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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Sorrow, Sorrowful

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A — 1: λύπη
(Strong's #3077 — Noun Feminine — lupe — loo'-pay )

"grief, sorrow," is translated "sorrow" in Luke 22:45; John 16:6,20-22; Romans 9:2 , RV (AV, "heaviness"); 2 Corinthians 2:1 , RV; 2:3,7; 7:10 (twice); Philippians 2:27 (twice). See GRIEF.

A — 2: ὀδύνη
(Strong's #3601 — Noun Feminine — odune — od-oo'-nay )

"pain, consuming grief, distress," whether of body or mind, is used of the latter, Romans 9:2 , RV, "pain;" 1 Timothy 6:10 .

A — 3: ὠδίν
(Strong's #5604 — Noun Feminine — odin — o-deen' )

"a birth-pang, travail, pain," "sorrows," Matthew 24:8; Mark 13:8; see PAIN , A, No. 2.

A — 4: πένθος
(Strong's #3997 — Noun Neuter — penthos — pen'-thos )

"mourning," "sorrow," Revelation 18:7 (twice); 21:4; see MOURN.

B — 1: λυπέω
(Strong's #3076 — Verb — lupeo — loo-peh'-o )

akin to A, No. 1: see GRIEF , B, No. 1, SORRY, A (below).

B — 2: ὀδυνάω
(Strong's #3600 — Verb — odunao — od-oo-nah'-o )

"to cause pain" (akin to A, No. 2), is used in the Middle Voice in Luke 2:48; Acts 20:38 : see ANGUISH , B, No. 3.

C — 1: περίλυπος
(Strong's #4036 — Adjective — perilupos — per-il'-oo-pos )

"very sad, deeply grieved" (peri, intensive), is used in Matthew 26:38; Mark 14:34 , "exceeding sorrowful;" Mark 6:26; Luke 18:23 (ver. 24 in some mss.).

C — 2: ἄλυπος
(Strong's #253 — Adjective — alupos — al-oo-pot'-er-os )

denotes "free from grief" (a, negative, lupe, "grief"), comparative degree in Philippians 2:28 , "less sorrowful," their joy would mean the removal of a burden from his heart.

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Sorrow, Sorrowful'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/s/sorrow-sorrowful.html. 1940.

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