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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Cast

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A — 1: βάλλω

(Strong's #906 — Verb — ballo — bal'-lo )

"to throw, hurl, in contrast to striking," is frequent in the four Gospels and Revelation; elsewhere it is used only in Acts. In Matthew 5:30 some mss. have this verb (AV, "should be cast"); the most authentic have aperchomai, "to go away," RV, "go." See ARISE , BEAT , DUNG , LAY , POUR , PUT , SEND , STRIKE , THROW , THRUST.

A — 2: ῥίπτω

(Strong's #4496 — Verb — rhipto — hrip'-to )

denotes "to throw with a sudden motion, to jerk, cast forth;" "cast down," Matthew 15:30; 27:5; "thrown down," Luke 4:35; "thrown," Luke 17:2 (AV, "cast"); rhipteo in Acts 22:23 (AV, "cast off"), of the "casting" off of clothes (in the next sentence ballo, No. 1, is used of "casting" dust into the air); in Acts 27:19 "cast out," of the tackling of a ship; in Acts 27:29 "let go" (AV, "cast"), of anchors; in Matthew 9:36 , "scattered," said of sheep. See THROW , SCATTER.

A — 3: ἐκπίπτω

(Strong's #1601 — Verb — ekpipto — ek-pip'-to )

lit., "to fall out," is translated "be cast ashore," in Acts 27:29 , RV, AV, "have fallen upon." See EFFECT , FAIL , FALL , NOUGHT.

*A number of compound verbs consisting of ballo or rhipto, with prepositions prefixed, denote to cast, with a corresponding English preposition. Compounds of ballo are:

A — 4: ἀποβάλλω

(Strong's #577 — Verb — apoballo — ap-ob-al'-lo )

"to throw off from, to lay aside, to cast away," Mark 10:50; Hebrews 10:35 .

Note: Apobole, "casting away" (akin to No. 4), is used of Israel in Romans 11:15; elsewhere, Acts 27:22 , "loss" (of life).

A — 5: ἐκβάλλω

(Strong's #1544 — Verb — ekballo — ek-bal'-lo )

"to cast out of, from, forth," is very frequent in the Gospels and Acts; elsewhere, in Galatians 4:30; 3 John 1:10; in James 2:25 , "sent out;" in Revelation 11:2 , "leave out" (marg., "cast without"). See BRING , No. 28, DRIVE, EXPEL, LEAVE, PLUCK, PULL, PUT, SEND, TAKE, THRUST.

A — 6: ἐμβάλλω

(Strong's #1685 — Verb — emballo — em-bal'-lo )

"to cast into," is used in Luke 12:5 .

A — 7: ἐπιβάλλω

(Strong's #1911 — Verb — epiballo — ep-ee-bal'-lo )

"to cast on, or upon," is used in this sense in Mark 11:7; 1 Corinthians 7:35 . See BEAT (No. 5), FALL, No. 11, LAY, PUT, No. 8, STRETCH.

A — 8: καταβάλλω

(Strong's #2598 — Verb — kataballo — kat-ab-al'-lo )

signifies "to cast down," 2 Corinthians 4:9 , AV, "cast down," RV, "smitten down;" Hebrews 6:1 , "laying." See LAY. Some mss. have this verb in Revelation 12:10 (for ballo).

A — 9: βάλλω

(Strong's #906 — Verb — amphiballo — bal'-lo )

to cast around, occurs Mark 1:16 .

A — 10: περιβάλλω

(Strong's #4016 — Verb — periballo — per-ee-bal'-lo )

"to cast about, or around," is used in 23 of its 24 occurrences, of putting on garments, clothing, etc.; it is translated "cast about" in Mark 14:51; Acts 12:8; in Luke 19:43 , used of "casting" up a bank or palisade against a city (see RV and marg.), AV, "shall cast a trench about thee." See CLOTHE , No. 6, PUT.

*Compounds of rhipto are:

A — 11: ἀπορίπτω

(Strong's #641 — Verb — aporipto — ap-or-hrip'-to )

"to cast off," Acts 27:43 , of shipwrecked people in throwing themselves into the water.

A — 12: ἐπιρίπτω

(Strong's #1977 — Verb — epiripto — ep-ir-hrip'-to )

"to cast upon," (a) lit., "of casting garments on a colt," Luke 19:35; (b) figuratively, "of casting care upon God," 1 Peter 5:7 .

*Other verbs are:

A — 13: ἀπωθέω

(Strong's #683 — Verb — apotheo — ap-o-theh'-om-ahee, ap-o'-thom-ahee )

"to thrust away" (apo, "away," otheo, "to thrust"), in the NT used in the Middle Voice, signifying "to thrust from oneself, to cast off, by way of rejection," Acts 7:27,39; 13:46; Romans 11:1,2; 1 Timothy 1:19 . See PUT and THRUST.

A — 14: καθαιρέω

(Strong's #2507 — Verb — kathaireo — kath-ahee-reh'-o )

kata, "down," haireo, "to take, to cast down, demolish," in 2 Corinthians 10:5 , of strongholds and imaginations. See DESTROY , PULL , PUT , TAKE.

Note: The corresponding noun kathairesis, "a casting down," is so rendered in 2 Corinthians 10:4 (AV, "pulling down") and 2 Corinthians 13:10 (AV, "destruction").

A — 15: διαλογίζομαι

(Strong's #1260 — Verb — dialogizomai — dee-al-og-id'-zom-ahee )

"to reason" (dia, "through," logizomai, "to reason"), is translated "cast in (her) mind," Luke 1:29 . See DISPUTE , MUSING , REASON , THINK.

A — 16: ἀποτίθημι

(Strong's #659 — Verb — apotithemi — ap-ot-eeth'-ay-mee )

"to put off, lay aside," denotes, in the Middle Voice, "to put off from oneself, cast off," used figuratively of works of darkness, Romans 13:12 , "let us cast off," (aorist tense, denoting a definite act). See LAY , No. 8, PUT, No. 5.

A — 17: διαλογίζομαι

(Strong's #1260 — Verb — ektithemi — dee-al-og-id'-zom-ahee )

"to expose, cast out" (ek, "out," tithemi, "to put"), is said of a new-born child in Acts 7:21 . In Acts 7:19 "cast out" translates the phrase poieo, "to make," with ekthetos, "exposed," a verbal form of ektithemi. See EXPOUND.

A — 18: περιαιρέω

(Strong's #4014 — Verb — periaireo — per-ee-ahee-reh'-o )

"to take away," is used in Acts 27:40 , as a nautical term, RV, "casting off," AV, "taken up." See TAKE.

Notes: (1) For zemioo, "cast away," Luke 9:25 , see FORFEIT. (2) For katakremnizo, Luke 4:29 (AV, "cast down headlong"), see THROW. (3) For oneidizo, Matthew 27:44 (AV, "cast in one's teeth"), see REPROACH. (4) For paradidomi, Matthew 4:12 (AV, "cast into prison"), see DELIVER. (5) For atheteo, 1 Timothy 5:12 (AV, "cast off"), see REJECT. (6) For ekteino, Acts 27:30 (AV, "cast out"), see LAY No. 13. (7) For tapeinos, 2 Corinthians 7:6 (AV, "cast down"), see LOWLY.

B — 1: βολή

(Strong's #1000 — Noun Feminine — bole — bol-ay' )

denotes "a throw" (akin to ballo, "to throw"), and is used in Luke 22:21 in the phrase "a stone's cast," of the distance from which the Lord was parted from the disciples in the garden of Gethsemane.

Note: In James 1:17 , aposkiasma (from aposkiazo, "to cast a shadow"), is rendered "shadow that is cast," RV.

C — 1: ἀδόκιμος

(Strong's #96 — Adjective — adokimos — ad-ok'-ee-mos )

signifies not standing the test, rejected, (a), negative, and dokimos, "tested, approved;" it is said of things, e.g., the land, Hebrews 6:8 , "rejected," and of persons, Romans 1:28 , "reprobate;" 1 Corinthians 9:27 , AV, "castaway," RV "rejected" (i.e., disapproved, and so rejected from present testimony, with loss of future reward); 2 Corinthians 13:5-7 , "reprobate" (sing. in RV in each verse), i.e., that will not stand the test; 2 Timothy 3:8 , "reprobate (concerning the faith)," Titus 1:16 , "reprobate." See REJECT , REPROBATE.

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These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Cast'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/c/cast.html. 1940.

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