. without, no, not

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2212 ‑ ζητέω (dzay‑teh'‑o);  1131 ‑ γυμνός (goom‑nos');  56 ‑ ἀγνωσία (ag‑no‑see'‑ah);  95 ‑ ἀδίκως (ad‑ee'‑koce);  504 ‑ ἄνυδρος (an'‑oo‑dros);  820 ‑ ἄτιμος (at'‑ee‑mos);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (14)
Genesis 1
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 1
Job 6
Psalms 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 2
NAS (47)
Joshua 2
Job 20
Psalms 4
Ecclesiastes 2
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 7
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 3
Hosea 2
Zephaniah 2
CSB (58)
Genesis 1
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 2
2 Samuel 1
2 Kings 3
Job 22
Psalms 4
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 4
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 2
Hosea 3
Zephaniah 2
Malachi 1
BSB (58)
Genesis 1
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 2
2 Samuel 1
2 Kings 3
Job 21
Psalms 4
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 4
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 2
Hosea 4
Zephaniah 2
Malachi 1
ESV (33)
Genesis 1
Deuteronomy 1
Job 15
Psalms 4
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 5
Jeremiah 1
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 2
Zephaniah 1
Malachi 1
WEB (15)
Genesis 1
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 1
Job 6
Psalms 1
Ecclesiastes 2
Isaiah 2
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1035) lb (בל BL) AC: Flow CO: ? AB: Nothing: A flowing of any substance. (eng: ball; bowl; flow - with the exchange of the f for a b)

A) lb (בל BL) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Nothing: To come to nothing when effort is given.

Nm) lb (בל BL) - Nothing: KJV (9): none, not, nor, lest, nothing, not, neither, no - Strongs: H1077 (בַּל)

ef4) tilib (בילית BYLYT) - Except: A flowing away of all except one. Can also mean not or nothing in the sense of all things flowing away. [df: ytlb] KJV (30): but, except, save, nothing, lest, no, from, inasmuch - Strongs: H1115 (בִּלְתִּי)

fm ) ilb (בלי BLY) - Without: KJV (15): not, without, lack, confusion - Strongs: H1097 (בְּלִי), H1099 (בְּלִימָה)

if) lbt (תבל TBL) - I. Earth:A land flowing with substance. II. Confusion:An action that lacks any results. [Used in the sense of beastiality] KJV (38): world, habitable part, confusion - Strongs: H8397 (תֶּבֶל), H8398 (בֵּבֵל)

if4) tilbt (תבלית TBLYT) - Ruin: A complete flowing away of something by destruction. KJV (1): destruction - Strongs: H8399 (תַּבְלִית)

qm) flb (בלו BLW) - Tribute: [Unknown connection to root; Aramaic only] KJV (3): tribute - Strongs: H1093 (בְּלוֹ)

B) llb (בלל BLL) AC: Mix CO: Fodder AB: ?: A flowing or mixing of a liquid or solid.

V) llb (בלל BLL) - Mix: KJV (44): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) mingle, confound, anoint, mix - Strongs: H1101 (בָּלַל)

bm) lilb (בליל BLYL) - Fodder: A mixed feed for livestock. KJV (3): fodder, corn, provender - Strongs: H1098 (בְּלִיל)

idm) lflbt (תבלול TBLWL) - Cataract: The clouding color of the eyes that appear as a mixture. KJV (1): blemish - Strongs: H8400 (תְּבַלֻּל)

C) lba (אבל ABL) AC: Flow CO: Stream AB: ?: A flowing of tears.

V) lba (אבל ABL) - Mourn: KJV (39): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hitpael) mourn, mourner, lament - Strongs: H56 (אָבַל)

Nf) lba (אבל ABL) - I. Meadow:A moist ground. II. Mourning:A flowing of tears. III. Surely:A flowing of certainty. KJV (44): mourning, plain, but, nevertheless - Strongs: H57 (אָבֵל), H58 (אָבֵל), H60 (אֵבֶל), H61 (אֲבָל)

om) lbfa (אובל AWBL) - Stream: A flowing of water. KJV (3): river - Strongs: H180 (אֻבָל)

E) alb (בלא BLA) AC: ? CO: Old AB: ?: A flowing away life.

Nm) alb (בלא BLA) - Old: [df: ywlb] KJV (3): old - Strongs: H1094 (בְּלוֹא)

F) lbe (הבל HBL) AC: ? CO: Empty AB: ?: A flowing out or away of contents.

V) lbe (הבל HBL) - Empty: Void of usefulness, to be vain. KJV (5): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) become vain - Strongs: H1891 (הָבַל)

Nm) lbe (הבל HBL) - Emptyness: The state of being empty of contents or usefulness. KJV (73): vanity - Strongs: H1892 (הֲבֵל)

G) leb (בהל BHL) AC: Stir CO: ? AB: Trouble: The flowing of the insides through trouble, amazement, haste or anxiety.

V) leb (בהל BHL) - Stir: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (50): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil, Pual, Piel) haste, trouble, amaze, afraid, vex, rash, dismay, speedy, thrust out - Strongs: H926 (בָּהַל), H927 (בְּהַל)

Nf1) eleb (בהלה BHLH) - Trouble: KJV (4): trouble, terror - Strongs: H928 (בֶּהָלָה)

bm) lieb (בהיל BHYL) - Haste: [Aramaic only] [df: wlyhb] KJV (1): haste - Strongs: H924 (בְּהִילוּ)

H) elb (בלה BLH) AC: Wear CO: ? AB: Terror: A flowing away of function, life or strength.

V) elb (בלה BLH) - Wear Out: KJV (17): (vf: Paal, Piel) waxed old, old, consume, waste, enjoy - Strongs: H1086 (בָּלָה), H1089 (בָּלַהּ)

Nm) elb (בלה BLH) - Worn Out: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (6): old, wear out - Strongs: H1080 (בְּלָה), H1087 (בָּלֶה)

Nf1) eelb (בלהה BLHH) - Terror: A flowing away of the insides. KJV (10): terror - Strongs: H1091 (בַּלָּהָה)

J) lfb (בול BWL) AC: ? CO: Flood AB: ?: A large flowing of water. As the river rises and overflows its banks, the surrounding lands are flooded depositing the water for growing the crops.

Nm) lfb (בול BWL) - Food: The crops grown in the flood plains of rivers. KJV (2): food, stock - Strongs: H944 (בּוּל)

am) lfbm (מבול MBWL) - Flood: KJV (13): flood - Strongs: H3999 (מַבּוּל)

L) lbi (יבל YBL) AC: Flow CO: Stream AB: ?: A flowing of wealth, water or sound.

V) lbi (יבל YBL) - Flow: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (21): (vf: Hiphil, Hophal) carry, brought - Strongs: H2986 (יָבַל), H2987 (יְבַל)

Nm) lbi (יבל YBL) - Stream: A flowing body of water. KJV (2): stream, course - Strongs: H2988 (יָבָל)

Nf2) tlbi (יבלת YBLT) - Ulcer: A flowing lesion. KJV (1): wen - Strongs: H2990 (יַבֶּלֶת)

dm) lfbi (יבול YBWL) - Produce: The growth of fruits and crops from flooding waters. KJV (13): increase, fruit - Strongs: H2981 (יְבוּל)

gm) lbfi (יובל YWBL) - Trumpet: An instrument of flowing air to make a sound, also the horn of a ram used as a trumpet. KJV (27): jubilee, rams horn, trumpet - Strongs: H3104 (יֹבֵל)

om) lbfi (יובל YWBL) - Stream: A flowing body of water. KJV (1): river - Strongs: H3105 (יוּבַל)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 בְּלִי substantive wearing out (, wearing out of a garment), hence

1 figurative destruction Isaiah 38:17 שַׁחַת בְּלִי pit of destruction (of Sh®°ôl).

2 defect, failure, hence

adverb of negation (compare אֶפֶס), chiefly poetic for לֹא, אֵין: —

a. with finite vb. rare and only once in prose, Genesis 31:20 (E) עַלבְּֿלִיהִגִּיד לוֺ because he told him not, Isaiah 14:6; Isaiah 32:10; Hosea 8:7; Hosea 9:16 (Kt) Job 41:18.

b. used to negative an adj. or participle 2 Samuel 1:21 בְּלִי מָשִׁיחַ not anointed, Psalm 19:4; Hosea 7:8: more frequently, especially in Job , joined with a substantive in sense of without, Job 8:11 will the reed-grass grow בְּלִימָֿ֑יִם without water? Job 24:10 they go about naked בְּלִי לְבוּשׁ without clothing, Job 31:39; Job 33:9; Job 34:6; Job 38:2 words בְּלִידַֿעַת without knowledge, Job 39:16; Job 42:3; Psalm 59:5 בְּלִיעָֿוֺן יְרוּצוּן without (my) iniquity they run (against me), compare Psalm 59:4 לֹא, Psalm 63:2 a dry land בְּלִי מָ֑יִם without water, Isaiah 28:8; Job 30:8 בְּנֵי בְלִישֵֿׁם children of (men of) no name.

With prepositions a. בִּבְלִי, in בִּבְלִי דַעַת Deuteronomy 4:42; Deuteronomy 19:4; Joshua 20:3,5 D (= unawares: all in D's law of homicide); without knowledge Job 35:16; Job 36:12.

b. לִבְלִי in a state of (see below לְ) no..., i.e. without, Isaiah 5:14 לִבְלִיחֹֿק regardless of, without measure, Job 38:41; Job 41:25 that is made לִבְלִיחֵֿת (to be) in a state of no fear, i.e. to be fearless.

c. מִבְּלִי ( a) from want of, followed by a substantive or infin., מִן expressing causation, Deuteronomy 9:28 ׳מִבְּלִי יְכֹלֶת י on account of Jehovah's not being able... (in Numbers 14:16 מִבִּלְתִּי), Numbers 28:55 (Ew238d; but also RS JPh xvi. 72), Isaiah 5:13 for want of knowledge, Hosea 4:6; Ezekiel 34:5; Lamentations 1:4 מִבְּלִי בָּאֵי מוֺעֵד for lack of comers to the stated feast. Followed by a pleonastic אֵין in the phrase הֲמִבְּלִי אֵין ֗֗֗ is it on account of there being no...? (literally is it from the deficiency of no...? compare in Syriac; PS528), Exodus 14:11; 2 Kings 1:3,6,16. (β) so that there is no... (literally away from there being no..., מִן expressing negation, and בְּלִי being pleonastic, as in מֵאֵין, see below אַיִן 6d β); Jeremiah 2:15 its cities are burnt מִבְּלִי יוֺשֵׁב so that there is no inhabitant, Jeremiah 9:9-11Ezekiel 14:15; Zephaniah 3:6. Once as a conjunction מִבְּלִי אֲשֶׁר, with pleonastic לֹא, so that not... Ecclesiastes 3:11. In Job מִבְּלִי is used more freely = without, the connection with a preceding verb being no longer distinctly felt: Job 4:20 without any heeding, they perish for ever, Job 6:6; Job 24:7,8; probably also Job 4:11; Job 31:19 (though here the sense (α) would be admissible). (γ) in Job 18:15 תִּשְׁכּוֺן בְּאָהֳלוֺ מִבְּלִילֿוֺ, מִן is probably partitive (so Hi): there shall dwell in his tent what is naught of his: Ew§ 323 a De less probably even naught, compare below אַיִן 6d γ; Ges 'terror (supplied from Job 18:14) shall dwell in his tent so that it is no more his.'

d. עַדבְּֿלִי till there be no... Psalm 72:7; Malachi 3:10.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

בְּלִי subst.

(1) consumption, destruction, Isaiah 38:17 Arab. بَلًى id.

(2) failure, defect, nothing; hence adv. of negation, i.q. לֹא. It is joined to verbs and nouns, Genesis 31:20; Hosea 7:8, 8:7 Isaiah 14:6, 32:10. It is sometimes closely joined to substantives, so that they coalesce into a singleidea, בְּלִישֵׁם “not fame,” i.e. infamy, Job 30:8.

(3), For בִּבְלִי without, only poetically, Job 8:11, בְּלִי מַיִם “without waters;” 24:10 31:39 33:9 34:6 Psalms 59:5.

With prep.

(a) בִּבְלִי prop. in defect, without, i.q. בְּלֹא. בִּבְלִי דַעַת imprudently, Deuteronomy 4:42, 19:4 suddenly, Job 35:16, 36:12 compare בְּלִי No. 2.

(b)לִבְלִי id. (comp. ל letter B) Job 38:41 לִבְלִי־אֹבֶל “without food;” 41:25 Isaiah 5:14.

(c) מִבְּלִּי pr. because of defect

(α) in that not, because not; followed by an inf. Deuteronomy 9:28, יְכֹלֶת יְהֹוָה מִבְּלִי “because Jehovah could not,” Isaiah 5:13. Followed by a part. “because no man,” Lamentations 1:4 מִבְּלִי בָּאֵי מוֹעֵד “because none come to the feast.” Sometimes pleon. מִבְּלִי אֵיז; 2 Kings 1:3, 2 Kings 1:6, 16 2 Kings 1:16; Exodus 14:11 (Syr. ܡܶܢ ܒܠܰܝ ܕ and ܡܶܢ ܒܠܰܝ in that not).

(β) so that not, Job 18:15, תִּשְׁכּוֹן בְּאָהֳלוֹ מִבְּלִי לוֹ “(terror) dwells in his tent so that it is no more his,” i.e. terror occupies his tent, and the wicked removes thence; 6:6 Deuteronomy 28:55. Followed by a part. so that none, מִבְּלִי ישֵׁב “so that no one dwells;” Jeremiah 2:15, 9:10 comp. Ezekiel 14:15. Followed by אֲשֶׁד (so that it forms a conjunction) and pleon. לֹא Ecclesiastes 3:11, מִבְּלִּי אֲשֶׁר לֹ֦א־יִמְצָא הָאָדָם “so that man cannot find out.”

(d) עַר בְּלִּי until failure, i.e. “as long as,” Psalms 72:7; Malachi 3:10.

(e) עַל־בְּלִי in that not, followed by a pret. Genesis 31:20.

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List of Word Forms
בְּ֝לִ֗י בְּֽלִ֫י בְּֽלִי־ בְּלִ֔י בְּלִ֖י בְּלִ֣י בְּלִ֥י בְּלִי֙ בְּלִי־ בְלִי־ בִּבְלִי־ בִבְלִי־ בַֽל־ בבלי־ בל־ בלי בלי־ הַֽמִבְּלִ֤י המבלי וּֽמִבְּלִ֥י ומבלי כִּבְלִי־ כבלי־ לִבְלִי־ לבלי־ מִבְּלִ֖י מִבְּלִ֞י מִבְּלִ֣י מִבְּלִ֥י מִבְּלִי֙ מִבְּלִי־ מבלי מבלי־ ḇal- bə·lî bə·lî- ḇə·lî- beLi bəlî bəlî- ḇəlî- biḇ·lî- ḇiḇ·lî- biḇlî- ḇiḇlî- bivli ha·mib·bə·lî hamibbeLi hamibbəlî kiḇ·lî- kiḇlî- kivli liḇ·lî- liḇlî- livli mib·bə·lî mib·bə·lî- mibbeLi mibbəlî mibbəlî- ū·mib·bə·lî umibbeLi ūmibbəlî val veli vivli
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