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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #683 - ἀπωθέομαι

Transliteration
apōthéomai
Phonetics
ap-o-theh'-om-ahee, ap-o'-thom-ahee  
Word Origin
from (575) and the middle voice of otheo or otho (to shove)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
1:448,
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to thrust away, push away, repel
  2. to thrust away from one's self, to drive away from one's self
    1. repudiate, reject, refuse
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1272 ‑ בָּרַח (baw‑rakh');  1350 ‑ גָּאַל (gaw‑al');  1504 ‑ גָּזַר (gaw‑zar');  1639 ‑ גָּרַע (gaw‑rah');  1644 ‑ גָּרַשׁ (gaw‑rash');  1760 ‑ דָּחַח (daw‑khaw', daw‑khakh');  1920 ‑ הָדַף (haw‑daf');  1972 ‑ הָלָא (haw‑law');  2186 ‑ זָנַח (zaw‑nakh');  3988 ‑ מָאַס (maw‑as');  5006 ‑ נָאַץ (naw‑ats');  5080 ‑ נָדַח (naw‑dakh');  5428 ‑ נָתַשׁ (naw‑thash');  5472 ‑ סוּג (soog);  5647 ‑ עָבַד (aw‑bad');  6544 ‑ פָּרַע (paw‑rah');  7368 ‑ רָחַק (raw‑khak');  7489 ‑ רָעַע (raw‑ah');  7686 ‑ שָׁגָה (shaw‑gaw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (6) NAS (6) HCS (6)
Acts 3
Romans 2
1 Timothy 1
Acts 3
Romans 2
1 Timothy 1
Acts 3
Romans 2
1 Timothy 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-ADI-3P 1
V-ADI-3S 3
V-ADP-NPM 1
V-PNI-2P 1
V-ADI-3P 1
V-ADI-3S 3
V-ADP-NPM 1
V-PNI-2P 1
V-ADI-3P 1
V-ADI-3S 3
V-ADP-NPM 1
V-PNI-2P 1
NA WH
V-ADI-3P 1
V-ADI-3S 3
V-ADP-NPM 1
V-PNI-2P 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

{ἀπωθεìομαι} ἀπωìομαι

From G575 and the middle voice of ὠθεìω ōtheō or ὠìθω ōthō (to shove)

ὠθ-έω, Att. impf. ἐώθουν Ar. Pax 637 (troch.), D. 9.65, (ἐξ-) Th. 7.52, etc., and ἐώθει even in h.Merc. 305; Ion. and Ephesians 3:1-21 sg. ὤθει Il. 21.241; Ion. ὤθεσκε Od. 11.596: but ὤθει E. IT 1395 is f.l. for ὠθεῖ (Kirchhoff): fut. ὠθήσω Id. Cyc. 592, Ar. Ec. 300 (lyr.), (ἐξ-) S. Aj. 1248; but ὤσω E. Med. 379, Andr. 344, and always in Prose; ἀπ-ώσω Od. 15.280, inf. ἀπ-ωσέμεν Il. 13.367: Att. aor. ἔωσα Pl. Ti. 60c, etc., (ἐξ-) S. OC 1296, 1330, etc.; Ion. and ὦσα Il. 1.220, Hdt. 7.167, ὤσασκε Od. 11.599; but ἔωσα Il. 16.410, (ἀπ-) Od. 9.81; later ὤθησα Ael. NA 13.17, etc.: pf. ἔωκα (ἐξ-) Plu. 2.48c: plpf. ἐώκει (ἐξ-) Id. Brut. 42: Med., fut. ὤσομαι (ἀπ-) S. El. 944, etc., (δι-) A. Fr. 199.9, etc.: Att. aor. ἐωσάυην Th. 4.43, Ar. V. 1085 (troch., with vv. ll.); Ion. and ὠσάμην Il. 16.592, Hdt. 9.25, v.l. in Ar. V. l.c.: Pass., fut. ὠσθήσομαι E. Med. 335 (v.l. ὠθήσομαι), (ἐξ-) D. 24.61: Att. aor. ἐώσθην (ἐξ-) X. HG 2.4.34, etc.; later ὤσθην (ἐξ-) Arr. An. 4.25.3, Plot. 4.4.45: Att. pf. ἔωσμαι X. Cyr. 7.1.36, (ἀπ-, περι-) Th. 2.39, 3.57; Ion. part. ἀπωσμένος Hdt. 5.69:

I

1. thrust, push, I mostly of human force, as of Sisyphus, σκηριπτόμενος χερσίν τε ποσίν τε λᾶαν ἄνω ὤθεσκε ποτὶ λόφον he kept pushing it.., Od. 11.596, cf. 599; ἀπὸ εἷο τράπεζαν ὦσε ποδὶ πλήξας 22.20; [ ἔγχος] ὑπὲκ δίφροιο pushed it away from.., Il. 5.854; ἂψ ἐς κουλεὸν ὦσε ξίφος 1.220; τοῖσι δ' ἀπ' ὀφθαλμῶν νέφος ἀχλύος ὦσεν Ἀθήνη 15.668; τὸν δε' Ζεὺς ὦσεν ὄπισθε χειρί ib. 694, cf. 13.193; ὦσαί [τινα] ἀφ' ἵππων 5.19; ἀφ' ἵππων χαμᾶζε ib. 835, etc.; so ὦσαι ἑωυτὸν ἐς τὸ πῦρ rush into the fire, Hdt. 7.167; ὠ. τινα ἐπὶ κεφαλήν throw him headlong down, Pl. R. 553b (Pass., ὠθέεσθαι ἐπὶ κ. Hdt. 7.136); ὠ. τινα ἐπὶ τράχηλον Luc. DMort. 27.1; πετρῶν ὦσαι κάτω E. Cyc. 448, cf. Pl. Phdr. 229c; εἰς λιθοτομίας D. 53.17: freq. of weapons, ὠ. ξίφος δἰ ἀμφοτέρων thrust it through both, Hdt. 3.78; τεκούσης ἐς σφαγὰς ὦσαι ξίφος E. Or. 291; διὰ μέσου αὐχένος ὠθεῖ σίδηρον Id. Ph. 1458; φάσγανον δἰ ἥπατος Id. Med. 379; ξίφος πρὸς ἧπαρ Id. Hel. 983; δαλοῦ κώπην ἔσω βλεφάρων Id. Cyc. 485 (anap.), cf. 636; ἐκ μηροῦ δόρυ ὦσε θύραζε forced it out from the thigh, Il. 5.694; τὸ ἱμάτιον ὦσαι εἰς τὸ στόμα stuff it into his mouth, Thphr. Char. 2.4: τὴν θύραν ὠθεῖ forces the door, Ar. V. 152, cf. Lys. 1.24; πύλας E. Or. 1562: sts. of other than human force, as of a stream, ὦσε δὲ νεκρούς Il. 21.235, cf. 241; of the wind, Νότος μέγα κῡμα ποτὶ.. ῥίον ὠθεῖ Od. 3.295; [ ὁ ποταμὸς] ὠθεῖ κῦμα Metagen. 6.3; ὠ. κολόκυμα Ar. Eq. 692: metaph., ἀ δ' ἀτέρα τὰν ἀτέραν κύλιξ ὠθήτω Alc. 41.

2. force back in battle, Il. 8.336, 13.193, etc.; ἄνδρας προτὶ ἄστυ 16.45; v. infr. 11.

3. thrust out, banish, ὠ. ἅπαντας τὸν ἀσεβῆ S. OT 1382; ἔξω δόμων τε καὶ πάτρας ὠθεῖν τινα A. Pr. 665; ἀπ' οἴκων S. OT 241; ἐκ δόμων E. Andr. 344; ἔξω τινὰ φυγάδα Pl. R. 560d; σπονδῶν ἄπο, ἀπὸ τῶν ἱερῶν, E. Ba. 46, Aeschin. 2.86; ὠ. τινας ἀθάπτους S. Aj. 1307: Pass., ὠθούμεθ' ἔξω Id. Fr. 583.7.

4. metaph., ὠ. τὰ πρήγματα push matters on, hurry them, Hdt. 3.81; ἐπιθυμία ὠθεῖ ἐπὶ τὰς ἀπολαύσεις Arist. VV 1250a24.

5. abs., ὦσα παρέξ pushed off from land, Od. 9.488; ὤθει βιαίως E. Tr. 356, cf. X. HG 7.4.31; τὸ ὠθοῦν the motive power, Pl. Cra. 401d.

II Med., mostly in aor.,

1. thrust or push away from oneself, force back, esp. in battle, freq. in Il., ὄφρα τάχιστα ὤσαιτ' Ἀργείους 5.691; τείχεος ἂψ ὤσασθαι 12.420; ὤσασθαι προτὶ Ἴλιον, προτὶ ἄστυ, 8.295, 16.655; τὴν ἵππον ὤσαντο Hdt. 9.25, cf. 3.72, 6.37; ὤσασθαί τινας κατὰ βραχύ Th. 4.96; ὠσαμένων τὸ εὐώνυμον κέρας Id. 6.70, etc.; once in Trag., E. IT 326: of a horse, throw its rider, Thgn. 260 (s.v.l.).

2. intrans., push, press forward, Th. 4.11, 35, Plu. Ages. 32; ὠθεῖσθαι εἰς τὸ πρόσθεν X. HG 7.1.31; πρὸς τὴν πληγὴν ὁμόσε ὠθεῖσθαι Pl. Euthd. 294d; εἰς χεῖρας ὠθεῖσθαι τοῖς ἐναντίοις Plu. Thes. 5.

III Pass.,

1. to be thrust, pushed, or forced, rush or fall violently, ἐπὶ κεφαλήν Hdt. (v. supr. 1.1); πρὸς βίαν E. Hec. 406; βιᾳ Id. Med. 335, etc.; ἱδρῶτες ταχέως ὠθούμενοι Hp. Aph. 7.85.

2. Med., crowd, throng, jostle, X. Cyr. 3.3.64; ὠ. ὥσπερ ὕες Theoc. 15.73, cf. Arist. HA 572b25: impers. in Pass., ἐπὶ μέζον ὠθεῖται the crush gets worse, Herod. 4.54.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀπωθέω, ἀπώθω: to thrust away, push away, repel; in the N. T. only the middle, present ἀπωθέομαι (ἀπωθοῦμαι); 1 aorist ἀπωσάμην (for which the better writings used ἀπεωσαμην, cf. W 90 (86); Buttmann, 69 (61)); to thrust away from oneself, to drive away from oneself, i. e. to repudiate, reject, refuse: τινα, Acts 7:27, 39; Acts 13:46; Romans 11:1; 1 Timothy 1:19. (Jeremiah 2:36 (37); Jeremiah 4:30; Jeremiah 6:19; Psalm 93:14 () and often. In Greek writings from Homer down.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀπ -ωθέω , - ,

[in LXX for H2186, H3988, etc.;]

to thrust away. Mid., to thrust away from oneself, refuse, reject: c. acc pers. (MM, s.v.), Acts 7:27; Acts 7:39; Acts 13:46, Romans 11:1-2, 1 Timothy 1:19.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ἀπωθέω occurs in P Fay 124.19 (ii/A.D.) ἄνευ νο ̣μίμων ἡμᾶς ἀποθεῖσθαι : the editors render ";illegally ousted."; The compound προσαπωθέω is found in a papyrus of Magdola (B.C. 221—published in Mélanges Nicole, p. 283) προσαπώσατό με εἰς τὴν φυλακήν.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
απεώσαντο απωθείς απωθεισθε απωθείσθε ἀπωθεῖσθε απωθείται απωθουμένοις απωθούμενος άπωσαι απωσαμένη απωσαμενοι απωσάμενοι ἀπωσάμενοι απωσάμενος απωσαμένων απωσάμην απωσαντο απώσαντο απώσαντό ἀπώσαντο απώσασθαι απωσάσθωσαν απωσατο απώσατο ἀπώσατο απώσειεν απώσεται απώση απωσθή απωσθήναι απώσθησαν απωσθήσεται απώσμαι απωσμένην απωσμένον απώσομαι απώσομαί απώσται απώσω εξωσμένον aposamenoi aposámenoi apōsamenoi apōsámenoi aposanto apōsanto apṓsanto aposato apōsato apṓsato apotheisthe apotheîsthe apōtheisthe apōtheîsthe
Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, October 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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