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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #5633 - סֶרֶן

Root Word (Etymology)
from an unused root of uncertain meaning
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
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  1. lord, ruler, tyrant
  2. axle
Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 758 ‑ ἄρχων (ar'‑khone);  4755 ‑ στρατηγός (strat‑ay‑gos');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (22)
Joshua 1
Judges 8
1 Samuel 11
1 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
N95 (0)
CSB (22)
Joshua 1
Judges 8
1 Samuel 11
1 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
BSB (22)
Joshua 1
Judges 8
1 Samuel 11
1 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
ESV (20)
Joshua 1
Judges 8
1 Samuel 9
1 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
WEB (22)
Joshua 1
Judges 8
1 Samuel 11
1 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1342) rx (סר SR) AC: Rule CO: Ruler AB: Noble: The pictograph x is a picture of a thorn representing a turning, the r is a picture of a head. Combined these mean "turn the head". The turning of the head to another direction. One who rules turns the people to his direction. The turning the head of the child or student into a particular direction.

A) rx (סר SR) AC: Turn CO: Ruler AB: ?: The turning of another toward a direction.

Nm) rx (סר SR) - I. Noble:One who has authority. [df: rV]II. Heavy:The weight of responsibility on one in authority. KJV (424): prince, captain, chief, ruler, governor, keeper, principal, general, lord, heavy, sad - Strongs: H5620 (סַר), H8269 (שַׂר)

Nf1) erx (סרה SRH) - I. Noblewoman:A female of authority. [df: hrV]II. Turning:Usually as a revolt. KJV (13): lady, princess, queen - Strongs: H5627 (סָרָה), H8282 (שָׂרָה)

hf1) erxm (מסרה MSRH) - Government: A body of people who turns the head of the people through power and legislation. [df: hrVm] KJV (2): government - Strongs: H4951 (מִשְׂרָה)

mm ) nrx (סרנ SRN) - I. Lord:One who has authority. II. Axle:For the turning wheel. KJV (22): lord, axle - Strongs: H5633 (סֶרֶן)

acm) rfxm (מסור MSWR) - Saw: An instrument that cuts with a back and forth action. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (1): saw - Strongs: H4883 (מַשּׂוֹר)

B) rrx (סרר SRR) AC: Rule CO: ? AB: ?

V) rrx (סרר SRR) - I. Rule:To make others turn in the direction of the ruler. [df: rrV]II. Turn:To turn away from the correct path toward another direction. KJV (22): (vf: Paal) rule, prince, altogether, rebellious, stubborn, revolter, revolting, backslide, away, withdrew - Strongs: H5637 (סָרַר), H8323 (שָׂרַר)

C) rxa (אסר ASR) AC: Bind CO: ? AB: ?: The yoke is bound to the neck of the oxen and used by the driver to turn the head of the oxen. A yoke was also used for prisoners. A binding of someone or something to move it by force.

V) rxa (אסר ASR) - Bind: KJV (72): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Pual) bind, prison, tie, prisoner - Strongs: H631 (אָסַר)

Nm) rxa (אסר ASR) - Decree: A decree that binds others to the will of the ruler. [Aramaic only] KJV (7): decree - Strongs: H633 (אֱסָר)

bm) rixa (אסיר ASYR) - Prison: On who is bound. KJV (15): prisoner, bound - Strongs: H615 (אָסִיר), H616 (אַסִּיר)

cm) rfxa (אסור ASWR) - Bonds: A device for restraining a prisoner. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (6): band, prison, imprisonment - Strongs: H612 (אֵסוּר), H613 (אֱסוּר)

em) rxia (איסר AYSR) - Bond: KJV (11): bond, binding - Strongs: H632 (אֱסָר)

D) rax (סאר SAR) AC: Knead CO: Bread AB: ?: The twisting and turning of the bread.

cm) rfax (סאור SAWR) - Leaven: [df: raV] KJV (5): leaven - Strongs: H7603 (שְׂאֹר)

hf2 ) traxm (מסארת MSART) - Kneading-bowl: [df: trasm] KJV (4): kneadingtrough, store - Strongs: H4863 (מִשְׁאֶרֶת)

G) rex (סהר SHR) AC: ? CO: Ornament AB: ?

Nm ) rex (סהר SHR) - Round: Something that is round. KJV (1): round - Strongs: H5469 (סַהַר)

jm) nfrex (סהרונ SHRWN) - Ornament: A round object. [df: NrhV] KJV (3): ornament, moon - Strongs: H7720 (שַׂהֲרֹנִים)

H) erx (סרה SRH) AC: Turn CO: ? AB: ?

V) erx (סרה SRH) - Turn: To turn toward another direction, usually in a negative sense. [df: hrV] KJV (2): (vf: Paal) revolt, rebellion, turn away, wrong, stroke - Strongs: H8280 (שָׂרָה)

J) rfx (סור SWR) AC: Rule CO: ? AB: ?: One who turns the head of the people through power and legislation.

V) rfx (סור SWR) - I. Remove:In the sense of turning something away. [df: rwV]II. Rule:To turn the heads of the people. KJV (305): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hophal) away, depart, remove, aside, take, turn, take, go, put, eschew, reign, power, prince - Strongs: H5493 (שׂוּר), H7786 (שׂוּר), H7787 (שׂוּר)

Nm) rfx (סור SWR) - Degenerate: Something that is turned away. KJV (1): degenerate - Strongs: H5494 (סוּר)

af2) trfxm (מסורת MSWRT) - Bond: What binds one to someone or something. KJV (1): bond - Strongs: H4562 (מָסֹרֶת)

kf1) erfxm (מסורה MSWRH) - Quantity: A large amount. [Unknown connection to root;] [df: hrwVm] KJV (4): measure - Strongs: H4884 (מְשׂוּרָה)

L) rxi (יסר YSR) AC: Correct CO: ? AB: Instruction: The turning the head, through instruction or force, of the child or student into a particular direction.

V) rxi (יסר YSR) - Correct: To make a change in direction through instruction or chastisement. KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) chastise, instruct, correct, taught, bound, punish, reform, reprove - Strongs: H3256 (יָסַר)

am) rxfm (מוסר MWSR) - I. Instruction: II. Bond:What binds and restricts. KJV (62): instruction, band, bond - Strongs: H4561 (מֹסָר), H4147 (מֹסְרָה), H4148 (מוּסָר)

cm) rfxi (יסור YSWR) - Reprover: As a turning. KJV (1): instruct - Strongs: H3250 (יִסּוֹר)

dm) rfxi (יסור YSWR) - Depart: As a turning. KJV (1): depart - Strongs: H3249 (יָסוּר)

M) rix (סיר SYR) AC: ? CO: Pot AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root;]

Nm) rix (סיר SYR) - Pot: KJV (34): pot, caldron, thorn, pan - Strongs: H5518 (סִרָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [סֶ֫רֶן]21 noun masculine tyrant, lord (Philistine loan-word); — plural absolute הַסְּרָנִים Judges 16:30 2t.; construct סַרְנֵי Judges 3:3 16t.; suffix סַרְנֵיכֶם 1 Samuel 6:4; — only of tyrants, lords of the Philistines, five in number Judges 3:3; Joshua 13:3 (D), 1 Samuel 6:16,18 compare 1 Samuel 6:4, i.e. apparently, one ruling each of the five cities (named 1 Samuel 6:17); without the numeral Judges 16:5 6t. Judges 16; 1 Samuel 5:8 7t. 1Samuel; + 1 Chronicles 12:20 (Bear Ginsb; v. 1 Chronicles 12:19 van d. H.).

II. [סֶ֫רֶן] noun [masculine] axle (Aramaic ; √ unknown); — סַרְנֵי נְחשֶׁת 1 Kings 7:30 axles of brass (ᵐ5 τὰ προσέχοντα, ᵑ9 axes).

[סַרְעַמָּה] see סעף. סרף see שׂרף.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

סֶרֶן only in plur. סְרָנִים, סַרְנֵי

(1)  axles of a chariot, 1 Kings 7:30 (Syr. ܣܰܪܢܐܳ id.) The origin is doubtful.

(2) princes (compare قُطْبُ an axis, a pole; metaph. a prince, as if a hinge of the people), a word only applied to the five princes of the Philistines, Joshua 13:3; Judges 3:3, 16:5, seq.; 1 Samuel 6:4, seq.; 5:8, seq.; 29:6.

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List of Word Forms
הַסְּרָנִ֔ים הַסְּרָנִ֖ים הסרנים וְסַרְנֵ֣י וְסַרְנֵ֤י וּלְסַרְנֵיכֶֽם׃ ולסרניכם׃ וסרני לְסַרְנֵ֨י לסרני סַרְנֵ֣י סַרְנֵ֤י סַרְנֵ֥י סַרְנֵ֨י סַרְנֵֽי־ סרני סרני־ has·sə·rā·nîm hasseraNim hassərānîm lə·sar·nê ləsarnê lesarNei sar·nê sar·nê- sarnê sarnê- sarNei ū·lə·sar·nê·ḵem ulesarneiChem ūləsarnêḵem vesarNei wə·sar·nê wəsarnê
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