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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Humble

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A — 1: ταπεινός

(Strong's #5011 — Adjective — tapeinos — tap-i-nos' )

primarily signifies "low-lying." It is used always in a good sense in the NT, metaphorically, to denote (a) "of low degree, brought low," Luke 1:52; Romans 12:16 , AV, "(men) of low estate," RV, "(things that are) lowly" (i.e., of low degree); 2 Corinthians 7:6 , AV, "cast down," RV, "lowly;" the preceding context shows that this occurrence belongs to (a); James 1:9 , "of low degree;" (b) humble in spirit, Matthew 11:29; 2 Corinthians 10:1 , RV, "lowly," AV "base;" James 4:6; 1 Peter 5:5 . See BASE , CAST , Note (7), DEGREE (Note), LOWLY.

A — 2: ταπεινός

(Strong's #5011 5424 — Adjective — tapeinophron — tap-i-nos' )

"humble-minded" (phren, "the mind"), 1 Peter 3:8; see COURTEOUS.

B — 1: ταπεινόω

(Strong's #5013 — Verb — tapeinoo — tap-i-no'-o )

akin to A, signifies "to make low," (a) literally, "of mountains and hills," Luke 3:5 (Passive Voice); (b) metaphorically, in the Active Voice, Matthew 18:4; 23:12 (2nd part); Luke 14:11 (2nd part); 18:14 (2nd part); 2 Corinthians 11:7 ("abasing"); 12:21; Philippians 2:8; in the Passive Voice, Matthew 23:12 (1st part), RV, "shall be humbled," AV, "shall be abased;" Luke 14:11 (ditto); 18:14 (ditto); Philippians 4:12 , "to be abased;" in the Passive, with Middle voice sense, James 4:10 , "humble yourselves;" 1 Peter 5:6 (ditto). See ABASE , LOW (to bring).

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Humble'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/h/humble.html. 1940.

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