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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words
lit., "to reduce to inactivity" (kata, "down," argos, "inactive"), is translated "abolish" in Ephesians 2:15; 2 Timothy 1:10 , in the RV only in 1 Corinthians 15:24,26 . It is rendered "is abolished" in the AV of 2 Corinthians 3:13; the RV corrects to "was passing away" (marg., "was being done away"). In this and similar words not loss of being is implied, but loss of well being.The barren tree was cumbering the ground, making it useless for the purpose of its existence, Luke 13:7; the unbelief of the Jews could not "make of none effect" the faithfulness of God, Romans 3:3; the preaching of the Gospel could not "make of none effect" the moral enactments of the Law, Romans 3:31; the Law could not make the promise of "none effect," Romans 4:14; Galatians 3:17; the effect of the identification of the believer with Christ in His death is to render inactive his body in regard to sin, Romans 6:6; the death of a woman's first husband discharges her from the law of the husband, that is, it makes void her status as his wife in the eyes of the law, Romans 7:2; in that sense the believer has been discharged from the Law, Romans 7:6; God has chosen things that are not "to bring to nought things that are," i.e., to render them useless for practical purposes, 1 Corinthians 1:28; the princes of this world are "brought to nought," i.e., their wisdom becomes ineffective, 1 Corinthians 2:6; the use for which the human stomach exists ceases with man's death, 1 Corinthians 6:13; knowledge, prophesyings, and that which was in part were to be "done away," 1 Corinthians 13:8,10 , i.e., they were to be rendered of no effect after their temporary use was fulfilled; when the Apostle became a man he did away with the ways of a child, 1 Corinthians 13:11; God is going to abolish all rule and authority and power, i.e., He is going to render them inactive, 1 Corinthians 15:24; the last enemy that shall be abolished, or reduced to inactivity, is death, 1 Corinthians 15:26; the glory shining in the face of Moses, "was passing away," 2 Corinthians 3:7 , the transitoriness of its character being of a special significance; so in 2 Corinthians 3:11,13; the veil upon the heart of Israel is "done away" in Christ, 2 Corinthians 3:14; those who seek justification by the Law are "severed" from Christ, they are rendered inactive in relation to Him, Galatians 5:4; the essential effect of the preaching of the Cross would become inoperative by the preaching of circumcision, Galatians 5:11; by the death of Christ the barrier between Jew and Gentile is rendered inoperative as such, Ephesians 2:15; the Man of Sin is to be reduced to inactivity by the manifestation of the Lord's Parousia with His people, 2 Thessalonians 2:8; Christ has rendered death inactive for the believer, 2 Timothy 1:10 , death becoming the means of a more glorious life, with Christ; the Devil is to be reduced to inactivity through the death of Christ, Hebrews 2:14 . See CEASE , CUMBER , DESTROY , DO , Note (7), OF NONE EFFECT, NOUGHT , PUT , No. 19, VOID.
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Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Abolish'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/a/abolish.html. 1940.
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