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Friday, June 21st, 2024
the Week of Proper 6 / Ordinary 11
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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #57 - אָבֵל

Root Word (Etymology)
from (H56)
Parts of Speech
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Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

  1. mourning
    1. for the dead
    2. because of calamity
    3. of rites of mourning
  2. mourner (substantive)
    1. for the dead
    2. for calamity

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 93 ‑ ἀδικία (ad‑ee‑kee'‑ah);  93 ‑ ἀδικία (ad‑ee‑kee'‑ah);  94 ‑ ἄδικος (ad'‑ee‑kos);  458 ‑ ἀνομία (an‑om‑ee'‑ah);  1342 ‑ δίκαιος (dik'‑ah‑yos);  3076 ‑ λυπέω (loo‑peh'‑o);  3900 ‑ παράπτωμα (par‑ap'‑to‑mah);  4835 ‑ συμπαθής (soom‑path‑ace');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (8)
Genesis 1
Esther 1
Job 1
Psalms 1
Isaiah 3
Lamentations 1
NAS (10)
Genesis 1
Esther 1
Job 1
Psalms 3
Isaiah 3
Lamentations 1
CSB (8)
Genesis 1
Esther 1
Job 1
Psalms 1
Isaiah 3
Lamentations 1
BSB (8)
Genesis 1
Esther 1
Job 1
Psalms 1
Isaiah 3
Lamentations 1
ESV (8)
Genesis 1
Esther 1
Job 1
Psalms 1
Isaiah 3
Lamentations 1
WEB (8)
Genesis 1
Esther 1
Job 1
Psalms 1
Isaiah 3
Lamentations 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1035) lb (בל BL) AC: Flow CO: ? AB: Nothing: A flowing of any substance. (eng: ball; bowl; flow - with the exchange of the f for a b)

A) lb (בל BL) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Nothing: To come to nothing when effort is given.

Nm) lb (בל BL) - Nothing: KJV (9): none, not, nor, lest, nothing, not, neither, no - Strongs: H1077 (בַּל)

ef4) tilib (בילית BYLYT) - Except: A flowing away of all except one. Can also mean not or nothing in the sense of all things flowing away. [df: ytlb] KJV (30): but, except, save, nothing, lest, no, from, inasmuch - Strongs: H1115 (בִּלְתִּי)

fm ) ilb (בלי BLY) - Without: KJV (15): not, without, lack, confusion - Strongs: H1097 (בְּלִי), H1099 (בְּלִימָה)

if) lbt (תבל TBL) - I. Earth:A land flowing with substance. II. Confusion:An action that lacks any results. [Used in the sense of beastiality] KJV (38): world, habitable part, confusion - Strongs: H8397 (תֶּבֶל), H8398 (בֵּבֵל)

if4) tilbt (תבלית TBLYT) - Ruin: A complete flowing away of something by destruction. KJV (1): destruction - Strongs: H8399 (תַּבְלִית)

qm) flb (בלו BLW) - Tribute: [Unknown connection to root; Aramaic only] KJV (3): tribute - Strongs: H1093 (בְּלוֹ)

B) llb (בלל BLL) AC: Mix CO: Fodder AB: ?: A flowing or mixing of a liquid or solid.

V) llb (בלל BLL) - Mix: KJV (44): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) mingle, confound, anoint, mix - Strongs: H1101 (בָּלַל)

bm) lilb (בליל BLYL) - Fodder: A mixed feed for livestock. KJV (3): fodder, corn, provender - Strongs: H1098 (בְּלִיל)

idm) lflbt (תבלול TBLWL) - Cataract: The clouding color of the eyes that appear as a mixture. KJV (1): blemish - Strongs: H8400 (תְּבַלֻּל)

C) lba (אבל ABL) AC: Flow CO: Stream AB: ?: A flowing of tears.

V) lba (אבל ABL) - Mourn: KJV (39): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hitpael) mourn, mourner, lament - Strongs: H56 (אָבַל)

Nf) lba (אבל ABL) - I. Meadow:A moist ground. II. Mourning:A flowing of tears. III. Surely:A flowing of certainty. KJV (44): mourning, plain, but, nevertheless - Strongs: H57 (אָבֵל), H58 (אָבֵל), H60 (אֵבֶל), H61 (אֲבָל)

om) lbfa (אובל AWBL) - Stream: A flowing of water. KJV (3): river - Strongs: H180 (אֻבָל)

E) alb (בלא BLA) AC: ? CO: Old AB: ?: A flowing away life.

Nm) alb (בלא BLA) - Old: [df: ywlb] KJV (3): old - Strongs: H1094 (בְּלוֹא)

F) lbe (הבל HBL) AC: ? CO: Empty AB: ?: A flowing out or away of contents.

V) lbe (הבל HBL) - Empty: Void of usefulness, to be vain. KJV (5): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) become vain - Strongs: H1891 (הָבַל)

Nm) lbe (הבל HBL) - Emptyness: The state of being empty of contents or usefulness. KJV (73): vanity - Strongs: H1892 (הֲבֵל)

G) leb (בהל BHL) AC: Stir CO: ? AB: Trouble: The flowing of the insides through trouble, amazement, haste or anxiety.

V) leb (בהל BHL) - Stir: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (50): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil, Pual, Piel) haste, trouble, amaze, afraid, vex, rash, dismay, speedy, thrust out - Strongs: H926 (בָּהַל), H927 (בְּהַל)

Nf1) eleb (בהלה BHLH) - Trouble: KJV (4): trouble, terror - Strongs: H928 (בֶּהָלָה)

bm) lieb (בהיל BHYL) - Haste: [Aramaic only] [df: wlyhb] KJV (1): haste - Strongs: H924 (בְּהִילוּ)

H) elb (בלה BLH) AC: Wear CO: ? AB: Terror: A flowing away of function, life or strength.

V) elb (בלה BLH) - Wear Out: KJV (17): (vf: Paal, Piel) waxed old, old, consume, waste, enjoy - Strongs: H1086 (בָּלָה), H1089 (בָּלַהּ)

Nm) elb (בלה BLH) - Worn Out: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (6): old, wear out - Strongs: H1080 (בְּלָה), H1087 (בָּלֶה)

Nf1) eelb (בלהה BLHH) - Terror: A flowing away of the insides. KJV (10): terror - Strongs: H1091 (בַּלָּהָה)

J) lfb (בול BWL) AC: ? CO: Flood AB: ?: A large flowing of water. As the river rises and overflows its banks, the surrounding lands are flooded depositing the water for growing the crops.

Nm) lfb (בול BWL) - Food: The crops grown in the flood plains of rivers. KJV (2): food, stock - Strongs: H944 (בּוּל)

am) lfbm (מבול MBWL) - Flood: KJV (13): flood - Strongs: H3999 (מַבּוּל)

L) lbi (יבל YBL) AC: Flow CO: Stream AB: ?: A flowing of wealth, water or sound.

V) lbi (יבל YBL) - Flow: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (21): (vf: Hiphil, Hophal) carry, brought - Strongs: H2986 (יָבַל), H2987 (יְבַל)

Nm) lbi (יבל YBL) - Stream: A flowing body of water. KJV (2): stream, course - Strongs: H2988 (יָבָל)

Nf2) tlbi (יבלת YBLT) - Ulcer: A flowing lesion. KJV (1): wen - Strongs: H2990 (יַבֶּלֶת)

dm) lfbi (יבול YBWL) - Produce: The growth of fruits and crops from flooding waters. KJV (13): increase, fruit - Strongs: H2981 (יְבוּל)

gm) lbfi (יובל YWBL) - Trumpet: An instrument of flowing air to make a sound, also the horn of a ram used as a trumpet. KJV (27): jubilee, rams horn, trumpet - Strongs: H3104 (יֹבֵל)

om) lbfi (יובל YWBL) - Stream: A flowing body of water. KJV (1): river - Strongs: H3105 (יוּבַל)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. אָבֵל adjective mourning — ׳א Genesis 37:35; Esther 6:12; construct אֲבֶלֿ Psalm 35:14; אֲבֵלִים Job 29:25; Isaiah 61:2 etc.; — for dead Genesis 37:35, calamity Esther 6:12, compare figurative Lamentations 1:4 (predicate, inanimate subject), elsewhere as substantive mourner; singular Psalm 35:14 (construct) for dead ("" קדר); plural Job 29:25 absolute; for calamity Isaiah 57:18; Isaiah 61:2,3(where mourners for Zion, or of Zion, see Di).

II. אבל (perhaps grow green, compare grass; Lag BN 45 proposes withstand, hence אָבֵל as withstanding scorching sun (protected by trees, springs, etc.), hence also (Lag) camel). Etymologogical conjectures very dubious; connection (Lag.) of withstand, with herbage, forage (sometimes dry) improbable, and of latter with herd of camels obscure; √ meaning grow green unattested; Syriac , , Talmud יַבְלָא, Punic ιεβαλ, 'grass,' apparently = a specific kind of fodder, ἄγρωστις, see Löw No. 141 (GFM, privately).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אָבֵל Arab. أَبَلَ and أَبِلَ to be wet with moisture of grass, hence, Syr. ܝܺܒܶܠ grass. Cognate is the Hebrew בָּלַל, بَلَّ to moisten, to water. Hence is אָבֵל No. II.

I. אָבֵל adj., mourning (from the root אָבַל No. I), Genesis 37:35; Lamentations 1:4, דַּרְכֵי צִיּוֹן אֲבֵלוֹת “the ways to Zion mourn.” Const. state אֲבֶל, Psalms 35:14. P1. const. אֲבֵלֵי, Isaiah 61:3, with Tzere impure; compare Arab. أَبِيلُ.

II. אָבֵל (from אָבַל No. II), apparently a grassy place, a pasture, meadow; Arabic أَبَلُ fresh and long hay, sea weed. Used as an appellative, 1 Samuel 6:18, unless for אָבֵל הַגְּדֹלָה we should read אֶבֶן הַגְּדֹלָה, which is almost demanded by verses 14 1 Samuel 6:14, 15 1 Samuel 6:15, and is given by the LXX. and Syriac. It is of frequent use in geographical names

(a) אָבֵל בֵּית ־ מַעֲכָה [Abel Beth-Maachah], i.e. situated near Beth Maachah (which see); a town of Manasseh to the east of Jordan, at the foot of Mount Lebanon, 2 Samuel 20:14, 15 2 Samuel 20:15; 1 Kings 15:20; 2 Kings 15:29 elsewhere called אָבֵל־מַיִם, 2 Chronicles 16:4 compare 1 Kings 15:20, and simply אָבֵל, 2 Samuel 20:18.

(b) אָבֵל הַשִּׁטִּים (“the meadow of acacias”), [Abel-shittim], Numbers 33:49, a place situated in the plains of Moab; the same apparently, Numbers 25:1, Micah 6:5, is simply, called שִׁטִּים.

(c) אָבֵל כְּרָמִים (“meadow of the vineyards”), Judges 11:33, a village of the Ammonites, which is stated by Eusebius to have abounded in vines even in his time.

(d) אָבֵלּ מְחוֹלָה (“the meadow of dancing”), [Abel-meholah], a village of the tribe of Issachar, between Scythopolis and Neapolis, the birth-place of Elisha the prophet, Judges 7:22; 1 Kings 4:12, 19:16.

(e) אָבֵל מִצְרַיִם Genesis 50:11 (“meadow of the Egyptians”), [Abel-mizraim], the name of a threshing-floor situated near Jordan, which is so explained in the context, that the sacred writer appears to have read without the points, and pronounced it אֵבֶל מִצְרַיִם (mourning of the Egyptians). [But why may not אָבֵל be here taken in the sense of mourning;-mourner of Egypt?]

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List of Word Forms
אֲבֵל֗וֹת אֲבֵלִ֣ים אֲבֵלִֽים׃ אָבֵ֖ל אבל אבלות אבלים אבלים׃ וְלַאֲבֵלָֽיו׃ ולאבליו׃ כַּאֲבֶל־ כאבל־ לַאֲבֵלֵ֣י לאבלי ’ă·ḇê·lîm ’ă·ḇê·lō·wṯ ’ā·ḇêl ’āḇêl ’ăḇêlîm ’ăḇêlōwṯ aVel aveLim aveLot ka’ăḇel- ka·’ă·ḇel- kaavel la’ăḇêlê la·’ă·ḇê·lê laaveLei velaaveLav wə·la·’ă·ḇê·lāw wəla’ăḇêlāw
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