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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2647 - καταλύω

Transliteration
katalýō
Phonetics
kat-al-oo'-o  
Word Origin
from (2596) and (3089)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
4:338,543
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to dissolve, disunite
    1. (what has been joined together), to destroy, demolish
    2. metaph. to overthrow i.e. render vain, deprive of success, bring to naught
      1. to subvert, overthrow 1b
    3. of institutions, forms of government, laws, etc., to deprive of force, annul, abrogate, discard
    4. of travellers, to halt on a journey, to put up, lodge (the figurative expression originating in the circumstance that, to put up for the night, the straps and packs of the beasts of burden are unbound and taken off; or, more correctly from the fact that the traveller's garments, tied up when he is on the journey, are unloosed at it end)
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1413 ‑ גָּדַד (gaw‑dad');  1730 ‑ דֹּד (dode, dode);  2583 ‑ חָנָה (khaw‑naw');  2883 ‑ טָבַע (taw‑bah');  3427 ‑ יָשַׁב (yaw‑shab');  3885 ‑ לוּן (loon, leen);  5422 ‑ נָתַץ (naw‑thats');  5642 ‑ סְתַר (seth‑ar');  5674 ‑ עָבַר (aw‑bar');  6622 ‑ פָּתַר (paw‑thar');  7257 ‑ רָבַץ (raw‑bats');  7673 ‑ שָׁבַת (shaw‑bath');  7901 ‑ שָׁכַב (shaw‑kab');  7931 ‑ שָׁכַן (shaw‑kan');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (17) NAS (17) HCS (17)
Matthew 4
Mark 3
Luke 3
Acts 3
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Matthew 4
Mark 3
Luke 3
Acts 3
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Matthew 5
Mark 3
Luke 3
Acts 3
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-AAI-1S 1
V-AAN 5
V-AAS-3P 1
V-APS-3S 2
V-FAI-1S 1
V-FAI-3S 1
V-FPI-3S 3
V-PAM-2S 1
V-PAP-NSM 2
V-AAI-1S 1
V-AAN 5
V-AAS-3P 1
V-APS-3S 2
V-FAI-1S 1
V-FAI-3S 1
V-FPI-3S 3
V-PAM-2S 1
V-PAP-NSM 2
V-AAI-1S 1
V-AAN 5
V-AAS-3P 1
V-APS-3S 2
V-FAI-1S 1
V-FAI-3S 1
V-FPI-3S 3
V-PAM-2S 1
V-PAP-NSM 2
NA WH
V-AAN 1
V-APS-3S 1
V-FPI-3S 3
V-AAI-1S 1
V-AAN 5
V-AAS-3P 1
V-APS-3S 2
V-FAI-1S 1
V-FAI-3S 1
V-FPI-3S 3
V-PAM-2S 1
V-PAP-NSM 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κατα-λύω,

fut. -λύσω Od. 4.28: 3 pl. plpf. -λελύκεσαν Hdn. 8.4.2:

Pass., fut. -λῠθήσομαι Pl. Lg. 714c, D. 38.22 (fut. Med. in pass. sense, v. infr. 1.2a): pf. -λέλῠμαι Th. 6.36:

I

1. put down, destroy, πολλάων πολίων κατέλυσε κάρηνα Il. 2.117, 9.24; τείχη, [ πτόλιν ], E. Tr. 819, 1080 (both lyr.); γέφυραν break it up, Hdn. l. c.

2. of political or other systems, dissolve, break up, put down, κ. ἀρχήν, βασιληΐην, ἰσοκρατίας, Hdt. 1.53, 54, 5.92. ά; τοῦ Διὸς τὴν δύναμιν Ar. Pl. 142; τὸ κράτος τῆς βουλῆς Plu. Per. 7; τὰς προσόδους τὰς Μιλησίων SIG 633.40 (Milet., ii B. C.): freq. in Att., κ. τὸν δῆμον Ar. Ec. 453, Th. 3.81; τὴν δημοκρατίαν Ar. Pl. 948; τὰς πολιτείας Decr. ap. D. 18.182: Pass., καταλελυμένης τῆς δημοκρατίας Lex ap. And. 1.96, cf. 95, Lys. 13.4, Arist. Pol. 1292a29: fut. Med. as Pass., καταλύσεται.. ἡ ἀρχή (Cobet καταλελύσεται) X. Cyr. 1.6.9. c. acc. pers., put down, depose, κ. τύραννον Th. 1.18, etc.; κ. τινὰ τῆς ἀρχῆς X. Cyr. 8.5.24: Pass., τῶν ἄλλων καταλελυμένων στρατηγῶν having been dismissed, Hdt. 6.43; καταλυθῆναι τῆς ἀρχῆς Id. 1.104, cf. 6.9. dissolve, dismiss, disband a body, καταλύειν τὴν βουλήν, τὸν στόλον, Id. 5.72, 7.16. β; τῶν πόλεων τά τε βουλευτήρια καὶ τὰς ἀρχάς Th. 2.15; τὸ ναυτικόν D. 18.102 (Pass.). abolish or annul laws, customs, etc., δίκην Gorg. Pal. 17; νόμους Isoc. 6.66 (Pass.), Plb. 3.8.2, cf. Matthew 5:17; ψήφισμα Michel 725.20 (ii B.C.); also κ. τὸν ἱππέα render him useless, X. Eq. 12.5. τὴν φυλακὴν κ. neglect the watch, Ar. V. 2, cf. Arist. Pol. 1308a29; τὴν φρουράν Pl. Lg. 762c; τὴν κοινὴν φυλακὴν καταλυθῆναι βούλεται Din. 1.112. κ. τὴν τριηραρχίαν lay it down, Isoc. 18.59; τὴν ἄσκησιν, v. infr. 3a.

3. bring to an end, τὸν βίον X. Revelation 7:1-17; ἐς Ἅιδαν καταλύσουσ' ἔμμοχθον βίοτον E. Supp. 1004 (lyr.); μώμου ἀδικίαν καὶ δόξης ἀμαθίαν Gorg. Hel. 21; ἐλπίδα Th. 2.89; δόξα, ἣν αἰσχρόν ἐστιν ἐν σοὶ -λῦσαι D. 10.73; κ. τὸ πλεῖν, τὴν ἄροσιν, Id. 33.4, Ael. NA 13.1; κ. τὰς θυσίας Lys. 30.17, Isoc. 6.68; τὰ γυμνάσια And. 4.39; τὸν λόγον Aeschin. 2.126, Isoc. 12.176; τοὺς λόγους περὶ τὰ μέγιστα κ. ib.199: abs., make an end, ὥρᾳ κ. die in good time, Diocl.Com. 14, cf. Philostr. VA 8.28; πύκτης ὢν κατέλυσε retired from the ring, AP 11.79 (Lucill.), cf. 161 (Id.) (in full -λῦσαι τὴν ἄσκησιν Gal. Protr. 14); καθάπερ ἐν τοῖς Χοροῖς ἐν τῷ καταλύειν in the ending, Arist. Pr. 921a20: also pf. part. Pass. καταλελυμένος disused, obsolete, Phld. Mus. p.68 K. κ. τὴν ὑπάρχουσαν εἰρήνην break the peace, Aeschin. 3.55; but, more commonly, κ. τὸν πόλεμον end the war, make peace, Ar. Lys. 112, Th. 7.31, X. An. 5.7.27, etc.; δίκας settle disputes, IG 5(2).357.15 (Stymphalus, iii B.C.): abs. (sc. τὸν πόλεμον), Foed. ap. Th. 5.23; πρός τινα Foed.ib. 8.58: more freq. in Med., καταλύσασθαι τὰς ἔχθρας, componere inimicitias, Hdt. 7.146; τὸν πόλεμον And. 3.17, Th. 6.36; στάσιν Ar. Ra. 359: abs., make peace, Hdt. 8.140. ά, Th. 1.81, X. HG 6.8.6, etc.; καταλύεσθαί τινι come to terms with one, Hdt. 9.11, etc.

4. Pass., ἤδη καταλελυμένης τῆς ἡλικίας in the decay of life, Arist. Pol. 1335a34.

II

1. unloose, unyoke, καταλύσομεν ἵππους Od. 4.28; τὸ σῶμα τοῦ ἀδελφεοῦ κ. take it down from the wall where it was hung up, Hdt. 2.121. γ: — Pass., to be taken down from hanging, Hp. Aph. 2.43.

2. intr., take up one's quarters, lodge, παρ' ἐμοὶ καταλύει he is my guest, Pl. Grg. 447b, cf. Prt. 311a, D. 18.82: abs., Pl. Prt. 315d: c. acc., κ. παρά τινα turn off the road to a person's house, go and lodge with him, Th. 1.136; κ. εἰς πανδοκεῖον Aeschin. 2.97; Μεγαροῖ Pl. Tht. 142c; ἐν τῷ ἱαρῷ SIG 978.8 (Cnidos, iii B.C.): Med., θανάτῳ καταλυσαίμαν may I take my rest in the grave, E. Med. 146 (anap.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

καταλύω; future καταλύσω; 1 aorist κατέλυσα; 1 aorist passive κατελυθην; 1 future passive 3 person singular καταλυθήσεται; to dissolve, disunite (see, III. 4);

a. (what has been joined together) equivalent to to destroy, demolish: λίθους (A. V. throw down), Matthew 24:2; Mark 13:2; Luke 21:6; τόν ναόν, Matthew 26:61; Matthew 27:40; Mark 14:58; Mark 15:29; Acts 6:14; οἰκίαν, 2 Corinthians 5:1; universally opposed to οἰκοδομεῖν, Galatians 2:18 (2 Esdr. 5:12; Homer, Iliad 9, 24f; 2, 117; τευχη, Euripides, Tro. 819; γέφυραν, Herodian, 8, 4, 4 (2 edition, Bekker)).

b. metaphorically, to overthrow, i. e. to render vain, to deprive of success, to bring to naught: τήν βουλήν τό ἔργον, Acts 5:38 (τάς ἀπειλάς, 4 Macc. 4:16); τινα, to render fruitless one's desires, endeavors, etc. ibid. 39 G L T Tr WH (Plato, legg. 4, p. 714 c.); to subvert, overthrow: τό ἔργον τοῦ Θεοῦ (see ἀγαθός, 2), Romans 14:20. As in classical Greek from Herodotus down, of institutions, forms of government, laws, etc., to deprive of force, annul, abrogate, discard: τόν νόμον, Matthew 5:17 (2 Macc. 2:22; Xenophon, mem. 4, 4, 14; Isocrates paneg. § 55; Philost. v., Apoll. 4, 40).

c. of travelers, to halt on a journey, to put up, lodge (the figurative expression originating in the circumstance that, to put up for the night, the straps and packs of the beasts of burden are unbound and taken off; or, perhaps more correctly, from the fact that the traveler's garments, tied up when he is on the journey, are unloosed at its end; cf. ἀναλύω, 2): Luke 9:12; Luke 19:7; so in Greek writings from Thucydides, Xenophon, Plato down; the Sept. for לוּן, Genesis 19:2; Genesis 24:23, 25, etc.; Sir. 14:25, 27 Sir. 36:31; (cf. Buttmann, 145 (127)).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κατα -λύω ,

[in LXX for H3885, H7673, etc.;]

1. to destroy, cast down: Matthew 24:2, Mark 13:2, Luke 21:6; τ . ναόν , Matthew 26:61; Matthew 27:40, Mark 14:58; Mark 15:29, Acts 6:14; οἰκίαν , 2 Corinthians 5:1; opp. to οἰκοδομεῖν , Galatians 2:18. Metaph., to overthrow, annul, abrogate: Acts 5:38-39; τ . ἔργον τ . θεοῦ , Romans 14:20; τ . νόμον , Matthew 5:17 (2 Maccabees 2:22).

2. to unloose, unyoke (e.g. horses), hence intrans., of travellers (cf. κατάλυμα ), to take up one's quarters, lodge (cl., Genesis 19:2, al.): Luke 9:12; Luke 19:7.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Corresponding to the use of κατάλυσις in the last citation s.v. κατάλυμα, we may note the occurrence of the verb in the same papyrus, P Magd 8.5 (B.C. 218) τῆς γυναικός μου τὸν β ]ίον καταλυσάσης. On the other hand the meaning ";lodge,";as in Luke 9:12; Luke 19:7, may be illustrated from P Par 49.36 (B.C. 164–158) (= Witkowski.2, p. 72) πρός σε οὐ μ [ ] ἐπέλθω, εἰς δὲ τὰ Πρωτάρχου καταλύσω, BGU IV. 1097.5 (time of Claudius or Nero) περὶ δὲ Σαραπᾶτος τοῦ υἱου ̣ͅ οὐ καταλέλυκε παρ᾽ ἐμὲ ὅλως, ἀλλὰ ἀπῆλ ̣θεν εἰς παρεμβολὴν ̣ στρατ ̣ε ̣υ ̣σασ ̣θ ̣αι, and the dialect inscr. Syll 561.9 (mid.iii/B.C.) μὴ ἐ [ξῆμ ]εν καταλύε [ν ἐν τῶ ]ι ἱαρῶι τῶμ [Βάκχων μ ]ηδένα, where the editor notes ";vocem intransitive usurpa-tam divertendi vel commorandi vi apparet."; On the other hand, in Michel 725.20 f. (end of ii/B.C.) the verb has the meaning ";set at naught,"; ";annul,"; as in Matthew 5:17καὶ μηθενὶ ἐξέστω κατα [λ ]ῦσαι τόδε [τὸ ψήφι ]σμα, εἰ δὲ μή, [ὁ κ ]α [ταλ ]ύσας ἀποτεισάτω δίκ [ην εἰς τ ]ὸν [ναὸν τοῦ Διός. See also Kaibel 1095.4 νὺξ αὐτοὺς καταλύει —with reference to the departed glories of Homeric heroes.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
καταλυε κατάλυε καταλυθη καταλυθή καταλυθῇ καταλυθησεται καταλυθήσεται καταλύοντας καταλυόντων καταλύουσι καταλυσαι καταλύσαι καταλῦσαι καταλύσατε καταλυσει καταλύσει καταλυσή καταλύσης καταλύσομεν καταλύσουσιν καταλυσω καταλύσω καταλύσωσι καταλυσωσιν καταλύσωσιν καταλύω καταλυων καταλύων κατελύθης κατέλυον κατελυσα κατέλυσα κατέλυσαν κατέλυσας κατέλυσε κατέλυσεν katalue kataluon kataluōn katalusai katalusei kataluso katalusō katalusosin katalusōsin kataluthe kataluthē kataluthesetai kataluthēsetai katalye katálye katalyon katalyōn katalýon katalýōn katalysai katalŷsai katalysei katalýsei katalyso katalysō katalýso katalýsō katalysosin katalysōsin katalýsosin katalýsōsin katalythe katalythē katalythêi katalythē̂i katalythesetai katalythēsetai katalythḗsetai katelusa katelysa katélysa
Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, November 12th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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