Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Affection, Affected

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A — 1: πάθος

(Strong's #3806 — Noun Neuter — pathos — path'-os )

from pascho, "to suffer," primarily denotes whatever one suffers or experiences in any way; hence, "an affection of the mind, a passionate desire." Used by the Greeks of either good or bad desires, it is always used in the NT of the latter, Romans 1:26 (AV, "affections," RV, "passions"); Colossians 3:5 (AV, "inordinate affection," RV, "passion"); 1 Thessalonians 4:5 (AV, "lust," RV, "passion"). See LUST.

A — 2: σπλάγχνον

(Strong's #4698 — Noun Neuter — splanchna — splangkh'-non )

lit., "the bowels," which were regarded by the Greeks as the seat of the more violent passions, by the Hebrews as the seat of the tender "affections;" hence the word denotes "tender mercies" and is rendered "affections" in 2 Corinthians 6:12 (AV, "bowels"); "inward affection," 2 Corinthians 7:15 . See BOWELS , COMPASSION , HEART , MERCY. Cp. epithumia, "desire."

A — 3: πάθημα

(Strong's #3804 — Noun Neuter — pathema — path'-ay-mah )

akin to No. 1, translated "affections" in Galatians 5:24 , AV, is correct to "passions" in the RV. See AFFLICTION , B. No. 3.

B — 1: ἄστοργος

(Strong's #794 — Adjective — astorgos — as'-tor-gos )

signifies "without natural affection" (a, negative, and storge, "love of kindred," especially of parents for children and children for parents; a fanciful etymology associates with this the "stork"), Romans 1:31; 2 Timothy 3:3 .

B — 2: φιλόστοργος

(Strong's #5387 — Adjective — philostorgos — fil-os'-tor-gos )

"tenderly loving" (from philos, "friendly," storge, see No. 1), is used in Romans 12:10 , RV, "tenderly affectioned" (AV, "kindly affectioned").

Notes: (1) Phroneo, "to think, to set the mind on," implying moral interest and reflection, is translated "set your affection on" in Colossians 3:2 , AV (RV, "set your mind on"). See CAREFUL MIND, REGARD , SAVOR , THINK , UNDERSTAND.

(2) For homeiromai (or himeiromai), "to be affectionately desirous of," 1 Thessalonians 2:8 , see DESIRE.

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These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Affection, Affected'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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