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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #205 - אָוֶן

Transliteration
'âven
Phonetics
aw'-ven  
Word Origin
from an unused root perhaps meaning properly, to pant (hence, to exert oneself, usually in vain
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TWOT
48a
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) trouble, wickedness, sorrow

1a) trouble, sorrow

1b) idolatry

1c) trouble of iniquity, wickedness

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 94 ‑ ἄδικος (ad'‑ee‑kos);  458 ‑ ἀνομία (an‑om‑ee'‑ah);  459 ‑ ἄνομος (an'‑om‑os);  765 ‑ ἀσεβής (as‑eb‑ace');  824 ‑ ἄτοπος (at'‑op‑os);  878 ‑ ἄφρων (af'‑rone);  1112 ‑ γογγυσμός (gong‑goos‑mos');  2556 ‑ κακός (kak‑os');  2756 ‑ κενός (ken‑os');  2873 ‑ κόπος (kop'‑os);  3152 ‑ μάταιος (mat'‑ah‑yos);  3155 ‑ μάτην (mat'‑ane);  3449 ‑ μόχθος (mokh'‑thos);  3601 ‑ ὀδύνη (od‑oo'‑nay);  3997 ‑ πένθος (pen'‑thos);  4189 ‑ πονηρία (pon‑ay‑ree'‑ah);  4192 ‑ πόνος (pon'‑os);  5225 ‑ ὑπάρχω (hoop‑ar'‑kho);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (78) NAS (77) HCS (78)
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 1
1 Samuel 1
Job 13
Psalms 29
Proverbs 10
Isaiah 12
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 1
Hosea 3
Amos 1
Micah 1
Habakkuk 2
Zechariah 1
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 1
1 Samuel 1
Job 13
Psalms 29
Proverbs 9
Isaiah 12
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 1
Hosea 3
Amos 1
Micah 1
Habakkuk 2
Zechariah 1
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 1
1 Samuel 1
Job 14
Psalms 29
Proverbs 9
Isaiah 12
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 1
Hosea 3
Amos 1
Micah 1
Habakkuk 2
Zechariah 1
BYZ TIS TR
P-d 3
n-cmp 3
n-cms 47
P-d 3
n-cmp 3
n-cms 52
P-d 3
n-cmp 3
n-cms 51
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1014) na (אנ AN) AC: Produce CO: Produce AB: ?: The pictograph a represents the ox. The n is a picture of a seed (plant, animal or man) . The male searches out the female and approaches her for reproducing (see Jeremiah 2:24) . This can also be a search for the purpose of producing something.

A) na (אנ AN) AC: ? CO: Ship AB: Where: A ship searches through the sea for a distant coastline (of an island or mainland) in search of the produce for trade. The fig tree produces fruit that is desirable and prolific, since the fig is green and blends in with the leaves, the fruit must be searched out. The searching may result in success or failure.

Nm) na (אנ AN) - Where: A search for a place. KJV (8): whither, how, where, whithersoever, hither - Strongs: H575 (אָנָה)

am) naem (מהאנ MHAN) - Bowl: As the shape of a ship. [Aramaic only] KJV (7): vessel - Strongs: H3984 (מָאן)

fm) ina (אני ANY) - I. Ship:A ship searches through the sea for a distant shore. II. Island:As the destination of a ship. [df: ya]KJV (43): ship, isle, island, country - Strongs: H339 (אִי), H590 (אֳנִי)

ff1 ) eina (אניה ANYH) - Ship: As searching through the sea for a distant shore. KJV (32): ship - Strongs: H591 (אֳנִיָּה)

if) nat (תאנ TAN) - Fig: The tree or fruit. A desirable and prolific fruit that must be searched for as the fruit is green, blending in with the leaves making it difficult to see. KJV (39): fig tree, fig - Strongs: H8384 (תְּאֵנָה)

if1) enat (תאנה TANH) - Occasion: The time of sexual urges when the male searches out the female and approaches her for reproducing. This word can also be applied to any occasion as a result of searching. [df: hnawt] KJV (2): occasion - Strongs: H8385 (תֹּאֲנָה)

B) nna (אננ ANN) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Complain: A complaining from a lack of production. (

V) nna (אננ ANN) - Complain: KJV (2): (vf: Hitpael) complain - Strongs: H596 (אָנַן)

H) ena (אנה ANH) AC: Meet CO: ? AB: ?: The seeking out of another to meet with. A chance encounter or an arrival to another.

V) ena (אנה ANH) - Send: The sending of one for an encounter. KJV (4): (vf: Hitpael, Pual, Piel) deliver - Strongs: H579 (אָנָה)

if1) enat (תאנה TANH) - Occasion: The time of sexual urges when the male searches out the female and approaches her for reproducing. This word can also be applied to any occasion as a result of searching. [df: hnawt] KJV (2): occasion - Strongs: H8385 (תֹּאֲנָה)

J) nfa (אונ AWN) AC: ? CO: Produce AB: Vigor

Nm ) nfa (אונ AWN) - I. Vigor:The power within the belly, or loins, for reproduction or creative work. II. Vanity:The use of the power within the loins for vain or other improper purposes. KJV (90): strength, might, force, goods, substance, iniquity, wicked, vanity, affliction, mischief, unrighteous - Strongs: H202 (אוֹן), H205 (אָוֶן)

im) nfat (תאונ TAWN) - Toil: An exhaustive work. KJV (1): lies - Strongs: H8383 (תְּאֻנִים)

M) nia (אינ AYN) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Nothing: A search or work with no results.

Nm) nia (אינ AYN) - I. Without:A lacking of something or the inability to do or have something. II. Where:The search for a place of unknown origin. KJV (47): except, fail, fatherless, incurable, infinite, innumerable, neither, never, no, none, not, nothing, nought, without, there not, where, whence - Strongs: H369 (אַיִן), H370 (אַיִן), H371 (אִין)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 אָ֫וֶן85 noun masculine Job 5:6 trouble, sorrow, wickedness — absolute Numbers 23:21 +; suffix אוֺנִי Genesis 35:18 etc.; plural אוֺנִים Hosea 9:4

1 trouble, sorrow בֶּןאֿוֺנִי son of my trouble or sorrow Genesis 35:18 (E); לֹא הִבִּיט אָוֶן בְּיַעֲקֹב Numbers 23:21 (song of Balaam), he doth not behold trouble in Jacob ("" he doth not see misery — עָמָל — in Isr); often "" עָמָל Psalm 7:15 (הִנֵּה יְחַבֶּלאָֿוֶן lo he travaileth with trouble "" וְהָרָה עָמָל וְיָלַד שָׁ֑קֶר, yea he hath conceived misery & brought forth a lie), probably thence Job 15:35 (הָרהֹ עָמָל וְיָלֹד אָוֶן) = Isaiah 59:4; compare עָמָל וָאָוֶן Psalm 10:7; Psalm 55:11; Psalm 90:10; Job 4:8; Job 5:6; Isaiah 10:1 (see עָמָל); also זוֺרֵעַ עַוְלָה יִקְצָראָֿוֶן Proverbs 22:8 the sower of iniquity shall reap trouble; in this sense elsewhere only Deuteronomy 26:14; Proverbs 12:21; Jeremiah 4:15; Habakkuk 3:7; Amos 5:5, plural intensive לֶחֶם אוֺנִים bread of trouble, sorrow, or mourning Hosea 9:4.

2 idolatry Hosea 12:12; Isaiah 41:29; אָוֶן וּתְרָפִים הַפְצַ֑ר stubbornness is idolatry & (the use of) teraphim 1 Samuel 15:23 (poetry source); אָוֶן בֵּית Hosea 4:15 (for בֵּית אֵל because Bethel, house of God, is given over to idolatry) so also Hosea 5:8; Hosea 10:5 compare ׳בָּמוֺת א Hosea 10:8; ׳בִּקְעַת א Amos 1:5 (Baalbek); ׳בַּחוּרֵי א read אוֺן, אֹן = On, Heliopolis Ezekiel 30:17; — abstract for concrete = idols Isaiah 66:3.

3 trouble of iniquity, wickedness, מְתֵי אָוֶן Job 22:15; ׳אַנְשֵׁי א Job 34:36 = men of trouble, troublers, wicked men; compare ׳אִישׁ א Proverbs 6:12; Isaiah 55:17; מֹּעֲלֵי אָוֶן workers of trouble, evil-doers, workers of iniquity Job 31:3; Job 34:8,22; Psalm 5:6; + (16t. chiefly late Psalm) Proverbs 10:29; Proverbs 21:15; Isaiah 31:2; Hosea 6:8; מַחְשְׁבוֺת אָוֶן thoughts of trouble, wicked imaginations Proverbs 6:18; Isaiah 59:7; Jeremiah 4:14; often of words & thoughts Job 11:11 + (5t.) Psalm 36:5 + (9t.) Proverbs 17:4; Proverbs 19:28; Proverbs 30:20; Isaiah 29:20; Isaiah 32:6; Isaiah 58:9; Isaiah 59:6; Ezekiel 11:2; Micah 2:1; Habakkuk 1:3; Zechariah 10:2; לֹאאוּכַל אָוֶן וַעֲצָרָה Isaiah 1:13 I cannot bear iniquity with the solemn meeting (RV & most modern; AV it is iniquity, even the solemn meeting).

אֹן sorrow, see אָוֶן.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אָוֶן m. with suff. אוֹנֵךְ, אוֹנָם Jeremiah 4:14; Psalms 94:23 pl. אוֹנִים Proverbs 11:7 from the root אוּן which see.

(1) emptiness, vanity, also something empty and vain, Isaiah 41:29; Zechariah 10:2 specially used of the vanity of idols, and of all things pertaining to idolatry (comp. הֶבֶל), 1 Samuel 15:23, and even of the idols themselves, Isaiah 66:3. Hence in Hosea, the city בֵּית־אֵל “house of God,” as being devoted to idols, is called in contempt בֵּית־אָוֶן “house of idols,” Hosea 4:15, 10:5. To this should also be referred

(a) בִּקְעַת אָוֶן “the valley of the idol,” Amos 1:5 i.e. some valley near the city of Damascus.

(b) אָוֶן for אוֹן Heliopolis, Ezekiel 30:17, with the notion of city of idolatry. Specially it is

(2) vanity of words, falsehood, fraud (Falfchheit), Psalms 36:4; Proverbs 17:4.

(3) wickedness, Nichtswürdigkeit, iniquity, Numbers 23:21; Job 36:21; Isaiah 1:13 אַנְשֵׁי־אָוֶן, מְתֵי־אָוֶן “wicked men,” Job 22:15, 34:36 פֹּעֲלֵי אָוֶן “workers of iniquity,” Job 31:3, 34:8, 22 Job 34:22. In pl. אוֹנִים Proverbs 11:7, probably for אַנְשֵׁי אָוֶן according to LXX., Syr., Arab., Chald.

(4) misfortune, adverse circumstances, calamity, Unheil; Psalms 55:4, “they cast calamity upon me.” Proverbs 22:8, “he who sows iniquity, shall reap calamities.” Psalms 90:10; Job 15:35; Habakkuk 3:7. Specially, sorrow, Genesis 35:18, בֶּן־אוֹנִי “son of my sorrow,” mein Schmerzensfohn; לֶחֶם אוֹנִים “bread of sorrow,” i.e. the food of mourners, which was unclean, Hosea 9:4 comp. Deuteronomy 26:14. Care must be taken by learners not to confound אָוֶן with suffixes with אוֹן with which it corresponds in form.

I. אוֹן m. (from the root אוּן No. 3, 4), faculty, ability, hence

(1)  strength, power, Job 18:7, 12 Job 18:12, 40:16 Hosea 12:9 specially of virile and genital power, רֵאשִׁית הָאוֹן “first fruits of strength,” firstborn, Genesis 49:3; Deuteronomy 21:17; Psalms 105:36 pl. אוֹנִים Isaiah 40:26, 29 Isaiah 40:29; Psalms 78:51.

(2) substance, wealth (Bermögen), Hosea 12:9; Job 20:10.

(3) [On], pr.n. m. Numbers 16:1.

II. אוֹן [On], Genesis 41:50, and אֹן Genesis 41:45, 46:20 a domestic pr.n. of an ancient city of Egypt, Ezekiel 30:17, written אָוֶן (see that word, No. 1. b); called also by the Hebrews from a translation of the name בֵּית שֶׁמֶשׁ Jeremiah 43:13 by the Greeks, Heliopolis; by the Arabs, عين شمس i.e. fountain of the sun. In the Coptic books it is constantly called ⲱⲛ, and it can hardly be doubted that in the ancient language this signified light, especially the sun. In the more modern Egyptian, some rightly compare ⲟⲩⲉⲓⲛ, ⲟⲉⲓⲛ, ⲟⲩⲱⲓⲛⲓ, light; [“see Peyron, Lex. p. 273”]. This city stood on the eastern shore of the Nile, a few miles to the north of Memphis, and was celebrated for the worship and the temple of the sun (Diod.i.85; Herod.ii.59), and for the obelisks, which in part are even now in existence. Traces of the ancient city, are now called عين شمس [“’Ain Shems”], and the modern adjacent village, Matarie; comp. Description de l’Egypte, Antiquités, vol. v. pl. 26, 27.

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List of Word Forms
אָ֑וֶן אָ֔וֶן אָ֖וֶן אָ֗וֶן אָ֙וֶן֙ אָ֛וֶן אָ֝֗וֶן אָ֣וֶן אָ֤וֶן ׀ אָ֥וֶן אָ֭וֶן אָֽוֶן׃ אוֹנ֑וֹ אוֹנִ֣ים אוֹנִים֙ אוֹנֵֽךְ׃ אוֹנָ֗ם און און׃ אונו אונים אונך׃ אונם בְאֹנִ֜י באני הָאָ֑וֶן האון וְאָ֖וֶן וְאָ֥וֶן וָאָ֑וֶן וָאָֽוֶן׃ ואון ואון׃ לְאָֽוֶן׃ לאון׃ מֵאָֽוֶן׃ מאון׃ ’ā·wen ’āwen ’ō·w·nām ’ō·w·nêḵ ’ō·w·nîm ’ō·w·nōw ’ōwnām ’ōwnêḵ ’ōwnîm ’ōwnōw aven ḇə’ōnî ḇə·’ō·nî hā’āwen hā·’ā·wen haAven lə’āwen lə·’ā·wen leAven mê’āwen mê·’ā·wen meAven oNam oNech oNim oNo vaAven veAven veoNi wā’āwen wā·’ā·wen wə’āwen wə·’ā·wen
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the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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