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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Refresh, Refreshing

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A — 1: ἀναπαύω

(Strong's #373 — Verb — anapauo — an-ap-ow'-o )

"to give intermission from labor, to give rest, refresh" (ana, "back," pauo, "to cause to cease"), is translated "to refresh" in 1 Corinthians 16:18; 2 Corinthians 7:13; Philemon 1:7,20 . See REST.

A — 2: συναναπαύομαι

(Strong's #4875 — Verb — sunanapauomai — soon-an-ap-ow'-om-ahee )

"to lie down, to rest with" (sun, "with," and No. 1 in the Middle Voice), is used metaphorically of being "refreshed" in spirit with others, in Romans 15:32 , AV, "may with (you) be refreshed" (RV, "... find rest"). In the Sept., Isaiah 11:6 .

A — 3: ἀναψύχω

(Strong's #404 — Verb — anapsucho — an-aps-oo'-kho )

"to make cool, refresh" (ana, "back," psucho, "to cool"), is used in 2 Timothy 1:16 (cp. B). In the papyri it is used of "taking relaxation."

Note: In Acts 27:3 , the verb tunchano, "to obtain or receive," with the object epimeleia, "care," is translated "to refresh himself" (RV, marg., "to receive attention," i.e., to enjoy the kind attention of his friends).

B — 1: ἀνάψυξις

(Strong's #403 — Noun Feminine — anapsuxis — an-aps'-ook-sis )

"a refreshing" (akin to A, No. 3), occurs in Acts 3:19 . In the Sept., Exodus 8:15 . In the papyri it is used of "obtaining relief."

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Refresh, Refreshing'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/r/refresh-refreshing.html. 1940.

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