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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Rehum

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(Heb. and Chald. Rechum', רְחוּם, compassionate; Sept. ῾Ρεούμ, but in Nehemiah 3:17 ῾Ραούμ ), the name of five men.

1. One of the "children of the province" who returned from the Babylonian captivity with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:2). B.C. 536. In the parallel passage (Nehemiah 7:7) he is called NEHUM.

2. One of the priests who returned from Babylon at the same time (Nehemiah 12:3). B.C. 536. In a subsequent verse (Nehemiah 12:15) he seems to be called HARIM (See HARIM) (q.v.).

3. A Persian officer in Samaria, joint author with Shimshai of a letter which turned Artaxerxes against the building-plans of the Jews (Ezra 4:8; 9, 17, 23). B.C. 535. "He was perhaps a kind of lieutenant-governor of the province under the king of Persia, holding apparently the same office as Tatnai, who is described in Ezra 5:6 as taking part in a similar transaction, and is there called the governor on this side the river.' The Chaldee title, בְּעֵלאּטְעֵם, bel-te4m, literally lord of decree,' is left untranslated in the Sept. Βαλτάμ and the Vulg. Beelteem; and the rendering chancellor' in the A.V. appears to have been derived from Kimchi and others, who explain it, in consequence of its connection with scribe,' by the Hebrew word which is usually rendered recorder.' This appears to have been the view taken by the author of 1 Esdras 2:25, γράφων τὰ προσπίπτοντα, and by Josephus (Ant. 11:2, 1), πάντα τὰ πραττόμενα γράφων. The former of these seems to be a gloss, for the Chaldee title is also represented by Βεελτέθμος "

4. A Levite, son of Bani, and one of the builders of the wall of Jerusalem under Nehemiah (Nehemiah 3:17). B.C. 445.

5. One of the chief Israelites who signed the covenant with Nehemiah (Nehemiah 10:25). B.C. 410.

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Rehum'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tce/r/rehum.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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