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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature


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(usually פָּקַיד, pakid', visitor, Genesis 39:4; Genesis 41:34; but Piel of נָצִח, to preside, in 2 Chronicles 2:2; 2 Chronicles 2:18; 2 Chronicles 34:13; שׁוֹטֵר, in Proverbs 6:7; ἐπίσκοπος, a bishop, in Acts 20:28), not only an officer who had the superintendence of the household, as Joseph had in that of Pontiphar, but also an overlooker of work-men, as those appointed by Solomon (2 Chronicles 2:18) (See OFFICER). We read that Pharaoh set taskmasters or overseers, over the children of Israel, who "made their lives bitter with hard bondage" (Exodus 1:14), a statement fully confirmed by the monuments, where the taskmasters are uniformly represented armed with cudgels. (See BASTINADO). In the margins of many of the Psalms, the Hebrew word מְנָצֵּח is properly rendered overseer, meaning probably the chief musician, as the text has it. (See Gesenius, Thesaur. s.v.) (See CHIEF MUSICIAN).

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Overseer'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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