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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #8138 - שָׁנָה
1) to repeat, do again, change, alter
1a) (Qal) to change
1b) (Niphal) to be repeated
1c) (Piel) to change, alter
1d) (Hithpael) to disguise oneself
1474) ns (סהנ ShN) AC: Sharp CO: Teeth AB: ?: The pictograph s is a picture of the teeth, the n is a picture of a seed representing continuance. Combined these mean "teeth continue". The two front teeth are sharp and used for cutting foods by pressing down. (eng: shine - from the whiteness of the teeth)
V) ens (סהנה ShNH) - I. Change:To exchange one thing for another. II. Repeat:To do something a second time. KJV (23): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael, Piel) change, second, again, diverse, alter, disguise, double, pervert, prefer, repeat - Strongs: H8138 (שָׁנָה)
Nm/f) ens (סהנה ShNH) - I. Two:In the sense of the changing seasons. [Hebrew and Aramaic; Written in the plural form mitsor nintin the Aramaic] [df: Myts]II. Sleep:[Unknown connection to rootHebrew and Aramaic] KJV (772): two, both, second, twain, twice, double - Strongs: H8147 (שְׁתַּיִם), H8578 (תִּנְיָן), H8648 (תַּרְתֵּין)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
שָׁנָה fut. יִשְׁנֶה (once יִשְׁנֶא Lamentations 4:1).
(1) to repeat, to do the second time; Arab. ثنى; Syr. ܬܢܳܐ (comp. שְׁנַיִם two; שֵׁנִי second). Nehemiah 13:21, אִם תִּשְׁנוּ “if ye do (this) again;” 1 Kings 18:34. Followed by לְ 1 Samuel 26:8, “I will strike him once וְלֹא אֶשְׁנֶה לוֹ and I will not repeat to him,” sc. the blow, i.e. there shall be no need of another stroke. 2 Samuel 20:10 followed by בְּ Proverbs 26:11, “a fool שֹׁנֶה בְאִוַּלְתּוֹ who repeats (or goes on acting) in his folly.” Proverbs 17:9, שֹׁנֶה בְדָבָר “he who repeats in a matter,” i.e. who revives unpleasant things which should be forgotten.
(2) intrans., to be other, diverse from any thing; followed by מִן Esther 1:7, 3:8.
(3) to be changed; especially for the worse, Lam. loc. cit.; used of the mind. Malachi 3:6, “I, Jehovah, do not change.” Part. שֹׁנִים those who change opinion, changeable; used of unfaithful subjects, rebels, who sometimes take one side, sometimes another (compare Jeremiah 2:36), Proverbs 24:21.
Niphal, to be repeated (a dream), Genesis 41:32.
Piel, שִׁנָּה (once שִׁנָּא in the Chaldee form, 2 Kings 25:29).
(1) to change; garments, 2 Kings 25:29; Jeremiah 52:33 a promise, Psalms 89:35 justice (i.e. to violate), Proverbs 31:5 also to vary, i.e. often to change (a way), Jeremiah 2:36 to disfigure (the face), Job 14:20.
(2) to transfer to another place, Esther 2:9.
(3) שִׁנָה אֶת־טַעֲמוֹ to deform, i.e. to dissimulate his reason (er verleugnete feinen Verftand), i.e. to feign oneself mad, 1 Samuel 21:14; Psalms 34:1. Syr. ܫܰܢܺܝ ܛܥܡܐ and ellipt. ܫܢܐܳ is, to be mad.
Pual, to be changed (in a good sense), Ecclesiastes 8:1 where יְשֻׁנֶּא is for יְשֻׁנֶּה.
Hithpael, to change oneself, i.e. to change one’s garments, 1 Kings 14:2.
Derivatives, שִׁנְאָן, שָׁנָה, שְׁנַיִם, שֵׁנִי, מִשְׁנֶה.
שָׁנָה i.q. Arab. سنى to shine, to be bright, whence שָׁנִי.
שָׁנָה pl. שָׁנִים const. שְׁנֵי, poet. שָׁנוֹת const. שְׁנוֹת f. a year (pr. an iteration, sc. of the course of the sun, or of the changes of seasons, as spring, summer, autumn, winter; compare the Lat. annus, which pr. denotes a circle, Gr. ἐνιαυτός, Arab. حَوْلُ a circle, a year). שָׁנָה שָׁנָה Deuteronomy 14:22 שָׁנָה בְשָׁנָה Deuteronomy 15:20 מִדֵּי שָׁנָה בְשָׁנָה 1 Samuel 7:16, yearly. שְׁנַת שְׁתַּיִם the second year, 2 Kings 14:1 שְׁנַת אַרְבַּע לאח׳ the fourth year of Ahab, 1 Kings 22:41. Sometimes שָׁנָה is repeated, as בִּשְׁנַת שֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת שָׁנָה in the six hundredth year, Genesis 7:11, pr. in the (last) year of six hundred years. Plur. שָׁנִים also denotes some years indefinitely, 2 Chronicles 18:2, compare יָמִים, some days. Trop. year is used or annual produce, Joel 2:25.
Dual שְׁנָתַיִם two years, Genesis 11:10 sometimes שְׁנָתַיִם יָמִים pr. two years of time, see יָמִים No. 2,, p. 342, A.
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