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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words
probably denotes a downcast look, expressive of sorrow; hence, "dejection, heaviness;" it is used in James 4:9 .
"to be troubled, much distressed," is used of the Lord's sorrow in Gethsemane, Matthew 26:37; Mark 14:33 , AV, "to be very heavy," RV, "to be sore troubled;" of Epaphroditus, because the saints at Philippi had received news of his sickness, Philippians 2:26 , AV, "was full of heaviness," RV, "was sore troubled." See TROUBLE. B, No. 12.
always in the Passive Voice in the NT, is rendered "were heavy" in Matthew 26:43; Mark 14:40; Luke 9:32 . See BURDEN.Note: For "heavy laden," Matthew 11:28 , see LADE , No. 3.
"heavy" (akin to B, No. 3), is so rendered in Matthew 23:4 . See GRIEVOUS.
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Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Heavy, Heaviness'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/h/heavy-heaviness.html. 1940.