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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #599 - ἀποθνήσκω

Transliteration
apothnḗskō
Phonetics
ap-oth-nace'-ko  
Word Origin
from (575) and (2348)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
3:7,312
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to die
    1. of the natural death of man
    2. of the violent death of man or animals
    3. to perish by means of something
    4. of trees which dry up, of seeds which rot when planted
    5. of eternal death, to be subject to eternal misery in hell
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1478 ‑ גָּוַע (gaw‑vah');  3772 ‑ כָּרַת (kaw‑rath');  4191 ‑ מוּת (mooth);  5647 ‑ עָבַד (aw‑bad');  7901 ‑ שָׁכַב (shaw‑kab');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (132) NAS (112) HCS (111)
Matthew 5
Mark 8
Luke 10
John 22
Acts 4
Romans 19
1 Corinthians 7
2 Corinthians 3
Galatians 2
Philippians 1
Colossians 2
1 Thessalonians 2
Hebrews 7
Jude 1
Revelation 6
Matthew 5
Mark 8
Luke 9
John 24
Acts 4
Romans 19
1 Corinthians 7
2 Corinthians 3
Galatians 2
Philippians 1
Colossians 2
1 Thessalonians 2
Hebrews 7
1 Peter 1
Jude 1
Revelation 6
Matthew 5
Mark 8
Luke 10
John 28
Acts 4
Romans 23
1 Corinthians 7
2 Corinthians 5
Galatians 2
Philippians 1
Colossians 2
1 Thessalonians 2
Hebrews 7
Jude 1
Revelation 6
BYZ TIS TR
V-2AAI-1P 2
V-2AAI-1S 2
V-2AAI-2P 2
V-2AAI-3P 10
V-2AAI-3S 32
V-2AAN 14
V-2AAP-DSM 1
V-2AAP-GSM 1
V-2AAP-NPM 1
V-2AAP-NPN 1
V-2AAP-NSM 3
V-2AAS-1P 1
V-2AAS-3S 14
V-FDI-2P 3
V-FDI-3P 1
V-FDI-3S 1
V-IAI-3S 1
V-PAI-1P 2
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 5
V-PAN 5
V-PAP-NPM 3
V-PAP-NSM 2
V-PAS-1P 2
V-2AAI-1P 2
V-2AAI-1S 2
V-2AAI-2P 1
V-2AAI-3P 10
V-2AAI-3S 33
V-2AAN 16
V-2AAP-DSM 1
V-2AAP-GSM 1
V-2AAP-NPM 1
V-2AAP-NPN 1
V-2AAP-NSM 3
V-2AAS-1P 1
V-2AAS-3S 13
V-FDI-2P 3
V-FDI-3S 1
V-IAI-3S 1
V-PAI-1P 2
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 5
V-PAN 5
V-PAP-NPM 3
V-PAP-NSM 2
V-PAS-1P 2
V-2AAI-1P 2
V-2AAI-1S 2
V-2AAI-2P 2
V-2AAI-3P 10
V-2AAI-3S 32
V-2AAN 15
V-2AAP-DSM 1
V-2AAP-GSM 2
V-2AAP-NPM 1
V-2AAP-NPN 1
V-2AAP-NSM 3
V-2AAS-1P 1
V-2AAS-3S 14
V-FDI-2P 3
V-FDI-3S 1
V-IAI-3S 1
V-PAI-1P 2
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 5
V-PAN 5
V-PAP-NPM 3
V-PAP-NSM 2
V-PAS-1P 2
NA WH
V-AAI-3P 3
V-AAI-3S 11
V-AAN 1
V-AAS-3S 3
V-PAI-1P 1
V-PAI-3S 2
V-PAN 3
V-2AAI-1P 2
V-2AAI-1S 2
V-2AAI-2P 2
V-2AAI-3P 10
V-2AAI-3S 34
V-2AAN 16
V-2AAP-DSM 1
V-2AAP-GSM 1
V-2AAP-NPM 1
V-2AAP-NPN 1
V-2AAP-NSM 3
V-2AAS-1P 1
V-2AAS-3S 13
V-FDI-2P 3
V-FDI-3S 1
V-IAI-3S 1
V-PAI-1P 2
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 5
V-PAN 5
V-PAP-NPM 3
V-PAP-NSM 2
V-PAS-1P 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀποθνήσκω,

fut. -θᾰνοῦμαι, Ion. -θανέομαι or -εῦμαι Hdt. 3.143, 7.134: strengthd. for θνῄσκω,

I die, Hom. (v. infr.), Pi. O. 1.27, and once in Trag. (E. Fr. 578.6); in Com. and Prose the usual form of the pres.; σεῦ ἀποτεθνηῶτος Il. 22.432; ἀποθνῄσκων περὶ φασγάνῳ Od. 11.424; βόες δ' ἀποτέθνασαν ἤδη 12.393; ἐκ τῶν τρωμάτων Hdt. 2.63; ὑπὸ λιμοῦ Th. 1.126: c. dat., βρόμῳ κεραυνοῦ Pi.l.c.; νόσῳ Th. 8.84: c. acc. cogn., θάνατον ἀ. X. Mem. 4.8.3, etc.; εἰς ἕτερον ζῆν ἀ. Pl. Ax. 365d; to be ready to die, of laughter, etc., Ar. Ach. 15; ἀ. τῷ δέει Arist. MM 1191a35.

II serving as Pass. of ἀποκτείνω, to be put to death, slain, ὑπό τινος Hdt. 1.137, 7.154; esp. by judicial sentence, ἀποθανεῖν ὑπὸ τῆς πόλεως Lycurg. 93, cf. Pl. Ap. 29d, 32d,al., Arist. Rh. 1397a30 (v.l.).

III renounce, νόμῳ Galatians 2:19; ἀπό τινος Colossians 2:20.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀποθνῄσκω, imperfect ἀπέθνῃσκον (Luke 8:42); 2 aorist ἀπέθανον; future ἀποθανοῦμαι, Romans 5:7; John 8:21, 24 (see θνῄσκω); found in Greek writings from Homer down; to die (ἀπό, so as to be no more; (cf. Latinemorior; English die off or out, pass away); German absterben,versterben);

I. used properly

1. of the natural death of men: Matthew 9:24; Matthew 22:24; Luke 16:22; John 4:47; Romans 7:2, and very often; ἀποθνῄσκοντες ἀποθνῄσκοντες subject to death, mortal, Hebrews 7:8 (Buttmann, 206 (178)).

2. of the violent death — both of animals, Matthew 8:32, and of men, Matthew 26:35; Acts 21:13 etc.; 1 Peter 3:18 L T Tr WH text; ἐν φόνῳ μαχαίρας, Hebrews 11:37; of the punishment of death, Hebrews 10:28; often of the violent death which Christ suffered, as John 12:33; Romans 5:6, etc.

3. Phrases: ἀποθνῄσκειν ἐκ τίνος, to perish by means of something, (cf. English to die of), Revelation 8:11; ἐν τῇ ἁμαρτία, ἐν ταῖς ἁμαρτίαις, fixed in sin, hence, to die unreformed, John 8:21, 24; ἐν τῷ Ἀδάμ by connection with Adam, 1 Corinthians 15:22; ἐν κυρίῳ in fellowship with, and trusting in, the Lord, Revelation 14:13; ἀποθνῄσκειν τί, to die a certain death, Romans 6:10 (θάνατον μακρόν, Chariton, p. 12, D'Orville edition (l. i. c. 8, p. 17, 6, Beck edition; cf. Winers Grammar, 227 (213); Buttmann, 149 (130))); τῇ ἁμαρτία, used of Christ, 'that he might not have to busy himself more with the sin of men,' Romans 6:10; ἑαυτῷ to become one's own master, independent, by dying, Romans 14:7 (cf. Meyer); τῷ κυρίῳ to become subject to the Lord's will by dying, Romans 14:8 (cf. Meyer); διά τινα i. e. to save one, 1 Corinthians 8:11; on the phrases ἀποθνῄσκειν περί and ὑπέρ τίνος, see περί, the passage cited δ. and ὑπέρ I. 2 and 3. Oratorically, although the proper signification of the verb is retained, καθ' ἡμέραν ἀποθνῄσκω I meet death daily, live daily in danger of death, 1 Corinthians 15:31, cf. 2 Corinthians 6:9.

4. of trees which dry up, Jude 1:12; of seeds, which while being resolved into their elements in the ground seem to perish by rotting, John 12:24; 1 Corinthians 15:36.

II. tropically, in various senses;

1. of eternal death, as it is called, i. e. to be subject to eternal misery, and that, too, already beginning on earth: Romans 8:13; John 6:50; John 11:26.

2. of moral death, in various senses;

a. to be deprived of real life, i. e. especially of the power of doing right, of confidence in God and the hope of future blessedness, Romans 7:10; of the spiritual torpor of those who have fallen from the fellowship of Christ, the fountain of true life, Revelation 3:2.

b. with the dative of the thing (cf. Winers Grammar, 210 (197); 428 (398); Buttmann, 178 (155)), to become wholly alienated from a thing, and freed from all connection with it: τῷ νόμῳ, Galatians 2:19, which must also be supplied with ἀποθανόντες (for so we must read for Rec.elz ἀποθανόντος) in Romans 7:6 (cf. Winer's Grammar, 159 (150)); τῇ ἁμαρτία, Romans 6:2 (in another sense in Romans 6:10; see I. 3 above); ἀπό τῶν στοιχείων τοῦ κόσμου so that your relation to etc. has passed away, Colossians 2:20 (ἀπό τῶν παθῶν, Porphyry, de abst. animal. 1, 41 (cf. Buttmann, 322 (277); Winer's Grammar, 370 (347))); true Christians are said simply ἀποθανεῖν, as having put off all sensibility to worldly things that draw them away from God, Colossians 3:3; since they owe this habit of mind to the death of Christ, they are said also ἀποθανεῖν σύν Χριστῷ, Romans 6:8; Colossians 2:20. (Compare: συναποθνῄσκω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀπο -θνήσκω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H4191;]

to die: of natural death, Mark 5:35, al.; of violent death (pass. of ἀποκτείνω ), esp. of Christ, Matthew 26:35, John 12:33, Hebrews 10:28, al.; of spiritual death, John 6:50, Romans 8:13, al.; c. dat. ref., Romans 6:2; Romans 6:10; Romans 14:7-8, Galatians 2:19; acc, , Romans 6:10; seq. ἐν , Matthew 8:32, John 8:21; John 8:24, 1 Corinthians 15:22, Hebrews 11:37, Revelation 14:13; seq. ὑπέρ , περί , John 11:50-51; John 18:14, Romans 5:6-8; Romans 14:15, 1 Corinthians 15:3, 2 Corinthians 5:15, 1 Thessalonians 5:10, 1 Peter 3:18; ἀπὸ , Colossians 2:20; ἐκ , Revelation 8:11; fig., 1 Corinthians 15:31 (cf. συν -αποθνήσκω , and v. Milligan, NTD, 258 f.; DCG, i, 791b; Cremer, 286; MM, s.v.; on the perfective force of this verb, M, Pr., 112, 114; and on the distinction bet. pres. and aor., ib. 113 f.).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

On the reason why the perfect of this verb was τέθνηκα, not ἀποτέθνηκα, see Proleg. p. 114. Marcus Aurelius, it is true, uses ἀποτέθνηκα, a natural result of levelling when the simplex had become obsolete; but the editor of P Iand 9.5 (ii/A.D.) is not thereby justified in restoring ἀπο ]τε ̣θ ̣νῶτ [ο ̣ς. No other part of the simplex survives, and no other compound. An interesting instance of the word occurs in P Par 47.7 ff. (c. B.C. 153) (= Selections, p. 22) οἱ παρὰ σὲ θεοὶ. . . ὅτι ἐνβέβληκαν ὑμᾶς εἰς ὕλην μεγάλην καὶ οὗ δυνάμεθα ἀποθανεῖν, ";your gods (are false) because they have cast us into a great forest, where we may possibly die."; As a parallel to the Pauline usage in 1 Corinthians 15:31 may be noted the touching letter P Giss I. 17.9 (time of Hadrian), where a slave writes to her absent master, ἀποθνήσκομεν ὅτι οὐ βλέπομέν σε καθ᾽ ἡμέραν. The use of the present tense justifies one more citation, BGU IV. 1024iv. 9 (iv/v A.D.), where a ἡγεμών, passing sentence of death on a man who had disinterred a corpse, says he is less than a beast, καὶ γὰρ τὰ θηρία [τ ]οῖς μὲν ἀνθρώποις πρόσισιν, τῶν δὲ [ ]ποθνησκόντων φίδοντα [ι ]. Here the meaning is ";spare them when they die"; : the pres. is frequentative, as in Hebrews 7:8 or Revelation 14:13. The MGr is ἀποθαίνω (or πεθαίνω etc.).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
απέθανε απέθανέ απεθανεν απέθανεν ἀπέθανεν απεθανετε απεθάνετε ἀπεθάνετε απεθανομεν απεθάνομεν ἀπεθάνομεν απεθανον απεθάνον απέθανον ἀπέθανον απεθάνωμεν απέθνησκε απεθνησκεν απέθνησκεν ἀπέθνησκεν ἀπέθνῃσκεν αποθανειν αποθανείν ἀποθανεῖν αποθανείς αποθανεισθε αποθανείσθε ἀποθανεῖσθε αποθανειται αποθανείται ἀποθανεῖται αποθανέτω αποθανη αποθανή αποθάνη ἀποθάνῃ αποθάνης αποθάνητε αποθάνοι αποθανοντα αποθανόντα ἀποθανόντα αποθανόντας αποθανοντες αποθανόντες ἀποθανόντες αποθανοντι αποθανόντι ἀποθανόντι αποθανοντος αποθανόντος ἀποθανόντος αποθανόντων αποθανούμαι αποθανούμεθα αποθανούνται αποθάνω αποθανωμεν αποθάνωμεν ἀποθάνωμεν αποθανων αποθανών ἀποθανών ἀποθανὼν αποθάνωσι αποθάνωσιν αποθνήξεσθε αποθνησκει αποθνήσκει ἀποθνήσκει ἀποθνῄσκει αποθνησκειν αποθνήσκειν ἀποθνήσκειν ἀποθνῄσκειν αποθνήσκεις αποθνήσκετε αποθνησκέτω αποθνησκομεν αποθνήσκομεν ἀποθνήσκομεν ἀποθνῄσκομεν αποθνήσκον αποθνήσκοντας αποθνησκοντες αποθνήσκοντες ἀποθνήσκοντες ἀποθνῄσκοντες αποθνήσκοντος αποθνησκουσιν αποθνήσκουσιν ἀποθνήσκουσιν ἀποθνῄσκουσιν αποθνησκω αποθνήσκω ἀποθνήσκω ἀποθνῄσκω αποθνησκωμεν αποθνήσκωμεν ἀποθνήσκωμεν ἀποθνῄσκωμεν αποθνησκων αποθνήσκων ἀποθνήσκων ἀποθνῄσκων αποικεσίαν αποικεσίας αποικεσιών αποικία αποικίαν αποικίας αποικιεί αποικίσαι αποικισθέντας αποικισθέντος αποικίσθη αποικίσθησαν αποικισμόν αποικισμού αποκαθαίρονται αποκαθαρθέν αποκαθαρίσαι αποκαθάρωμαι αποκαθημένην αποκαθημένης απώκισα απώκισαν απώκισας απώκισε απώκισεν απωκίσθη απώκισται απώχοντο ἔπαθεν apethanen apéthanen apethanete apethánete apethanomen apethánomen apethanon apéthanon apethnesken apethnēsken apéthnesken apéthnēsken apothane apothanē apothánei apothánēi apothanein apothaneîn apothaneisthe apothaneîsthe apothaneitai apothaneîtai apothanomen apothanōmen apothánomen apothánōmen apothanon apothanōn apothanṓn apothanṑn apothanonta apothanónta apothanontes apothanóntes apothanonti apothanónti apothanontos apothanóntos apothneskei apothnēskei apothnḗskei apothneskein apothnēskein apothnḗskein apothnesko apothnēskō apothnḗsko apothnḗskō apothneskomen apothnēskomen apothnēskōmen apothnḗskomen apothnḗskōmen apothneskon apothnēskōn apothnḗskon apothnḗskōn apothneskontes apothnēskontes apothnḗskontes apothneskousin apothnēskousin apothnḗskousin epathen épathen
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the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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