Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, July 21st, 2024
the Week of Proper 11 / Ordinary 16
Partner with StudyLight.org as God uses us to make a difference for those displaced by Russia's war on Ukraine.
Click to donate today!

Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #5494 - סוּר

from (H5493)
Parts of Speech
Search for…
Browse by letter:
Prev Entry
Next Entry
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

  1. degenerate

Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (1)
Jeremiah 1
BSB (2)
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 1
CSB (3)
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
ESV (0)
The English Standard Version
did not use
this Strong's Number
KJV (1)
Jeremiah 1
LEB (1)
Jeremiah 1
LSB (0)
The Legacy Standard Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
N95 (0)
The New American Standard Bible (1995)
did not use
this Strong's Number
NAS (0)
The New American Standard Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
NLT (0)
The World English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
WEB (1)
Jeremiah 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1342) rx (סר SR) AC: Rule CO: Ruler AB: Noble: The pictograph x is a picture of a thorn representing a turning, the r is a picture of a head. Combined these mean "turn the head". The turning of the head to another direction. One who rules turns the people to his direction. The turning the head of the child or student into a particular direction.

A) rx (סר SR) AC: Turn CO: Ruler AB: ?: The turning of another toward a direction.

Nm) rx (סר SR) - I. Noble:One who has authority. [df: rV]II. Heavy:The weight of responsibility on one in authority. KJV (424): prince, captain, chief, ruler, governor, keeper, principal, general, lord, heavy, sad - Strongs: H5620 (סַר), H8269 (שַׂר)

Nf1) erx (סרה SRH) - I. Noblewoman:A female of authority. [df: hrV]II. Turning:Usually as a revolt. KJV (13): lady, princess, queen - Strongs: H5627 (סָרָה), H8282 (שָׂרָה)

hf1) erxm (מסרה MSRH) - Government: A body of people who turns the head of the people through power and legislation. [df: hrVm] KJV (2): government - Strongs: H4951 (מִשְׂרָה)

mm ) nrx (סרנ SRN) - I. Lord:One who has authority. II. Axle:For the turning wheel. KJV (22): lord, axle - Strongs: H5633 (סֶרֶן)

acm) rfxm (מסור MSWR) - Saw: An instrument that cuts with a back and forth action. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (1): saw - Strongs: H4883 (מַשּׂוֹר)

B) rrx (סרר SRR) AC: Rule CO: ? AB: ?

V) rrx (סרר SRR) - I. Rule:To make others turn in the direction of the ruler. [df: rrV]II. Turn:To turn away from the correct path toward another direction. KJV (22): (vf: Paal) rule, prince, altogether, rebellious, stubborn, revolter, revolting, backslide, away, withdrew - Strongs: H5637 (סָרַר), H8323 (שָׂרַר)

C) rxa (אסר ASR) AC: Bind CO: ? AB: ?: The yoke is bound to the neck of the oxen and used by the driver to turn the head of the oxen. A yoke was also used for prisoners. A binding of someone or something to move it by force.

V) rxa (אסר ASR) - Bind: KJV (72): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Pual) bind, prison, tie, prisoner - Strongs: H631 (אָסַר)

Nm) rxa (אסר ASR) - Decree: A decree that binds others to the will of the ruler. [Aramaic only] KJV (7): decree - Strongs: H633 (אֱסָר)

bm) rixa (אסיר ASYR) - Prison: On who is bound. KJV (15): prisoner, bound - Strongs: H615 (אָסִיר), H616 (אַסִּיר)

cm) rfxa (אסור ASWR) - Bonds: A device for restraining a prisoner. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (6): band, prison, imprisonment - Strongs: H612 (אֵסוּר), H613 (אֱסוּר)

em) rxia (איסר AYSR) - Bond: KJV (11): bond, binding - Strongs: H632 (אֱסָר)

D) rax (סאר SAR) AC: Knead CO: Bread AB: ?: The twisting and turning of the bread.

cm) rfax (סאור SAWR) - Leaven: [df: raV] KJV (5): leaven - Strongs: H7603 (שְׂאֹר)

hf2 ) traxm (מסארת MSART) - Kneading-bowl: [df: trasm] KJV (4): kneadingtrough, store - Strongs: H4863 (מִשְׁאֶרֶת)

G) rex (סהר SHR) AC: ? CO: Ornament AB: ?

Nm ) rex (סהר SHR) - Round: Something that is round. KJV (1): round - Strongs: H5469 (סַהַר)

jm) nfrex (סהרונ SHRWN) - Ornament: A round object. [df: NrhV] KJV (3): ornament, moon - Strongs: H7720 (שַׂהֲרֹנִים)

H) erx (סרה SRH) AC: Turn CO: ? AB: ?

V) erx (סרה SRH) - Turn: To turn toward another direction, usually in a negative sense. [df: hrV] KJV (2): (vf: Paal) revolt, rebellion, turn away, wrong, stroke - Strongs: H8280 (שָׂרָה)

J) rfx (סור SWR) AC: Rule CO: ? AB: ?: One who turns the head of the people through power and legislation.

V) rfx (סור SWR) - I. Remove:In the sense of turning something away. [df: rwV]II. Rule:To turn the heads of the people. KJV (305): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hophal) away, depart, remove, aside, take, turn, take, go, put, eschew, reign, power, prince - Strongs: H5493 (שׂוּר), H7786 (שׂוּר), H7787 (שׂוּר)

Nm) rfx (סור SWR) - Degenerate: Something that is turned away. KJV (1): degenerate - Strongs: H5494 (סוּר)

af2) trfxm (מסורת MSWRT) - Bond: What binds one to someone or something. KJV (1): bond - Strongs: H4562 (מָסֹרֶת)

kf1) erfxm (מסורה MSWRH) - Quantity: A large amount. [Unknown connection to root;] [df: hrwVm] KJV (4): measure - Strongs: H4884 (מְשׂוּרָה)

L) rxi (יסר YSR) AC: Correct CO: ? AB: Instruction: The turning the head, through instruction or force, of the child or student into a particular direction.

V) rxi (יסר YSR) - Correct: To make a change in direction through instruction or chastisement. KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) chastise, instruct, correct, taught, bound, punish, reform, reprove - Strongs: H3256 (יָסַר)

am) rxfm (מוסר MWSR) - I. Instruction: II. Bond:What binds and restricts. KJV (62): instruction, band, bond - Strongs: H4561 (מֹסָר), H4147 (מֹסְרָה), H4148 (מוּסָר)

cm) rfxi (יסור YSWR) - Reprover: As a turning. KJV (1): instruct - Strongs: H3250 (יִסּוֹר)

dm) rfxi (יסור YSWR) - Depart: As a turning. KJV (1): depart - Strongs: H3249 (יָסוּר)

M) rix (סיר SYR) AC: ? CO: Pot AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root;]

Nm) rix (סיר SYR) - Pot: KJV (34): pot, caldron, thorn, pan - Strongs: H5518 (סִרָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

סוּר fut. יָסוּר, with ו convers. וַיָּסַר.

(1) to turn aside, to go away, to depart, e.g. from a way, followed by מִן Exodus 32:8; Deuteronomy 9:12; 1 Kings 22:43 מֵעַל Numbers 12:10, 14:9. Specially these expressions should be observed

(a) to depart from God, i.e. to turn away from his worship, followed by מֵאַחֲרֵי 1 Samuel 12:20; 2 Kings 10:29, 18:6 2 Chronicles 25:27 מֵעַל Ezekiel 6:9 מִן Jeremiah 17:5 followed by בְּ in a pregnant sense, to turn aside (from God), and to be turned against him (as if more fully expressed סוּר וּמָרֹה בְ), Hosea 7:14. On the contrary

(b) God is said to depart from any one, i.e. to give him up, leave him destitute, followed by מִן 1 Samuel 28:15, 16 1 Samuel 28:16; Judges 16:20 in like manner the Spirit of God is said to depart from any one (1 Samuel 16:14); strength (Judges 16:17 ); dominion (Genesis 49:10), i.e. to desert him, to leave him destitute; followed by מִן Gen. Judges 1:1. c. c.; מֵעִים 1 Sa. loc. cit. Poet., Proverbs 11:22, “a fair woman סָרַת טַעַם from whom understanding has departed,” void of understanding.

(c) to depart from the law, followed by מִן Deuteronomy 17:20, 28:14 Joshua 23:6; Daniel 9:5, 11 Psalms 119:102 followed by an acc. (to violate a law), 2 Chronicles 8:15 from the path of rectitude, Isaiah 30:11 from sins, followed by מֵעַלּ 2 Kings 10:31 from evil (i.e. to avoid evil), Job 1:1.

(d) to withdraw from calamity, i.q. to escape it (entweichen, entkommen). Job 15:30, “he shall not depart out of darkness,” he shall not be able to escape from calamity. LXX. οὐδὲ μὴ ἐκφύγῃ σκότος.

Absolutely, those are sometimes said to have departed

(α) who have turned away from God, are become degenerate (compare above, letter c), Deuteronomy 11:16; Psalms 14:3 Jerem. 5:23 Daniel 9:11.

(β) things which have passed away. 1 Samuel 15:32, “the bitterness of death has turned aside;” i.e. has passed away. Hosea 4:18.

(γ) things which are taken away, removed. 1 Kings 15:14, “and the high places did not turn aside;” were not taken away. 22:44 2 Kings 12:4, 14:4 15:4 Job 15:30.

(2) to draw near to any person or thing (turning from the way), constr. absol. Exodus 3:3, אָסֻרָה־נָּא וְאֶרְאֶה “let me now draw near and see;” verse Ruth 4:1 followed by עַל of person, 1 Kings 22:32 followed by אֶל it is, to turn in unto (einkehren) any one, Judges 4:18; Genesis 19:3 אֶל־בֵּית into any one’s house, ibid.; verse 2; also followed by ־ָה local, as סוּר שָׁמָּה to turn in thither, 2 Kings 4:8, 10 2 Kings 4:10; Judges 18:3, 15 Judges 18:15סוּר הֵנָּה to turn in hither, Proverbs 9:4, 16. Absol. to have access to any one, 1 Samuel 22:14.

Hiphil, הֵסִיר, fut. יָסִיר, with ו convers. וַיָּסַר (this form can only be distinguished by the sense from the fut. Kal).

(1) to cause to depart, i.e.

(a) to remove; e.g. those who had familiar spirits, 1 Samuel 28:3 any one from ruling, 2 Chronicles 15:16 out of one’s sight, 2 Kings 23:27 more often used of things, e.g. to take away the high places, 2 Kings 18:4; Isaiah 36:7 the covering of a ship [the ark], Genesis 8:13 any one’s head (to behead), 1 Samuel 17:46; 2 Samuel 5:6, 16:9 garments (i.e. to lay aside), Genesis 38:14 reproach, dishonour, 1 Samuel 17:26 the right of any one (i.e. to deprive of), Job 27:2, 34:5, etc.

(b) followed by מֵאַחֲרֵי to turn away any one from the worship of God, Deuteronomy 7:4.

(c) to recall one’s words, Isaiah 31:2.

(2) followed by אֵלָיו to cause to turn aside to oneself, to bring to oneself, 2 Samuel 6:10.

Hophal הוּסַר to be removed, Levit. 4:31 Daniel 12:11. Isaiah 17:1, דַּמֶּשֶׂק מוּסָר מֵעִיר “Damascus shall be removed (i.e. taken away) from amongst cities;” compare מִן No. 5.

Pilel סוֹרֵר causat. of Kal 1, let. c, to cause to depart, used of a way; i.e. to turn it aside from what is right and true, Lamentations 3:11 (compare verse ).

Hence סָרָה, יָסוּר, pr.n. סִרָה and


(1) part. pass. i.q. מוּסָר removed, expelled (compare 1 Samuel 28:3). Isaiah 49:21, גֹּלָה וְסוּרָה “an exile and expelled.” Jeremiah 17:13 קרי, סוּרַי “those who are removed from me,” i.e. who have departed.

(2) a degenerate branch or shoot; compare the root No. 1, α. Jerem. 2:21, סוּרֵי הַגֶּפֶן נָכְרִיָּה “the degenerate branches of a strange vine.”

(3) [Sur], pr.n. of a gate of the temple; only found 2 Kings 11:6 for which, in a similar passage, 2 Chronicles 23:5, there is שַׁעַר הַיְסוֹד the gate of the foundation.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
סוּרֵ֖י סורי sū·rê sūrê suRei
Ads FreeProfile