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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Olives, Olive Tree

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1: ἐλαία
(Strong's #1636 — Noun Feminine — elaia — el-ah'-yah )

denotes (a) "an olive tree," Romans 11:17,24 ; Revelation 11:4 (plural); the Mount of Olives was so called from the numerous olive trees there, and indicates the importance attached to such; the Mount is mentioned in the NT in connection only with the Lord's life on earth, Matthew 21:1 ; 24:3 ; 26:30 ; Mark 11:1 ; 13:3 ; 14:26 ; Luke 19:37 ; 22:39 ; John 8:1 ; (b) "an olive," James 3:12 , RV (AV, "olive berries").

2: ἐλαιών
(Strong's #1638 — Noun Masculine — elaion — el-ah-yone' )

"an olive grove" or "olive garden," the ending -- on, as in this class of noun, here indicates "a place set with trees of the kind designated by the primitive" (Thayer); hence it is applied to the Mount of Olives, Luke 19:29 ; 21:37 ; Acts 1:12 ("Olivet"): in the first two of these and in Mark 11:1 , some mss. have the form of the noun as in No. 1.

3: καλλιέλαιος
(Strong's #2565 — Noun Feminine — kallielaios — kal-le-el'-ah-yos )

"the garden olive" (from kallos, "beauty," and No. 1), occurs in Romans 11:24 , "a good olive tree."

4: ἀγριέλαιος
(Strong's #65 — Adjective — agrielaios — ag-ree-el'-ah-yos )

an adjective (from agrios, "growing in the fields, wild," and No. 1), denoting "of the wild olive," is used as a noun in Romans 11:17,24 , "a wild olive tree" (RV, in the latter verse).

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Olives, Olive Tree'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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