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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #08269 - שַׂר

Transliteration
śar
Phonetics
sar
Origin
from (H8323)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TWOT
2295a
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) prince, ruler, leader, chief, chieftain, official, captain

1a) chieftain, leader

1b) vassal, noble, official (under king)

1c) captain, general, commander (military)

1d) chief, head, overseer (of other official classes)

1e) heads, princes (of religious office)

1f) elders (of representative leaders of people)

1g) merchant-princes (of rank and dignity)

1h) patron-angel

1i) Ruler of rulers (of God)

1j) warden

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3175 ‑ μεγιστάν (meg‑is‑tan'‑es);  32 ‑ ἄγγελος (ang'‑el‑os);  747 ‑ ἀρχηγός (ar‑khay‑gos');  758 ‑ ἄρχων (ar'‑khone);  935 ‑ βασιλεύς (bas‑il‑yooce');  1240 ‑ διάδοχος (dee‑ad'‑okh‑os);  1413 ‑ δυνάστης (doo‑nas'‑tace);  1658 ‑ ἐλεύθερος (el‑yoo'‑ther‑os);  1741 ‑ ἔνδοξος (en'‑dox‑os);  1784 ‑ ἔντιμος (en'‑tee‑mos);  1988 ‑ ἐπιστάτης (ep‑is‑tat'‑ace);  2232 ‑ ἡγεμών (hayg‑em‑ohn');  2233 ‑ ἡγέομαι (hayg‑eh'‑om‑ahee);  3966 ‑ πατριάρχης (pat‑ree‑arkh'‑ace);  4755 ‑ στρατηγός (strat‑ay‑gos');  5015 ‑ ταράσσω (tar‑as'‑so);  5506 ‑ χιλίαρχος (khil‑ee'‑ar‑khos);  1543 ‑ ἑκατοντάρχης (hek‑at‑on‑tar'‑khace, hek‑at‑on‑tar'‑khos);  1543 ‑ ἑκατοντάρχης (hek‑at‑on‑tar'‑khace, hek‑at‑on‑tar'‑khos);  3966 ‑ πατριάρχης (pat‑ree‑arkh'‑ace);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (420)
Genesis
25
Exodus
10
Numbers
17
Deuteronomy
5
Joshua
2
Judges
9
1 Samuel
17
2 Samuel
15
1 Kings
25
2 Kings
25
1 Chronicles
47
2 Chronicles
51
Ezra
11
Nehemiah
17
Esther
15
Job
4
Psalms
9
Proverbs
3
Ecclesiastes
3
Isaiah
17
Jeremiah
56
Lamentations
4
Ezekiel
3
Daniel
17
Hosea
8
Amos
2
Micah
1
Zephaniah
2
NAS (409)
Genesis
25
Exodus
3
Numbers
17
Deuteronomy
2
Joshua
2
Judges
9
1 Samuel
16
2 Samuel
15
1 Kings
25
2 Kings
25
1 Chronicles
47
2 Chronicles
51
Ezra
11
Nehemiah
17
Esther
15
Job
4
Psalms
9
Proverbs
3
Ecclesiastes
3
Isaiah
17
Jeremiah
55
Lamentations
4
Ezekiel
3
Daniel
18
Hosea
8
Amos
2
Micah
1
Zephaniah
2
HCS (407)
Genesis
25
Exodus
4
Numbers
15
Deuteronomy
2
Joshua
2
Judges
9
1 Samuel
16
2 Samuel
14
1 Kings
25
2 Kings
25
1 Chronicles
47
2 Chronicles
51
Ezra
11
Nehemiah
17
Esther
15
Job
4
Psalms
9
Proverbs
3
Ecclesiastes
3
Isaiah
17
Jeremiah
55
Lamentations
4
Ezekiel
3
Daniel
18
Hosea
8
Amos
2
Micah
1
Zephaniah
2
BSB (422)
Genesis
26
Exodus
10
Numbers
17
Deuteronomy
5
Joshua
2
Judges
9
1 Samuel
17
2 Samuel
15
1 Kings
25
2 Kings
25
1 Chronicles
47
2 Chronicles
51
Ezra
11
Nehemiah
17
Esther
15
Job
4
Psalms
9
Proverbs
3
Ecclesiastes
3
Isaiah
17
Jeremiah
56
Lamentations
4
Ezekiel
3
Daniel
18
Hosea
8
Amos
2
Micah
1
Zephaniah
2
ESV (393)
Genesis
25
Numbers
17
Deuteronomy
4
Joshua
2
Judges
9
1 Samuel
17
2 Samuel
15
1 Kings
25
2 Kings
19
1 Chronicles
46
2 Chronicles
47
Ezra
11
Nehemiah
17
Esther
15
Job
4
Psalms
9
Proverbs
3
Ecclesiastes
3
Isaiah
12
Jeremiah
55
Lamentations
4
Ezekiel
3
Daniel
18
Hosea
8
Amos
2
Micah
1
Zephaniah
2
WEB (418)
Genesis
25
Exodus
9
Numbers
17
Deuteronomy
5
Joshua
2
Judges
9
1 Samuel
17
2 Samuel
15
1 Kings
25
2 Kings
23
1 Chronicles
46
2 Chronicles
52
Ezra
11
Nehemiah
17
Esther
15
Job
4
Psalms
9
Proverbs
3
Ecclesiastes
3
Isaiah
17
Jeremiah
56
Lamentations
4
Ezekiel
3
Daniel
18
Hosea
8
Amos
2
Micah
1
Zephaniah
2
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1342) rx (סר SR) AC: Rule CO: Ruler AB: Noble: The pictograph x is a picture of a thorn representing a turning, the r is a picture of a head. Combined these mean "turn the head". The turning of the head to another direction. One who rules turns the people to his direction. The turning the head of the child or student into a particular direction.

A) rx (סר SR) AC: Turn CO: Ruler AB: ?: The turning of another toward a direction.

Nm) rx (סר SR) - I. Noble:One who has authority. [df: rV]II. Heavy:The weight of responsibility on one in authority. KJV (424): prince, captain, chief, ruler, governor, keeper, principal, general, lord, heavy, sad - Strongs: H5620 (סַר), H8269 (שַׂר)

Nf1) erx (סרה SRH) - I. Noblewoman:A female of authority. [df: hrV]II. Turning:Usually as a revolt. KJV (13): lady, princess, queen - Strongs: H5627 (סָרָה), H8282 (שָׂרָה)

hf1) erxm (מסרה MSRH) - Government: A body of people who turns the head of the people through power and legislation. [df: hrVm] KJV (2): government - Strongs: H4951 (מִשְׂרָה)

mm ) nrx (סרנ SRN) - I. Lord:One who has authority. II. Axle:For the turning wheel. KJV (22): lord, axle - Strongs: H5633 (סֶרֶן)

acm) rfxm (מסור MSWR) - Saw: An instrument that cuts with a back and forth action. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (1): saw - Strongs: H4883 (מַשּׂוֹר)

B) rrx (סרר SRR) AC: Rule CO: ? AB: ?

V) rrx (סרר SRR) - I. Rule:To make others turn in the direction of the ruler. [df: rrV]II. Turn:To turn away from the correct path toward another direction. KJV (22): (vf: Paal) rule, prince, altogether, rebellious, stubborn, revolter, revolting, backslide, away, withdrew - Strongs: H5637 (סָרַר), H8323 (שָׂרַר)

C) rxa (אסר ASR) AC: Bind CO: ? AB: ?: The yoke is bound to the neck of the oxen and used by the driver to turn the head of the oxen. A yoke was also used for prisoners. A binding of someone or something to move it by force.

V) rxa (אסר ASR) - Bind: KJV (72): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Pual) bind, prison, tie, prisoner - Strongs: H631 (אָסַר)

Nm) rxa (אסר ASR) - Decree: A decree that binds others to the will of the ruler. [Aramaic only] KJV (7): decree - Strongs: H633 (אֱסָר)

bm) rixa (אסיר ASYR) - Prison: On who is bound. KJV (15): prisoner, bound - Strongs: H615 (אָסִיר), H616 (אַסִּיר)

cm) rfxa (אסור ASWR) - Bonds: A device for restraining a prisoner. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (6): band, prison, imprisonment - Strongs: H612 (אֵסוּר), H613 (אֱסוּר)

em) rxia (איסר AYSR) - Bond: KJV (11): bond, binding - Strongs: H632 (אֱסָר)

D) rax (סאר SAR) AC: Knead CO: Bread AB: ?: The twisting and turning of the bread.

cm) rfax (סאור SAWR) - Leaven: [df: raV] KJV (5): leaven - Strongs: H7603 (שְׂאֹר)

hf2 ) traxm (מסארת MSART) - Kneading-bowl: [df: trasm] KJV (4): kneadingtrough, store - Strongs: H4863 (מִשְׁאֶרֶת)

G) rex (סהר SHR) AC: ? CO: Ornament AB: ?

Nm ) rex (סהר SHR) - Round: Something that is round. KJV (1): round - Strongs: H5469 (סַהַר)

jm) nfrex (סהרונ SHRWN) - Ornament: A round object. [df: NrhV] KJV (3): ornament, moon - Strongs: H7720 (שַׂהֲרֹנִים)

H) erx (סרה SRH) AC: Turn CO: ? AB: ?

V) erx (סרה SRH) - Turn: To turn toward another direction, usually in a negative sense. [df: hrV] KJV (2): (vf: Paal) revolt, rebellion, turn away, wrong, stroke - Strongs: H8280 (שָׂרָה)

J) rfx (סור SWR) AC: Rule CO: ? AB: ?: One who turns the head of the people through power and legislation.

V) rfx (סור SWR) - I. Remove:In the sense of turning something away. [df: rwV]II. Rule:To turn the heads of the people. KJV (305): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hophal) away, depart, remove, aside, take, turn, take, go, put, eschew, reign, power, prince - Strongs: H5493 (שׂוּר), H7786 (שׂוּר), H7787 (שׂוּר)

Nm) rfx (סור SWR) - Degenerate: Something that is turned away. KJV (1): degenerate - Strongs: H5494 (סוּר)

af2) trfxm (מסורת MSWRT) - Bond: What binds one to someone or something. KJV (1): bond - Strongs: H4562 (מָסֹרֶת)

kf1) erfxm (מסורה MSWRH) - Quantity: A large amount. [Unknown connection to root;] [df: hrwVm] KJV (4): measure - Strongs: H4884 (מְשׂוּרָה)

L) rxi (יסר YSR) AC: Correct CO: ? AB: Instruction: The turning the head, through instruction or force, of the child or student into a particular direction.

V) rxi (יסר YSR) - Correct: To make a change in direction through instruction or chastisement. KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) chastise, instruct, correct, taught, bound, punish, reform, reprove - Strongs: H3256 (יָסַר)

am) rxfm (מוסר MWSR) - I. Instruction: II. Bond:What binds and restricts. KJV (62): instruction, band, bond - Strongs: H4561 (מֹסָר), H4147 (מֹסְרָה), H4148 (מוּסָר)

cm) rfxi (יסור YSWR) - Reprover: As a turning. KJV (1): instruct - Strongs: H3250 (יִסּוֹר)

dm) rfxi (יסור YSWR) - Depart: As a turning. KJV (1): depart - Strongs: H3249 (יָסוּר)

M) rix (סיר SYR) AC: ? CO: Pot AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root;]

Nm) rix (סיר SYR) - Pot: KJV (34): pot, caldron, thorn, pan - Strongs: H5518 (סִרָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שַׂר pl. שָׂרִים (from the root שָׂרַר) m.

(1)  leader, commander, especially of soldiers, Genesis 21:22; Job 39:25 of a royal body-guard, Genesis 37:36 of cupbearers, 40:9 of a city, 1 Kings 22:26 of a prison, Genesis 39:21, 22 Genesis 39:22 but שָׂרֵי מִקְנֶה rulers over cattle, Genesis 47:6.

(2) prince, Exodus 2:14; Isaiah 23:8 plur. nobles, courtiers, Genesis 12:15. Poet. שָׂרֵי קֹדֶשׁ used of the priests, Isaiah 43:28 שַׂר שָׂרִים of God [Christ], Daniel 8:25. In the book of Daniel (10:13, 20 Daniel 10:20), the princes of angels, i.e. the archangels interceding with God [?] for particular nations, οἱ ἑπτὰ ἄγγελοι, οἳ ἐνώπιον τοῦ θεοῦ ἑστήκασι [?], Revelation 8:2. Fem. is שָׂרָה, which see.

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List of Word Forms
אָ֑לֶף אלף בְּשָׂרִֽים׃ בשרים׃ הַשַּׂ֖ר הַשַּׂ֣ר הַשַּׂ֥ר הַשָּֽׂר׃ הַשָּׂ֑ר הַשָּׂ֔ר הַשָּׂ֖ר הַשָּׂרִ֑ים הַשָּׂרִ֔ים הַשָּׂרִ֖ים הַשָּׂרִ֛ים הַשָּׂרִ֜ים הַשָּׂרִ֞ים הַשָּׂרִ֣ים הַשָּׂרִ֤ים הַשָּׂרִ֥ים הַשָּׂרִ֨ים הַשָּׂרִֽים׃ הַשָּׂרִים֙ הַשָּׂרִים֮ השר השר׃ השרים השרים׃ וְהַ֨שָּׂרִ֔ים וְהַשָּׂרִ֑ים וְהַשָּׂרִ֔ים וְהַשָּׂרִ֖ים וְהַשָּׂרִ֞ים וְהַשָּׂרִ֣ים וְהַשָּׂרִ֤ים וְהַשָּׂרִ֥ים וְהַשָּׂרִים֙ וְלַשָּׂרִ֖ים וְשַׂ֣ר ׀ וְשַׂר־ וְשָׂ֔ר וְשָׂ֣רֵיהֶ֔ם וְשָׂרִ֖ים וְשָׂרִ֛ים וְשָׂרִ֡ים וְשָׂרִֽים׃ וְשָׂרֵ֔ינוּ וְשָׂרֵ֣י וְשָׂרֵ֣י ׀ וְשָׂרֵ֤י וְשָׂרֵ֥י וְשָׂרֵ֨י וְשָׂרֵֽי־ וְשָׂרֵיכֶ֖ם וְשָׂרֶ֤יהָ וְשָׂרֶֽיהָ׃ וְשָׂרַ֖יִךְ וְשָׂרַ֙יִךְ֙ וְשָׂרַ֤י וְשָׂרָ֑יו וְשָׂרָ֔יו וְשָׂרָ֖יו וְשָׂרָ֗יו וְשָׂרָ֛יו וְשָׂרָ֞יו וְשָׂרָ֣יו וּלְשָׂ֑ר וּלְשָׂרִ֖ים וּלְשָׂרֵ֖י וּלְשָׂרֵ֣י וּלְשָׂרֵ֤י והשרים ולשר ולשרי ולשרים ושר ושר־ ושרי ושרי־ ושריה ושריה׃ ושריהם ושריו ושריך ושריכם ושרים ושרים׃ ושרינו לְ֝שָׂרִ֗ים לְשַׂ֣ר לְשַׂר־ לְשָׂ֑ר לְשָׂרֵ֖ינוּ לְשָׂרֵ֣י לְשָׂרֵ֤י לְשָׂרֵ֧ינוּ לְשָׂרֵֽי־ לְשָׂרֵי֩ לְשָׂרֶ֔יהָ לְשָׂרָיו֙ לשר לשר־ לשרי לשרי־ לשריה לשריו לשרים לשרינו מִשַּׂ֣ר מִשָּׂרֵ֖י מִשָּׂרֵ֤י מִשָּׂרֵ֥י מִשָּׂרֵ֨י משר משרי רים רינו שַֽׂר־ שַׂ֕ר שַׂ֖ר שַׂ֣ר שַׂ֤ר שַׂ֥ר שַׂרְכֶֽם׃ שַׂר־ שָֽׂרֵי־ שָֽׂרֵיהֶ֔ם שָׂ֔ר שָׂ֝רִ֗ים שָׂ֝רִים שָׂ֠רֵינוּ שָׂ֣רֵי שָׂ֤רֵי שָׂ֥רֵי שָׂ֭רִים שָׂרִ֔ים שָׂרִ֖ים שָׂרִ֗ים שָׂרִ֣ים שָׂרִֽים׃ שָׂרִים֙ שָׂרֵ֖י שָׂרֵ֖ינוּ שָׂרֵ֙ינוּ֙ שָׂרֵ֣י שָׂרֵ֣י ׀ שָׂרֵ֤י שָׂרֵ֥י שָׂרֵ֥ינוּ שָׂרֵ֧י שָׂרֵ֨י שָׂרֵֽי־ שָׂרֵי֙ שָׂרֵי֩ שָׂרֵיהֶ֑ם שָׂרֵיהֶ֖ם שָׂרֶ֑יהָ שָׂרֶ֔יהָ שָׂרֶ֖יהָ שָׂרֶ֗יהָ שָׂרֶ֛יהָ שָׂרֶ֣יהָ שָׂרֶ֨יהָ שָׂרַ֛י שָׂרַ֣יִךְ שָׂרָ֑יו שָׂרָ֔יו שָׂרָ֖יו שָׂרָ֗יו שָׂרָ֣יו שָׂרָיו֙ שָׂרָיו֩ שר שר־ שרי שרי־ שריה שריהם שריו שריך שרים שרים׃ שרינו שרכם׃ ’ā·lep̄ ’ālep̄ Alef bə·śā·rîm besaRim bəśārîm haś·śā·rîm haś·śar haś·śār hasSar haśśar haśśār hassaRim haśśārîm lə·śā·rāw lə·śā·rê lə·śā·rê- lə·śā·re·hā lə·śā·rê·nū lə·śā·rîm lə·śar lə·śār lə·śar- leSar ləśar ləśār ləśar- lesaRav ləśārāw ləśārê ləśārê- ləśārehā lesaRei lesaReiha lesaReinu ləśārênū lesaRim ləśārîm miś·śā·rê miś·śar misSar miśśar miśśārê missaRei rê·nū reinu rênū rim rîm śā·ra·yiḵ śā·rāw śā·ray śā·rê śā·rê- śā·re·hā śā·rê·hem śā·rê·nū śā·rîm sar śar śār śar- śar·ḵem saRai saRav śārāw śāray saRayich śārayiḵ sarChem śārê śārê- śārehā śārêhem saRei saReiha sareiHem saReinu śārênū saRim śārîm śarḵem ū·lə·śā·rê ū·lə·śā·rîm ū·lə·śār uleSar ūləśār ūləśārê ulesaRei ulesaRim ūləśārîm vehassaRim velassaRim vesar vesaRai vesaRav vesaRayich vesaRei vesareiChem vesaReiha veSareiHem vesaReinu vesaRim wə·haś·śā·rîm wə·laś·śā·rîm wə·śā·ra·yiḵ wə·śā·rāw wə·śā·ray wə·śā·rê wə·śā·rê- wə·śā·re·hā wə·śā·rê·hem wə·śā·rê·ḵem wə·śā·rê·nū wə·śā·rîm wə·śar wə·śār wə·śar- wəhaśśārîm wəlaśśārîm wəśar wəśār wəśar- wəśārāw wəśāray wəśārayiḵ wəśārê wəśārê- wəśārehā wəśārêhem wəśārêḵem wəśārênū wəśārîm
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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