Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #7737 - שָׁוָה

Transliteration
shâvâh
Phonetics
shaw-vaw'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
2342,2343
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to agree with, be or become like, level, resemble

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to be like

1a2) equivalent (participle)

1a3) to set, place

1a4) setting (participle)

1b) (Piel) to level, smooth, still

1c) (Hiphil) to make like

1d) (Nithpael) to be alike

2) (Piel) to set, place

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 514 ‑ ἄξιος (ax'‑ee‑os);  520 ‑ ἀπάγω (ap‑ag'‑o);  654 ‑ ἀποστρέφω (ap‑os‑tref'‑o);  700 ‑ ἀρέσκω (ar‑es'‑ko);  2983 ‑ λαμβάνω (lam‑ban'‑o);  4851 ‑ συμφέρω (soom‑fer'‑o);  2007 ‑ ἐπιτίθημι (ep‑ee‑tith'‑ay‑mee);  2675 ‑ καταρτίζω (kat‑ar‑tid'‑zo);  4308 ‑ προοράω (pro‑or‑ah'‑o);  5087 ‑ τίθημι (tith'‑ay‑mee);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (22)
2 Samuel
2
Esther
3
Job
1
Psalms
6
Proverbs
4
Isaiah
4
Lamentations
1
Hosea
1
HCS ( 0 )
HCS (21)
2 Samuel
1
Esther
3
Job
1
Psalms
6
Proverbs
4
Isaiah
4
Lamentations
1
Hosea
1
BSB (21)
2 Samuel
1
Esther
3
Job
1
Psalms
6
Proverbs
4
Isaiah
4
Lamentations
1
Hosea
1
ESV (21)
2 Samuel
1
Esther
3
Job
1
Psalms
6
Proverbs
4
Isaiah
4
Lamentations
1
Hosea
1
WEB (22)
2 Samuel
2
Esther
3
Job
1
Psalms
6
Proverbs
4
Isaiah
4
Lamentations
1
Hosea
1
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1465) es (סהה ShH) AC: ? CO: ? AB: ?

J) efs (סהוה ShWH) AC: ? CO: Equal AB: ?

V) efs (סהוה ShWH) - Equal: To make something like something else, or to compare it to something else. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (24): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Piel, Participle) laid, equal, like, compare, profit, set - Strongs: H7737 (שָׁוָה), H7738 (שָׁוָה), H7739 (שְׁוָה)

M) eis (סהיה ShYH) AC: Forget CO: ? AB: ?

V) eis (סהיה ShYH) - Forget: KJV (1): (vf: Paal) unmindful - Strongs: H7876 (שָׁיָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שָׁוָה [“pr. kindred with צָוָה to set, to place; see Piel No. 2. Thes.”]

(1)  to be even, level; see Piel. Hence

(2) to be equal (in value), to be equivalent to any thing; followed by בְּ Proverbs 3:15, 8:11 also, to countervail any thing. Esther 7:4, אֵין הַצָּר שֹׁוֶה בְּנֵזֶק הַמֶּלֶךְ “the enemy could not countervail the king’s damage,” could not compensate it. Esther 5:13, כָּל־זֶה אֵינֶנּוּ שֹׁוֶה לִי “all these things do not suffice me.” Impers. שָׁוָה לִי it is made even to me, i.e. made to satisfy, Job 33:27.

(3) to be fit, suitable for any one; followed by לְ Esther 3:8.

(4) to be like, to resemble; followed by לְ Proverbs 26:4; Isaiah 40:25.

Piel

(1) to make level, e.g. a field, Isaiah 28:25 metaph. the mind, e.g. to compose, to calm the mind, Psalms 131:2 and ellipt., Isaiah 38:13, שִׁוּיתִי עַד בֹּקֶר “I calmed (my mind) until morning.” Vulg. and Jerome, sperabam usque ad mane. (In taking the sentence thus, כַּאֲרִי is referred to the following member; but others take from signif. No. 2, “I compared (myself) to a lion,” sc. in roaring. Targ., I roared as a lion).

(2) to put, to set, i.q. שׂוּם, שִׁית, as often in Targ., Psalms 16:8, 119:30. שִׁוָּה פְרִי to yield fruit (Frucht anfeßen), Hosea 10:1. Followed by עַל to bestow on any one (honour, help), Psalms 21:6, 89:20. Followed by an acc. and כְּ to make one like any thing, Psalms 18:34.

Hiphil, to liken, to compare, Lamentations 2:13.

Derivatives, שָׁוֶה, יִשְׁוָה, יִשְׁוִי.

II.

שָׁוָה Chald. Ithpael, to fear. To this root two occurrences in the Old Testament seem to belong. One in

Piel, Job 30:22, כתיב, תְּמוֹגְגֵנִי תשוה (read תְּשַׁוֶּה) “thou makest me to melt, and frightenest me” (תּוּשִׁיָּה קרי). The other in

Nithpael (a conjugation often used by the Rabbins, see Lehrg. p. 249). Proverbs 27:15, “a dropping in the time of rain וְאֵשֶׁת מִדְוָנִים נִשְׁתָּוָה and a contentious woman are to be feared.” Others comparing שָׁוָה No. I. 4, render נִשְׁתָּוָה are alike. Vulg. comparantur. Gr. Venet. ἰσοῦται, but things to be compared are never in the Proverbs joined together by so frigid a term of comparison.-Targ. a contentious woman who brawls, which may be defended by comparing סְתָו winter, storm, and Greek χειμασθῆναι ἀπειλαῖς, κεχειμᾶνται φρένες, pr. therefore, wintry, stormy. But the former explanation is the one which I prefer.

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List of Word Forms
אַשְׁוֶה־ אשוה־ וְאֶשְׁוֶ֑ה וְתַשְׁו֑וּ ואשוה ותשוו יְשַׁוֶּה־ יִֽשְׁווּ־ ישוה־ ישוו־ מְשַׁוֶּ֣ה מְשַׁוֶּ֥ה משוה נִשְׁתָּוָֽה׃ נשתוה׃ שִׁוִּ֣יתִי שִׁוִּ֤יתִי שִׁוִּ֨יתִי ׀ שִׁוִּ֬יתִי שִׁוִּֽיתִי׃ שִׁוָּ֣ה שָׁ֥וָה שֹׁוֶ֖ה שוה שויתי שויתי׃ תְּשַׁוֶּ֥ה תִּשְׁוֶה־ תשוה תשוה־ ’aš·weh- ’ašweh- ashveh mə·šaw·weh məšawweh meshavVeh niš·tā·wāh nishtaVah ništāwāh šā·wāh šāwāh Shavah shivVah shivViti shoVeh šiw·wāh šiw·wî·ṯî šiwwāh šiwwîṯî šō·weh šōweh tə·šaw·weh təšawweh teshavVeh tiš·weh- tishveh tišweh- veeshVeh vetashVu wə’ešweh wə·’eš·weh wə·ṯaš·wū wəṯašwū yə·šaw·weh- yəšawweh- yeshavveh yiš·wū- yishvu yišwū-
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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