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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5130 - נוּף

Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to move to and fro, wave, besprinkle

1a) (Qal) to besprinkle, sprinkle

1b) (Polel) to wave, brandish (in threat)

1c) (Hiphil) to swing, wield, wave

1c1) to wield

1c2) to wave or shake (the hand)

1c2a) to wave (hand)

1c2b) to shake or brandish against

1c2c) to swing to and fro

1c3) to wave (an offering), offer

1c4) to shed abroad

1d) (Hophal) to be waved

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 142 ‑ αἴρω (ah'ee‑ro);  399 ‑ ἀναφέρω (an‑af‑er'‑o);  591 ‑ ἀποδίδωμι (ap‑od‑eed'‑o‑mee);  851 ‑ ἀφαιρέω (af‑ahee‑reh'‑o);  1670 ‑ ἑλκύω (hel‑koo'‑o, hel'‑ko);  1869 ‑ ἐπαίρω (ep‑ahee'‑ro);  1911 ‑ ἐπιβάλλω (ep‑ee‑bal'‑lo);  2007 ‑ ἐπιτίθημι (ep‑ee‑tith'‑ay‑mee);  2018 ‑ ἐπιφέρω (ep‑ee‑fer'‑o);  5342 ‑ φέρω (fer'‑o);  873 ‑ ἀφορίζω (af‑or‑id'‑zo);  3870 ‑ παρακαλέω (par‑ak‑al‑eh'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (37) NAS (38) HCS (37)
Exodus 5
Leviticus 10
Numbers 6
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 1
2 Kings 1
Job 1
Psalms 1
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 6
Zechariah 1
Exodus 5
Leviticus 10
Numbers 6
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 1
2 Kings 1
Job 1
Psalms 1
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 6
Zechariah 1
Exodus 5
Leviticus 11
Numbers 6
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 1
2 Kings 1
Job 1
Psalms 1
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 7
Zechariah 1

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1316) pn (נפ NP) AC: Shake CO: Sieve AB: ?: The pictograph n is a picture of seed, the p is a picture of a mouth. Combined these mean "seed in the mouth". A sieve is a tool used to separate out materials such as seeds by placing the material in the sieve, lifting it up and shaking it.

A) pn (נפ NP) AC: High CO: Sieve AB: ?

Nf1 ) epn (נפה NPH) - I. Sieve: II. Valley:As a sieve. KJV (4): border, coast, region, sieve - Strongs: H5299 (נָפָה)

Nf2) tpn (נפת NPT) - Heights: KJV (1): country - Strongs: H5316 (נָפוֹת)

J) pfn (נופ NWP) AC: Shake CO: ? AB: ?

V) pfn (נופ NWP) - Shake: KJV (37): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hophal) wave, shake, offer, lift, move, perfume, send, sift, strike - Strongs: H5130 (נוּף)

Nm) pfn (נופ NWP) - Elevation: KJV (1): situation - Strongs: H5131 (נוֹף)

if1) epfnt (תנופה TNWPH) - Shake: KJV (30): wave offering, wave, offering, shaking - Strongs: H8573 (תְּנוּפָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [נוּף] verb move to and fro, wave, besprinkle (Late Hebrew Hiph`il, Pilpal wave, blow, fan, compare נָפָה sift, נָפָה noun sieve (as Biblical Hebrew); ᵑ7 Aph`el as Biblical Hebrew; Syriac bend, wave, shake; Di compare Ethiopic quadril. distil, drop like dew; sift); —

Qal Perfect 1 singular ׳נַ֫פְתִּי מִשְׁכָּבִי מֹר וגו Proverbs 7:17 I have besprinkled my couch with myrrh, etc.

Po`lel Imperfect 3 masculine singular ׳יְנֹפֵף יָדוֺ הַר וגו Isaiah 10:32 he brandisheth his hand toward the mountain (on accusative הַר compare Ges§ 118f. Da Synt. § 69, R 2).

Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular הֵנִיף Joshua 8:31 +, 2 masculine singular הֵנַ֫פְתָּ Exodus 20:25 (Ges§ 72 k), וְהֵנַפְתָּ֫ Exodus 29:24 3t.; 1 singular הֲנִיפֹ֫תִי Job 31:21; Imperfect וַיָּ֫נֶף Leviticus 8:27; Numbers 8:21, suffix וַיְנִיפֵ֫הוּ Leviticus 8:29; 2 masculine singular תָּנִיף Deuteronomy 23:26 2t., etc.; Imperative masculine plural הָנִ֫יפוּ Isaiah 13:2; Infinitive construct הָנִיף Isaiah 10:15 2t.; לַהֲנָפָה Isaiah 30:28 (Ges§ 72 z Ba NB 90, see also הֲנָחָה), etc.; Participle מֵנִיף Isaiah 19:16; Zechariah 2:13, etc.; — swing, wield, wave:

1 wield, move tool to and fro in using it, with עַלֿ of material: כִּי חֵרְבְּךָ הֵנַפְתָּ עָלֶיהָ Exodus 20:25 (E), i.e. over stone, so Deuteronomy 27:5; Joshua 8:31 (D), and Deuteronomy 23:26 a sickle thou shalt not wield over the standing grain of thy neighbour; absolute מְנִיפוֺ Isaiah 10:15 against him that wieldeth it (i.e. a saw), and כְּהָנִיף שֵׁבֶטוְאֶתמְֿרִימוֺ Isaiah 10:15 (read אֶתֿ) like a rod's wielding him that lifteth it.2. Shake or wave the hand;

a. wave hand אֶלהַֿמָּקוֺם 2 Kings 5:11, in healing ceremony (i.e. probably toward sanctuary Kmp Kau; > toward the spot [where leprosy appears], so most).

b. with עַלֿ, shake or brandish against, Isaiah 11:15; Isaiah 19:16; Zechariah 2:13 (all of ׳י) Job 31:21 [compare Sirach 12:18 (without עַל) in mockery].

c. wave hand, as a signal, Isaiah 13:2.

3 swing to and fro בְּנָפַת, in a sieve, Isaiah 30:28 (figurative, of nations).

4 Oft. technical term in P (H), of rite in which originally the priest lifted his share of offering and waved it, i.e. moved it toward altar and back, in token of its presentation to God and its return by him to priest: in H, ׳וְהֵנִיף אֶתהָֿעֹמֶר לִפְנֵי י Leviticus 23:11 a compare Leviticus 23:11 b; Leviticus 23:12, also Leviticus 23:20 (on text see Di Dr-Wh Hpt); in P, וְהֵנַפְתָּ֫ אֹתוֺ׳תְּנוּפָה לִפְנֵי י Exodus 29:26, so Leviticus 7:30; Leviticus 8:29; Leviticus 10:15 (object omitted) Numbers 6:20; thus also Levites are set apart for service of the priests Numbers 8:11 (Di strike out see ), Numbers 8:13; Numbers 8:21, compare Numbers 8:14 (׳לִפְנֵי י omitted); but same phr, of entire lamb, with oil, Leviticus 14:12,24, and of offerings which were burnt, entirely Exodus 29:24 (compare Exodus 29:25), Leviticus 8:27 (compare Leviticus 8:28), or in part Numbers 5:25 (׳הֵנִיף הַמִּנְחָה לִפְנֵי י), — in these the original significance seems lost; Song of Solomon , clearly, of contributions for tabernacle, = offer ׳הֵנִיף תְּנוּפַת זָהָב לְי Exodus 35:22. — compare תְּנוּפָה below

5 Shed abroad (si vera lectio) גֶּשֶׁם נְדָבוֺת תָּנִיף Psalm 68:10 bounteous rain thou didst shed abroad [compare Sirach 43:17c], but verb not wholly suitable; Lag Gr proposes תַּטִּיף, yet this also questionable.

Hoph`al Perfect 3 masculine singular הוּנַף, be waved, Exodus 29:27 (P), passive of Hiph`il 4.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition


(1) pr. to wave up and down, to agitate, e.g. the hand (see Hiph.); hence

(2) to sprinkle anything with any thing (which is done by waving the hand), with two acc. Proverbs 7:17.

Hiphil הֵנִיף

(1) to wave, to shake

(a) the hand, to give a signal, and to beckon to some one, Isaiah 13:2 to threaten, followed by עַל Isaiah 11:15, 19:16 Zechariah 2:13; Job 31:21 the hand over any member to heal it, followed by עַל 2 Kings 5:11.

(b) a sieve, Isaiah 30:28.

(c) a rod, a saw, Isaiah 10:15, אִם־יִתְגַּדֵּל הַמַּשּׂוֹר עַל־מְנִיפוֹ “shall the saw boast itself against him who shaketh it? כְּהָנִיף שֵׁבֶט אֶת־מְרִימָיו as if the rod should shake him who lifts it up;” a sickle, Deu. 23:26. Followed by עַל Exodus 20:25; Joshua 8:31.

(d) specially used of a certain sacrificial rite, in which parts of the flesh to be offered to God were waved to and fro before they were placed upon the altar (compare porricere applied to a similar Roman rite), Leviticus 7:30, 8:27, 29 9:21 10:15 14:12, 24 Leviticus 14:24, 23:11, 12 Leviticus 23:12, 20 Leviticus 23:20; Numbers 5:25, 6:20 living victims, and the Levites in their initiation into office appear to have been led up and down, Exodus 35:22 -Numbers 8:1121. In the examples of the former kind, Saad. renders حرّك to wave, to shake, in those of the latter زفّ to lead, to lead about. An offering thus presented was called תְּנוּפָה wave offering, Luth. Webeopfer. As to the opinions of the Jews about it, see Carpzov, in Apparatu Antiqu. S. Cod. p. 709, seq.

(2) to scatter, shake forth (used of God sending rain), Psalms 68:10.

Hophal הוּנַף pass. of No. 1, d. Exodus 29:27.

Pilel נוֹפֵף i.q. Hiph. No. 1, to shake the hand against anything, a gesture of threatening, Isaiah 10:32.

Derivatives, נָפָה, [נֶפֶת], נֹפֶת, תְּנוּפָה and

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List of Word Forms
הֲנִֽיפְכֶ֖ם הֲנִיפ֣וֹתִי הֵנִ֛יף הֵנִ֥יף הֵנִ֧יף הֵנַ֥פְתָּ הָנִ֣יפוּ הוּנַ֖ף הונף הניף הניפו הניפותי הניפכם הנפת וְהֵנִ֣יף וְהֵנִ֤יף וְהֵנִ֥יף וְהֵנִ֧יף וְהֵנִ֨יף וְהֵנִיף֩ וְהֵנַפְתָּ֥ וַיְנִיפֵ֥הוּ וַיָּ֧נֶף וַיָּ֨נֶף והניף והנפת ויניפהו וינף יְנִיפֶ֖נּוּ יְנֹפֵ֤ף יניפנו ינפף כְּהָנִ֥יף כהניף לְהָנִ֥יף לַהֲנָפָ֥ה להניף להנפה מְנִיפ֔וֹ מֵנִ֤יף מֵנִ֥יף מניף מניפו נַ֥פְתִּי נפתי תָּנִ֣יף תָנִ֔יף תָנִ֥יף תניף hă·nî·p̄ə·ḵem hă·nî·p̄ō·w·ṯî hā·nî·p̄ū hanifChem haniFoti haNifu hănîp̄əḵem hănîp̄ōwṯî hānîp̄ū hê·nap̄·tā hê·nîp̄ heNafta hênap̄tā heNif hênîp̄ hū·nap̄ huNaf hūnap̄ kə·hā·nîp̄ kehaNif kəhānîp̄ la·hă·nā·p̄āh lahanaFah lahănāp̄āh lə·hā·nîp̄ lehaNif ləhānîp̄ mə·nî·p̄ōw mê·nîp̄ meNif meniFo mênîp̄ mənîp̄ōw Nafti nap̄·tî nap̄tî tā·nîp̄ ṯā·nîp̄ taNif tānîp̄ ṯānîp̄ vaiYanef vayniFehu vehenafTa veheNif way·nî·p̄ê·hū way·yā·nep̄ waynîp̄êhū wayyānep̄ wə·hê·nap̄·tā wə·hê·nîp̄ wəhênap̄tā wəhênîp̄ yə·nî·p̄en·nū yə·nō·p̄êp̄ yeniFennu yənîp̄ennū yenoFef yənōp̄êp̄
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