the Fifth Week of Lent
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #7786 - שׂוּר
1) to be or act as prince, rule, contend, have power, prevail over
1a) (Qal) to rule over, govern
1b) (Hiphil) to make rulers, play the prince
1342) rx (סר SR) AC: Rule CO: Ruler AB: Noble: The pictograph x is a picture of a thorn representing a turning, the r is a picture of a head. Combined these mean "turn the head". The turning of the head to another direction. One who rules turns the people to his direction. The turning the head of the child or student into a particular direction.
A) rx (סר SR) AC: Turn CO: Ruler AB: ?: The turning of another toward a direction.
Nm) rx (סר SR) - I. Noble:One who has authority. [df: rV]II. Heavy:The weight of responsibility on one in authority. KJV (424): prince, captain, chief, ruler, governor, keeper, principal, general, lord, heavy, sad - Strongs: H5620 (סַר), H8269 (שַׂר)
Nf1) erx (סרה SRH) - I. Noblewoman:A female of authority. [df: hrV]II. Turning:Usually as a revolt. KJV (13): lady, princess, queen - Strongs: H5627 (סָרָה), H8282 (שָׂרָה)
hf1) erxm (מסרה MSRH) - Government: A body of people who turns the head of the people through power and legislation. [df: hrVm] KJV (2): government - Strongs: H4951 (מִשְׂרָה)
mm ) nrx (סרנ SRN) - I. Lord:One who has authority. II. Axle:For the turning wheel. KJV (22): lord, axle - Strongs: H5633 (סֶרֶן)
acm) rfxm (מסור MSWR) - Saw: An instrument that cuts with a back and forth action. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (1): saw - Strongs: H4883 (מַשּׂוֹר)
B) rrx (סרר SRR) AC: Rule CO: ? AB: ?
V) rrx (סרר SRR) - I. Rule:To make others turn in the direction of the ruler. [df: rrV]II. Turn:To turn away from the correct path toward another direction. KJV (22): (vf: Paal) rule, prince, altogether, rebellious, stubborn, revolter, revolting, backslide, away, withdrew - Strongs: H5637 (סָרַר), H8323 (שָׂרַר)
C) rxa (אסר ASR) AC: Bind CO: ? AB: ?: The yoke is bound to the neck of the oxen and used by the driver to turn the head of the oxen. A yoke was also used for prisoners. A binding of someone or something to move it by force.
V) rxa (אסר ASR) - Bind: KJV (72): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Pual) bind, prison, tie, prisoner - Strongs: H631 (אָסַר)
Nm) rxa (אסר ASR) - Decree: A decree that binds others to the will of the ruler. [Aramaic only] KJV (7): decree - Strongs: H633 (אֱסָר)
bm) rixa (אסיר ASYR) - Prison: On who is bound. KJV (15): prisoner, bound - Strongs: H615 (אָסִיר), H616 (אַסִּיר)
cm) rfxa (אסור ASWR) - Bonds: A device for restraining a prisoner. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (6): band, prison, imprisonment - Strongs: H612 (אֵסוּר), H613 (אֱסוּר)
em) rxia (איסר AYSR) - Bond: KJV (11): bond, binding - Strongs: H632 (אֱסָר)
D) rax (סאר SAR) AC: Knead CO: Bread AB: ?: The twisting and turning of the bread.
cm) rfax (סאור SAWR) - Leaven: [df: raV] KJV (5): leaven - Strongs: H7603 (שְׂאֹר)
hf2 ) traxm (מסארת MSART) - Kneading-bowl: [df: trasm] KJV (4): kneadingtrough, store - Strongs: H4863 (מִשְׁאֶרֶת)
G) rex (סהר SHR) AC: ? CO: Ornament AB: ?
Nm ) rex (סהר SHR) - Round: Something that is round. KJV (1): round - Strongs: H5469 (סַהַר)
jm) nfrex (סהרונ SHRWN) - Ornament: A round object. [df: NrhV] KJV (3): ornament, moon - Strongs: H7720 (שַׂהֲרֹנִים)
H) erx (סרה SRH) AC: Turn CO: ? AB: ?
V) erx (סרה SRH) - Turn: To turn toward another direction, usually in a negative sense. [df: hrV] KJV (2): (vf: Paal) revolt, rebellion, turn away, wrong, stroke - Strongs: H8280 (שָׂרָה)
J) rfx (סור SWR) AC: Rule CO: ? AB: ?: One who turns the head of the people through power and legislation.
V) rfx (סור SWR) - I. Remove:In the sense of turning something away. [df: rwV]II. Rule:To turn the heads of the people. KJV (305): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hophal) away, depart, remove, aside, take, turn, take, go, put, eschew, reign, power, prince - Strongs: H5493 (שׂוּר), H7786 (שׂוּר), H7787 (שׂוּר)
Nm) rfx (סור SWR) - Degenerate: Something that is turned away. KJV (1): degenerate - Strongs: H5494 (סוּר)
af2) trfxm (מסורת MSWRT) - Bond: What binds one to someone or something. KJV (1): bond - Strongs: H4562 (מָסֹרֶת)
kf1) erfxm (מסורה MSWRH) - Quantity: A large amount. [Unknown connection to root;] [df: hrwVm] KJV (4): measure - Strongs: H4884 (מְשׂוּרָה)
L) rxi (יסר YSR) AC: Correct CO: ? AB: Instruction: The turning the head, through instruction or force, of the child or student into a particular direction.
V) rxi (יסר YSR) - Correct: To make a change in direction through instruction or chastisement. KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) chastise, instruct, correct, taught, bound, punish, reform, reprove - Strongs: H3256 (יָסַר)
am) rxfm (מוסר MWSR) - I. Instruction: II. Bond:What binds and restricts. KJV (62): instruction, band, bond - Strongs: H4561 (מֹסָר), H4147 (מֹסְרָה), H4148 (מוּסָר)
cm) rfxi (יסור YSWR) - Reprover: As a turning. KJV (1): instruct - Strongs: H3250 (יִסּוֹר)
dm) rfxi (יסור YSWR) - Depart: As a turning. KJV (1): depart - Strongs: H3249 (יָסוּר)
M) rix (סיר SYR) AC: ? CO: Pot AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root;]
Nm) rix (סיר SYR) - Pot: KJV (34): pot, caldron, thorn, pan - Strongs: H5518 (סִרָה)
- A2345 Rxm (Commit)
- A2504 Brx (Brier)
- A2505 Crx (Wrap, Branch)
- A2506 Drx (Remain, Remnant)
- A2507 Hrx (Exceed)
- A2509 Krx (Twist, Lace)
- A2510 Xrx (Castrate, Eunuch)
- A2511 Orx (Exceed)
- A2758 Nzr (Rule, Prince)
- A2776 Nxr (Halter)
- A3041 Dprx ()
- A3023 Rxpu ()
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Imperfect 3 masculine singular וַיָּ֫שַׂר עַלֿיִשְׂרָאֵל Judges 9:22 Abimelech ruled over Israel three years; 3 masculine plural שָׂרִים ֗֗֗ יָשׂ֑רוּ Isaiah 32:1 princes shall govern (prince it) justly ("" יִמְלָךְמֶֿלֶךְ), compare Proverbs 8:16; Participle לִהְיוֺת֗֗֗ שׂרֵר Esther 1:22 that every man should bear rule בְּבֵיתוֺ.
Hithpa`el Imperfect, 2 masculine singular + Infinitive absolute כִּיתִֿשְׂתָּרֵר עָלֵינוּ גַּםהִֿשְׂתָּרֵר Numbers 16:13 that thou shouldst also keep playing the prince over us. — יָסֹר 1 Chronicles 15:22 see יָסַר
Qal and שַׂר
4b. Hiph`il Perfect 3 plural metaplastic הֵשִׂירוּ (Ges§ 67v) Hosea 8:4 they made princes (absolute; "" הִמְלִיכוּ). p. 415f, 978
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שׂוּר fut. וַיָּשַׂר i.q. שָׂרָה, שָׂרַר (which see).
(1) to contend, Hosea 12:5.
(2) to hold dominion, Judges 9:22.
Hiphil הֵשִׂיר to constitute princes, Hosea 8:4.
שׂוּר an onomatop. root, i.q. נָשַׂר to saw. fut. וֵיָּשַׂר 1 Chronicles 20:3.
שׂוּר i.q. סוּר to go back, Hosea 9:12.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.