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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #03772 - כָּרַת

Transliteration
kârath
Phonetics
kaw-rath'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1048
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to cut, cut off, cut down, cut off a body part, cut out, eliminate, kill, cut a covenant

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to cut off

1a1a) to cut off a body part, behead

1a2) to cut down

1a3) to hew

1a4) to cut or make a covenant

1b) (Niphal)

1b1) to be cut off

1b2) to be cut down

1b3) to be chewed

1b4) to be cut off, fail

1c) (Pual)

1c1) to be cut off

1c2) to be cut down

1d) (Hiphil)

1d1) to cut off

1d2) to cut off, destroy

1d3) to cut down, destroy

1d4) to take away

1d5) to permit to perish

1e) (Hophal) cut off

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1303 ‑ διατίθημι (dee‑at‑ith'‑em‑ahee);  609 ‑ ἀποκόπτω (ap‑ok‑op'‑to);  645 ‑ ἀποσπάω (ap‑os‑pah'‑o);  2476 ‑ ἵστημι (his'‑tay‑mee);  2629 ‑ κατακόπτω (kat‑ak‑op'‑to);  4059 ‑ περιτέμνω (per‑ee‑tem'‑no);  4160 ‑ ποιέω (poy‑eh'‑o);  4931 ‑ συντελέω (soon‑tel‑eh'‑o);  5087 ‑ τίθημι (tith'‑ay‑mee);  853 ‑ ἀφανίζω (af‑an‑id'‑zo);  2507 ‑ καθαιρέω (kath‑ahee‑reh'‑o);  4141 ‑ πλήσσω (place'‑so);  1831 ‑ ἐξέρχομαι (ex‑er'‑khom‑ahee);  622 ‑ ἀπόλλυμι (ap‑ol'‑loo‑mee);  1842 ‑ ἐξολεθρεύω (ex‑ol‑oth‑ryoo'‑o);  1808 ‑ ἐξαίρω (ex‑ah'ee‑ro);  355 ‑ ἀναλίσκω (an‑al‑is'‑ko);  599 ‑ ἀποθνῄσκω (ap‑oth‑nace'‑ko);  868 ‑ ἀφίστημι (af‑is'‑tay‑mee);  1459 ‑ ἐγκαταλείπω (eng‑kat‑al‑i'‑po);  1587 ‑ ἐκλείπω (ek‑li'‑po);  1806 ‑ ἐξάγω (ex‑ag'‑o);  1581 ‑ ἐκκόπτω (ek‑kop'‑to);  3645 ‑ ὀλοθρεύω (ol‑oth‑ryoo'‑o);  2875 ‑ κόπτω (kop'‑to);  851 ‑ ἀφαιρέω (af‑ahee‑reh'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (288) NAS (290) HCS (288)
Genesis 8
Exodus 14
Leviticus 20
Numbers 9
Deuteronomy 16
Joshua 13
Judges 8
Ruth 1
1 Samuel 16
2 Samuel 8
1 Kings 16
2 Kings 10
1 Chronicles 4
2 Chronicles 14
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 2
Job 3
Psalms 14
Proverbs 4
Isaiah 18
Jeremiah 26
Ezekiel 19
Daniel 1
Hosea 4
Joel 3
Amos 3
Obadiah 3
Micah 5
Nahum 4
Zephaniah 5
Haggai 1
Zechariah 6
Malachi 1
Genesis 8
Exodus 14
Leviticus 20
Numbers 9
Deuteronomy 16
Joshua 13
Judges 8
Ruth 1
1 Samuel 16
2 Samuel 8
1 Kings 19
2 Kings 10
1 Chronicles 4
2 Chronicles 14
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 2
Job 3
Psalms 14
Proverbs 4
Isaiah 18
Jeremiah 26
Ezekiel 19
Daniel 1
Hosea 4
Joel 3
Amos 3
Obadiah 3
Micah 5
Nahum 4
Zephaniah 5
Haggai 1
Zechariah 6
Malachi 1
Genesis 8
Exodus 14
Leviticus 20
Numbers 10
Deuteronomy 17
Joshua 14
Judges 8
Ruth 1
1 Samuel 17
2 Samuel 8
1 Kings 17
2 Kings 10
1 Chronicles 4
2 Chronicles 15
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 2
Job 3
Psalms 14
Proverbs 4
Isaiah 18
Jeremiah 27
Ezekiel 19
Daniel 1
Hosea 4
Joel 3
Amos 3
Obadiah 3
Micah 5
Nahum 4
Zephaniah 5
Haggai 1
Zechariah 7
Malachi 1
BYZ TIS TR
v-Hp3ms 1
v-Qp3fs 1
v-Qp3ms 1
v-hc 18
v-hi1cp 1
v-hi1cs 3
v-hi2mp 1
v-hi2ms 1
v-hi3ms 3
v-hi3msXa 2
v-hp1cs 32
v-hp3cp 2
v-hp3fs 1
v-hp3ms 2
v-hw1cs 2
v-hw3ms 1
v-hw3msXa 1
v-nc 1
v-ni3fs 6
v-ni3mp 5
v-ni3ms 24
v-np2ms 1
v-np3cp 8
v-np3fs 19
v-np3ms 9
v-qPmp 1
v-qPmpc 2
v-qPms 4
v-qa 2
v-qc 8
v-qi1cp 4
v-qi1cs 8
v-qi2mp 2
v-qi2ms 7
v-qi3mp 3
v-qi3ms 1
v-qp1cp 1
v-qp1cs 14
v-qp2ms 1
v-qp3cp 6
v-qp3ms 21
v-qsfp 1
v-qsms 1
v-qsmsc 1
v-qvmp 4
v-qvms 1
v-qw2fs 1
v-qw2mp 1
v-qw3fs 1
v-qw3mp 8
v-qw3ms 23
v-Hp3ms 1
v-Qp3fs 1
v-Qp3ms 1
v-hc 18
v-hi1cp 1
v-hi1cs 3
v-hi2mp 1
v-hi3ms 3
v-hi3msXa 3
v-hp1cs 32
v-hp3cp 2
v-hp3fs 1
v-hp3ms 2
v-hw1cs 2
v-hw3ms 1
v-hw3msXa 1
v-nc 1
v-ni3fs 6
v-ni3mp 5
v-ni3ms 23
v-np2ms 1
v-np3cp 8
v-np3fs 19
v-np3ms 9
v-qPmp 1
v-qPmpc 2
v-qPms 4
v-qa 2
v-qc 8
v-qi1cp 4
v-qi1cs 8
v-qi2mp 2
v-qi2ms 7
v-qi3mp 3
v-qi3ms 1
v-qp1cp 1
v-qp1cs 15
v-qp2ms 1
v-qp3cp 6
v-qp3ms 21
v-qsfp 1
v-qsms 1
v-qsmsc 1
v-qvmp 4
v-qvms 1
v-qw2fs 1
v-qw2mp 1
v-qw3fs 1
v-qw3mp 8
v-qw3ms 23
v-Hp3ms 1
v-Qp3fs 1
v-Qp3ms 1
v-hc 18
v-hi1cp 1
v-hi1cs 3
v-hi2mp 1
v-hi3ms 3
v-hi3msXa 3
v-hp1cs 32
v-hp3cp 2
v-hp3fs 1
v-hp3ms 2
v-hw1cs 2
v-hw3ms 1
v-hw3msXa 1
v-nc 1
v-ni3fs 6
v-ni3mp 5
v-ni3ms 23
v-np2ms 1
v-np3cp 8
v-np3fs 19
v-np3ms 9
v-qPmp 1
v-qPmpc 2
v-qPms 4
v-qa 2
v-qc 8
v-qi1cp 4
v-qi1cs 8
v-qi2mp 2
v-qi2ms 7
v-qi3mp 3
v-qi3ms 1
v-qp1cp 1
v-qp1cs 15
v-qp2ms 1
v-qp3cp 6
v-qp3ms 21
v-qsfp 1
v-qsms 1
v-qsmsc 1
v-qvmp 4
v-qvms 1
v-qw2fs 1
v-qw2mp 1
v-qw3fs 1
v-qw3mp 8
v-qw3ms 23
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2291) trk (כרת KRT) AC: Cut CO: ? AB: ?: A cutting off or down of anything. Often used as a cutting of the covenant in the sense that the sacrificial animal is cut in half (see Jeremiah 34:18) . [from: yq- being cut short] (eng: create)

V) trk (כרת KRT) - Cut off: KJV (288): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal, Pual) cut off, make, cut down, cut, fail, destroy, want, covenant, hew - Strongs: H3772 (כָּרַת)

df1) etfrk (כרותה KRWTH) - Beam: As cut off from the tree. KJV (3): beam - Strongs: H3773 (כְּרֻתוֹת)

bf3) tftirk (כריתות KRYTWT) - Divorce: As cut off from the husband. KJV (4): divorcement, divorce - Strongs: H3748 (כְּרִיתוּת)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 כָּרַת291 verb cut off, cut down (Late Hebrew id.; Assyrian karâtu, II. hew off Dl HWB 357); —

Qal Perfect ׳כ Genesis 15:18 19t.; 2 masculine singular כָּרָ֑תָּ Deuteronomy 20:20; 1 singular כָּרַתִּי Exodus 34:27 15t.; + 8t. Perfect; Imperfect יִכְרֹת Job 40:28 21t.; 2 masculine singular תִּכְרָתֿ Isaiah 57:8; 1 singular אֶכְרוֺת Isaiah 61:8; 1 Samuel 11:2; אֶכְרְתָה Isaiah 55:3; 3 masculine plural יִכְרֹ֑תוּ Hosea 12:2; Psalm 83:6; 1 plural נִכְרְתָה Genesis 26:28; Genesis 31:44; suffix נִכְרְתֶנּוּ Jeremiah 11:19; 31t. Imperfect Imperative כְּרָתֿ 1 Samuel 11:1; כָּרְתָה 2 Samuel 3:12; 4t. Imperative; Infinitive absolute כָּרֹת Hosea 10:4; כָּרוֺת Nehemiah 9:8; construct כְּרֹת Jeremiah 34:8 2t.; כְּרָתֿ Isaiah 44:14 2t.; כְּרוֺת 2 Chronicles 2:7; 2 Chronicles 29:10; suffix כָּרְתִי 1 Samuel 24:12; Participle active כֹּרֵת Exodus 34:10 3t.; + 3t. Participle active passive כָּרוּת Leviticus 22:24; construct כְּרוּת Deuteronomy 23:2; plural ת[וֺ]כְּרֻת 1 Kings 7:12 3t.; —

1 cut off :

a. things: with accusative foreskin Exodus 4:25 (J); privy member Leviticus 22:24 (H) Deuteronomy 23:2; cluster of grapes Numbers 13:23,24 (E); bough of tree Judges 9:48,49; skirt 1 Samuel 24:5; 1 Samuel 24:6; 1 Samuel 24:12; head of Prayer of Manasseh 1Samuel 17:51; 1 Samuel 31:9; 2 Samuel 20:22; garments 2 Samuel 10:4 = 1 Chronicles 19:4; palms of hands 1 Samuel 5:4; sprigs Isaiah 18:5.

b. persons, with accusative of person מִן location Jeremiah 11:19; Jeremiah 50:16.

2 cut down, with accusative tress Deuteronomy 19:5; Deuteronomy 20:19,20; 2 Kings 19:23 = Isaiah 37:24; Isaiah 44:14; Jeremiah 6:6; Jeremiah 10:3; Jeremiah 22:7; Jeremiah 46:23; Ezekiel 31:12; asherim Exodus 34:13 (J) Judges 6:25,26,30; 1 Kings 15:13 2 Chronicles 15:16; 2 Kings 18:4; 2 Kings 23:14

3 hew, timber 1 Kings 5:20 (twice in verse) = 2 Chronicles 2:7; 2 Chronicles 2:15; Isaiah 14:8; כֹּרְתֵי הָעֵצִים hewers of timber 2 Chronicles 2:9; כְּרֻת(וֺ)ת hewn beams 1 Kings 6:36; 1 Kings 7:2,12;

4בְּרִית ׳כ cut, or make a covenant (because of the cutting up and distribution of the flesh of the victim for eating in the sacrifice of the covenants, see בְּרִית); ׳הָעֵגֶל אֲשֶׁר כ the calf which they cut Jeremiah 34:18 (referring to Genesis 15:10); עֲלֵיזֶֿבַח Psalm 50:5; absolute Genesis 21:27,32; Genesis 31:44 (E) 1 Samuel 18:3; 1 Kings 5:26; Hosea 10:4; with אֶת with Genesis 15:18; Exodus 34:27; Deuteronomy 31:16 (J) Deuteronomy 5:3; Deuteronomy 28:69 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 29:13; 2 Samuel 3:12,13,21; 2 Kings 17:15,35,38; Isaiah 28:15; Jeremiah 11:10; Jeremiah 31:31,32,33; Jeremiah 34:8,13; Ezekiel 17:13; Zechariah 11:10; Psalm 105:9 = 1 Chronicles 16:16; with עִם Genesis 26:28 (J) Exodus 24:8 (E) Deuteronomy 4:23; Deuteronomy 5:2; Deuteronomy 9:9; Deuteronomy 29:11; Deuteronomy 29:24; 1 Kings 8:21 2 Chronicles 6:11; 23:3; Nehemiah 9:8; Hosea 2:20; Hosea 12:2; Job 40:28; ׳בְּ omitted 1 Samuel 20:16; 1 Samuel 22:8; 1 Kings 8:9 2 Chronicles 5:10; with לְ Exodus 23:32; Exodus 34:12,15; Joshua 9:6,7,11,15,16; Joshua 24:25 (JE) Deuteronomy 7:2; Judges 2:2; 1 Samuel 11:1; 2 Samuel 5:3; 1 Kings 20:34; 2 Kings 11:4; 1 Chronicles 11:3; 2 Chronicles 21:7; 29:10; Ezra 10:3; Isaiah 55:3; Isaiah 61:8; Jeremiah 32:40; Ezekiel 34:25; Ezekiel 37:26; Job 31:1; Psalm 89:4; ׳בְּ omitted 1 Samuel 11:2; 2 Chronicles 7:18; נֶגֶד Exodus 34:10 (J); לִפְנֵי 1 Samuel 23:18; 2 Kings 23:3 2 Chronicles 34:31; Jeremiah 34:15,18; בֵּין וּבֵין 2 Kings 11:17; 2 Chronicles 23:16; with עַל against, Psalm 83:6; אֲמָנָה is used for ברית Nehemiah 10:1; and דָּבָר Haggai 2:5.

Note. — וַתִּכְרָתלָֿךְ מֵהֶם Isaiah 57:8 is usually rendered as RV made for thee a covenant with them, with ellipsis of ׳בּ as above. But מִן is not used in such a construction. The clause is commonly regarded as corrupt by recent critics. Gr emends עִמָּהֶם for מֵהֶם, this is easiest and gives the usual construction; Du followed by Buhl, reads וַתִּכְרִי after Hosea 3:2.

Niph`al Perfect 3 masculine singular נִכְרַת Joel 1:5 5t.; נִכְרָ֑ת Joel 1:16 2t.; 3 feminine singular נִכְרְתָה Genesis 17:14 16t.; נִכְרָ֑תָה Psalm 37:38; 2 masculine singular נִכְרַתָּ Obadiah 10; 8t. Perfect; Imperfect יִכָרֵת Genesis 9:11 21t.; יִכָּֽרֶתֿ Obadiah 9; 3 masculine plural יִכָּֽרְתוּ Zechariah 13:8; יִכָּרֵת֑וּן Joshua 3:13; Psalm 37:9; 9t. Imperfect; Infinitive הִכָּרֵת Numbers 15:31; Psalm 37:34. —

1 be cut off:

a. of things, forward tongue Proverbs 10:31; burden from a nail Isaiah 22:25; chariots Zechariah 9:10; dwelling Zephaniah 3:7.

b. of persons, the people of the land by a famine (בְּ) Genesis 41:36 (E); all flesh by waters of deluge (מִמֵּי) Genesis 9:11 (P); the anointed Daniel 9:26; enemies Isaiah 11:13; Micah 5:8; the wicked Isaiah 29:20; Hosea 8:4; Nahum 2:1; Psalm 37:9; Psalm 37:22; Psalm 37:28; Psalm 37:34; Psalm 37:38; Proverbs 2:22; others Obadiah 9,10; Zephaniah 1:11; Zechariah 13:8; Zechariah 14:2.

c. in the technical phrases of H and P וְנִכְרְתָה הַנֶּפֶשׁ ההיא that person shall be cut off (by death penalty) מֵעַמֶּיהָ Genesis 17:14; Leviticus 7:20,21,25,27; Numbers 9:13; Leviticus 19:8; מִיִּשְׂרָאֵל Exodus 12:15; Numbers 19:13; מֵעֲדַתיִשְׂרָאֵל Exodus 12:19; מִקֶּרֶב עַמֶּיהָ Exodus 31:14; Numbers 15:30; (עַמָּהּ); מִלְּפָנַי Leviticus 22:3; מִתּוֺךְ הַקָּהָל Numbers 19:20; similarly with variation of subject Exodus 30:33,38; Leviticus 17:4,9; Leviticus 18:29; Leviticus 20:18; Leviticus 23:29, and with omission of word with מִן Leviticus 17:14; Leviticus 20:17; Numbers 15:31 (twice in verse).

2 be cut down, a tree Job 14:7.

3 be chewed between the teeth Numbers 11:33 (J).

4 be cut off, in a more General sense, fail: of waters Joshua 3:13,16 (JE) Joshua 4:7 (twice in verse) (D); new wine Joel 1:5; meat Joel 1:16; hope Proverbs 23:18; Proverbs 24:14; a name Isaiah 48:19; Isaiah 56:5; Ruth 4:10; a sign Isaiah 55:13; faithfulness Jeremiah 7:28; אִישׁ׳לֹא יִכָּרֵת לְ there shall not fail thee a man 1 Kings 2:4; 1 Kings 8:25 2 Chronicles 6:16; 1 Kings 9:5 2 Chronicles 7:18; Jeremiah 33:17,18; Jeremiah 35:19; לא יכרת מן there shall not fail of Joshua 9:23 (J) 2 Samuel 3:29.

Pual Perfect כָּרַּת Ezekiel 16:4; 3 feminine singular כֹּרָ֑תָה Judges 6:28; —

1 be cut off, navel string Ezekiel 16:4.

2 be cut down, Asherah Judges 6:28.

Hiph`il Perfect הִכְרִית 1 Samuel 28:9; 1 Kings 11:16; 3 feminine singular הִכְרִיתָה Leviticus 26:22; 1 singular הִכְרַתִּי Joshua 23:4 32t.; + 4t. Perfect; Imperfect יַכְרִית Deuteronomy 12:29 2t.; jussive יַכְרֵת Psalm 12:4 4t.; 1 singular וָ˜אַכְרִ֫תָה 2 Samuel 7:9; 1 plural suffix וְנַכְרִיתֶנָּה Jeremiah 48:2; 9t. Imperfect; Infinitive הַכְרִית Jeremiah 44:8 15t.; הַכְרִת 1 Samuel 20:15; + suffix 2t. —

1 cut off, flattering lips Psalm 12:4.

2 cut off, destroy the life of:

a. animals with accusative, cattle Leviticus 26:22 (H); with accusative and מִן frogs Exodus 8:5 (J); horses Micah 5:9; Zechariah 9:10.

b. of men abs. Psalm 109:13, by men, with accusative enemies Judges 4:24; 1 Samuel 24:22; 1 Kings 11:16; 1 Kings 14:14; 1 Kings 18:4; 2 Chronicles 22:7; Isaiah 10:7; Ezekiel 17:17; Obadiah 14; with accusative and מִן enemies Joshua 11:21; Jeremiah 48:2; the wicked Psalm 101:8; a clan Numbers 4:18 (P); young men by death Jeremiah 9:20; people by the sword Nahum 3:15; necromancers 1 Samuel 28:9; the name Joshua 7:9.

c. of men, by God with accucusative. (הַ)גּוֺיִם Deuteronomy 19:1; Joshua 23:4 (D) Zephaniah 3:6; various persons and things Isaiah 48:9; Jeremiah 44:11; Jeremiah 51:62; Ezekiel 25:16; Ezekiel 30:15; Zechariah 9:6; with accusative and מִן Ezekiel 25:7; Amos 1:5,8; Amos 2:3; מֵאֶרֶץ Nahum 2 :14; Psalm 34:17 = Psalm 109:15; מִיִּשְׂרָאֵל Isaiah 9:13; מִיַּד Micah 5:11; מִמָּנֶיךָ Deuteronomy 12:29; 2 Samuel 7:9 = 1 Chronicles 17:8; מֵעַל מְּנֵיהָאֲדָמָה 1 Samuel 20:15; 1 Kings 9:7; Zephaniah 1:3; מִקֶּרֶב עַמּוֺ Leviticus 17:10; Leviticus 20:3,5,6 (H); מִתּוֺךְ עַמִּי Ezekiel 14:8; Ezekiel says also מִן׳הכ אָ֗֗֗דָם וּבְהֵמָה Ezekiel 14:13,17,19,21; Ezekiel 25:13; Ezekiel 29:8; צדיק ורשׁע Ezekiel 21:8; Ezekiel 21:9; עבר ושׁב Ezekiel 35:7; with accusative and לְ cutt off, to, or from Isaiah 14:22; Jeremiah 44:7,8; Jeremiah 47:4; מַשְׁתִּין בְּקִיר׳לְ ׳כ 1 Kings 14:10; 1 Kings 21:21; 2 Kings 9:8; מעם מזבח׳ל ׳כ 1 Samuel 2:33; לָאִישׁ מֵאָֽהֳלֵי יַעֲקֹב׳יַכְרֵת י Malachi 2:12 may Yahweh cut off to the man — from the tents of Jacob.

3 cut down, destroy, cities Micah 5:10, sun-pillars Leviticus 26:30 (H); and other things used in idolartry Nahum 1:14; Zephaniah 1:4; מן הארץ Zechariah 13:2; מִקֶּרֶב Micah 5:12.

4 take away, חֶסֶד מֵעִם kindness from 1 Samuel 20:15.

5 permit to perish, מֵהַבְּהֵמָה (some) of the cattle 1 Kings 18:5.

Hoph`al Perfect ׳הָכְרַת מִנְחָה וָנֶסֶךְ מִבֵּית י Joel 1:9.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

כָּרַת fut. יִכְרֹת

(1)  to cut, to cut off, as part of a garment [“comp. Sanscr. Krit.”] 1 Samuel 24:5, 12 1 Samuel 24:12 the branch of a tree, Numbers 13:23, 24 Numbers 13:24 præputium, Exodus 4:25 the head, 1 Samuel 17:51, 5:4 to cut down trees, Deuteronomy 19:5; Isaiah 14:8, 44:14 Jerem. 10:3 22:7 46:23 (whence כֹּרְתֵי הָעֵצִים woodcutters, 2 Chronicles 2:9); images of false gods, Exodus 34:13; Judges 6:25, 26 Judges 6:26, 30 Judges 6:30 כָּרוּת Levit. 22:24 more fully כְּרוּת שָׁפְכָה Deuteronomy 23:2, castrated.

(2) to kill, to destroy persons, Deuteronomy 20:20; Jeremiah 11:19. Niph. and Hiph.

(3) specially כָּרַת בְּרִית; Gr. ὅρκια τέμνειν, τέμνειν σπονδὰς, to make a covenant, so used from slaying and dividing the victims, as was customary in making a covenant (see Genesis 15:18; Jeremiah 34:8, 18 Jeremiah 34:18 comp. Bochart, Hieroz. t. i. lib. 2, cap. 35; Danzii Interpres, p. 255; also Gr. σπονδὴ, libation, league, whence is spondere). Commonly construed followed by עִם and (אִתּ) אֵת with any one, Genesis 15:18; Exodus 24:8; Deuteronomy 4:23, 5:3 and so frequently; but followed by לְ

(a) where the more powerful party prescribes the terms of the covenant to the other. 2 Kings 11:4 poet. Job 31:1, בְּרִית כָּרַתִּי לְעֵינַי “I made a covenant with my eyes,” i.e. prescribed these terms to them (compare 2 Samuel 5:3; 1 Chronicles 11:3); hence used of Jehovah establishing a covenant with men, 2 Chronicles 21:7; Isaiah 55:3, 61:8 Jeremiah 32:40.

(b) where the victor concedes the benefit of peace, and a league to the vanquished. Joshua 9:6, עַתָּה כִּרְתוּ לָנוּ בְרִית “now grant a league to us;” verse Joshua 9:7, sq.; 1 Samuel 11:1, 1 Samuel 11:2; Exodus 23:32, 34:12, 15 Exodus 34:15; Deuteronomy 7:2.

(c) where any thing is vowed to God. Ezra 10:3, לֵאלֹהֵינוּ לְהוֹצִיא כָל־נָשִׁים וְעַתָּה נִכְרָת־בְּרִית “now then let us vow to our God to put away all the wives;” hence כָּרַת דָּבָר to vow, to promise any thing, Haggai 2:5. In all these phrases בְּרִית may also be omitted. 1 Samuel 11:2, 20:16 22:8 2 Chronicles 7:18; Isaiah 57:8, וַתִּכְרָת־לָךְ מֵהֶם “and thou hast joined with thee (some) of them in covenant;” Vulg. fœdus pepigisti cum eis. For בְּרִית there once occurs the syn. אֲמָנָה Nehemiah 10:1.

Niph.

(1) to be cut down, as a tree, Job 14:7; Isaiah 55:13. Figuratively to be cut off from one’s country, i.e. to be driven into exile, to be expelled, Zechariah 14:2.

(2) to be extirpated, destroyed, used of persons, Genesis 9:11; Psalms 37:9; Proverbs 2:22, 10:31, and so often. Thus, in the customary expression of the Mosaic law, נִכְרְתָה הַנֶּפֶשׁ הַהִיא מֵעַמֶּיהָ “that soul (that person) shall be cut off from his people,” Genesis 17:14 Levit. 7:20, 21 עַמָּם, מִקֶּרֶב עַמּוֹ Levit. 17:4, Leviticus 17:9, 18:29 20:18 Numbers 15:30 מִיִּשְׂרָאֵל Exodus 12:15; Numbers 19:13 מִתּוֹךְ הַקָּהָל Numbers 19:20 מֵעֲדַת יִשְׂרָאֵל Exodus 12:19 and simpl. נִכְרְתָה הַנֶּפֶשׁ הַהִיא Levit. 17:14 20:17. By this phrase is meant the punishment of death in general, without any definition of the manner (never the punishment of exile, as is supposed by J. D. Michaëlis, on the Mosaic Law, v. § 237), Exodus 31:14 compare Exodus 35:2 and Numbers 15:32. [In some of the passages it appears only to signify severed from the congregation of the Lord.] Hence

(3) to perish, to fail, i.q. אָבַד. 1 Kings 2:4, לֹא־יִכָּרֵת לְךָ אִישׁ מֵעַל כִּסֵּא יִשְׂרָאֵל “there shall not fail thee (perish unto thee) a man from off the throne of Israel;” 1 Kings 8:25, 9:5 Isaiah 48:19; Jeremiah 33:17, 18 Jeremiah 33:18, 35:19 used of a country (people) perishing through famine, Genesis 41:36 of a name, Ruth 4:10 of hope, Proverbs 23:18, 24:14 of fidelity, Jeremiah 7:28; Joshua 9:23, לֹא־יִכָּרֵת מִכֶּם עֶבֶד “there shall not fail (i.e. cease) from you a slave;” i.e. ye shall be slaves for ever. 2 Samuel 3:29.

(4) to be cut off, i.e. divided; used of the waters of Jordan, Joshua 3:13, 4:7 compare כְּרִיתוּת divorce.

(5) to be consumed as food, Numbers 11:33.

Pual כֹּרַת and כָּרַּת to be cut off, or down, Judges 6:28. Ezekiel 16:4.

Hiphil

(1) i.q. Kal No. 2, to kill, destroy men, Leviticus 17:10 nations, Joshua 23:4; Zephaniah 3:6; Ezekiel 25:7 instruments of idolatry, Leviticus 26:30.

(2) to separate, to remove, to withdraw. 1 Samuel 20:15, וְלֹא־תַכְרִית אֶת־חַסְדְּךָ מֵעִם בֵּיתִי “that thou withdraw not thy mercy from my house.”

Hophal הָכְרַת to be cut off from something, followed by מִן Joel 1:9.

The derived nouns immediately follow, except כְּרִית, כְּרִיתֻת.

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List of Word Forms
אֶֽכְרָת־ אֶכְר֥וֹת אֶכְרֹ֣ת אֶכְרֹ֥ת אֶכְרֹת֩ אַכְרִ֞ית אַכְרִ֤ית אַכְרִ֨ית אכרות אכרית אכרת אכרת־ בְּהִכָּרֵ֖ת בְּהַכְרִ֣ית בְּהַכְרִ֤ת בְּכָרְתִי֩ בִּכְרָת־ בהכרית בהכרת בכרת־ בכרתי הֲיִכְרֹ֣ת הִכְרִ֔יתוּ הִכְרִ֛ית הִכְרִ֥ית הִכְרַ֔תִּי הִכְרַ֣תִּי הִכְרַ֥תִּי הִכָּרֵ֧ת ׀ הַכְרִ֣ית הַכְרִיתֶֽךָ׃ הַכֹּרֵ֖ת הָכְרַ֥ת היכרת הכרית הכריתו הכריתך׃ הכרת הכרתי וְאֶכְרְתָ֤ה וְאֶכְרֹ֞ת וְהִכְרִ֙יתָה֙ וְהִכְרִ֥יתוּ וְהִכְרַתִּ֖י וְהִכְרַתִּ֖יו וְהִכְרַתִּ֙יךָ֙ וְהִכְרַתִּ֞י וְהִכְרַתִּ֣י וְהִכְרַתִּ֤י וְהִכְרַתִּ֥י וְהִכְרַתִּ֧י וְהִכְרַתִּ֨י וְהִכְרַתִּי֙ וְהִכְרַתִּי־ וְיִכְרְת֤וּ וְיִכְרְתוּ־ וְיַכְרֵ֖ת וְכָֽרְתוּ֙ וְכָר֔וּת וְכָר֨וֹת וְכָרַ֖ת וְכָרַ֤ת וְכָרַתִּ֗י וְכָרַתִּ֤י וְכָרַתִּ֨י וְכָרָ֑תָּ וְנִ֨כְרְת֔וּ וְנִכְרְת֖וּ וְנִכְרְת֛וּ וְנִכְרְת֥וּ וְנִכְרְתֶ֙נּוּ֙ וְנִכְרְתָ֖ה וְנִכְרְתָ֛ה וְנִכְרְתָ֞ה וְנִכְרְתָ֥ה וְנִכְרְתָה֙ וְנִכְרַ֖ת וְנִכְרַ֖תָּ וְנִכְרַ֛ת וְנִכְרַת֙ וְנַכְרִיתֶ֣נָּה וַֽיִּכְרְת֞וּ וַֽיִּכְרְתוּ֙ וַיִּכְרְת֥וּ וַיִּכְרְת֧וּ וַיִּכְרְת֨וּ וַיִּכְרְתֻ֧הוּ וַיִּכְרָת־ וַיִּכְרֹ֖ת וַיִּכְרֹ֛ת וַיִּכְרֹ֣ת וַיִּכְרֹ֤ת וַיִּכְרֹ֥ת וַיִּכְרֹ֧ת וַיִּכְרֹ֨ת וַיִּכְרֹת֙ וַיִּכְרֹת֩ וַיַּכְרֵ֤ת וַיַּכְרֵ֨ת וַתִּכְרְת֤וּ וַתִּכְרָת־ וַתִּכְרֹת֙ וָאַכְרִ֥ית וָאַכְרִ֥תָה וּכְר֥וּת וּלְהַכְרִ֖ית וּלְהַכְרִ֥ית ואכרית ואכרת ואכרתה והכריתה והכריתו והכרתי והכרתי־ והכרתיו והכרתיך ויכרת ויכרת־ ויכרתהו ויכרתו ויכרתו־ וכרות וכרת וכרתו וכרתי ולהכרית ונכריתנה ונכרת ונכרתה ונכרתו ונכרתנו ותכרת ותכרת־ ותכרתו יִ֭כָּרֵת יִכְרֹ֔תוּ יִכְרֹֽתוּ׃ יִכָּ֣רֵת֔וּן יִכָּֽרֶת־ יִכָּרְת֖וּ יִכָּרֵ֑ת יִכָּרֵ֑תוּ יִכָּרֵ֖ת יִכָּרֵ֣ת יִכָּרֵ֤ת יִכָּרֵ֥ת יִכָּרֵ֧ת יִכָּרֵ֨ת יִכָּרֵֽת׃ יִכָּרֵֽתוּ׃ יִכָּרֵת֑וּן יַכְרִ֛ית יַכְרִ֞ית יַכְרִית֩ יַכְרֵ֣ת יַכְרֵ֨ת יכרית יכרת יכרת־ יכרת׃ יכרתו יכרתו׃ יכרתון כְּרָת֔וֹ כְּרָת־ כְּרֹת֩ כְּרֻתוֹת֙ כִּרְת֣וּ כִּרְת֤וּ כִּרְתוּ־ כָּ֭רַת כָּרְת֖וּ כָּרְת֣וּ כָּרְת֤וּ כָּרְת֥וּ כָּרְתָ֤ה כָּרַ֔ת כָּרַ֖ת כָּרַ֖תִּי כָּרַ֗תִּי כָּרַ֙תִּי֙ כָּרַ֣ת כָּרַ֣תִּֽי כָּרַ֣תִּי כָּרַ֤ת כָּרַ֤תְנֽוּ כָּרַ֤תִּֽי כָּרַ֤תִּי כָּרַ֥ת כָּרַ֥תִּי כָּרַ֧ת כָּרַ֧תִּי כָּרַת֙ כָּרֹ֣ת כָרַ֖ת כָרַּ֣ת כֹּרְתִ֥ים כֹּרְתֵ֖י כֹּרֵ֣ת כֹּרֵ֥ת כֹּרֵת֙ כֹּרָ֑תָה כרת כרת־ כרתה כרתו כרתו־ כרתות כרתי כרתים כרתנו לְֽכֹרְתֵ֣י ׀ לְהַכְרִ֑ית לְהַכְרִ֖ית לְהַכְרִ֤ית לְהַכְרִ֥ית לְהַכְרִ֨ית לְהַכְרִית֔וֹ לְהַכְרִית֙ לְךָ֥ לִכְר֖וֹת לִכְר֣וֹת לִכְרָת־ לִכְרֹ֛ת לִכְרֹ֣ת להכרית להכריתו לך לכרות לכרת לכרת־ לכרתי נִֽכְרָת־ נִכְרְת֖וּ נִכְרְת֜וּ נִכְרְתָ֥ה נִכְרַ֖ת נִכְרָ֑ת נִכְרָ֑תוּ נִכְרָֽתָה׃ נִכְרָֽת׃ נִכְרֹ֨ת נַכְרִ֖ית נכרית נכרת נכרת־ נכרת׃ נכרתה נכרתה׃ נכרתו תִּכְרֹ֤ת תִּכְרֹ֥ת תִּכְרֹֽת׃ תִּכְרֹתֽוּן׃ תִּכָּרֵ֛ת תִּכָּרֵֽת׃ תִכְרְת֤וּ תִכְרֹ֑ת תִכְרֹ֥ת תִכָּרֵ֥ת תִכָּרֵֽת׃ תַּכְרִ֕יתוּ תַּכְרִ֥ית תַּכְרִיתֵ֣ךְ תַכְרִ֧ת תכרית תכריתו תכריתך תכרת תכרת׃ תכרתו תכרתון׃ ’aḵ·rîṯ ’aḵrîṯ ’eḵ·rāṯ- ’eḵ·rō·wṯ ’eḵ·rōṯ ’eḵrāṯ- ’eḵrōṯ ’eḵrōwṯ achRit bə·haḵ·riṯ bə·haḵ·rîṯ bə·hik·kā·rêṯ bə·ḵā·rə·ṯî bechareTi behachRit bəhaḵriṯ bəhaḵrîṯ behikkaRet bəhikkārêṯ bəḵārəṯî bichrot biḵ·rāṯ- biḵrāṯ- chaRat charRat echrot hā·ḵə·raṯ hă·yiḵ·rōṯ hacheRat hachRit hachriTecha hak·kō·rêṯ haḵ·rî·ṯe·ḵā haḵ·rîṯ hāḵəraṯ hakkoRet hakkōrêṯ haḵrîṯ haḵrîṯeḵā hayichRot hăyiḵrōṯ hichRatti hichRit hichRitu hik·kā·rêṯ hiḵ·rat·tî hiḵ·rî·ṯū hiḵ·rîṯ hikkaRet hikkārêṯ hiḵrattî hiḵrîṯ hiḵrîṯū kā·raṯ ḵā·raṯ kā·raṯ·nū kā·rat·tî kā·rə·ṯāh kā·rə·ṯū kā·rōṯ ḵār·raṯ kaRat kāraṯ ḵāraṯ kaRatnu kāraṯnū kaRatti kārattî kareTah kārəṯāh kareTu kārəṯū kaRot kārōṯ ḵārraṯ kə·rā·ṯōw kə·rāṯ- kə·rōṯ kə·ru·ṯō·wṯ kərāṯ- keraTo kərāṯōw kerot kərōṯ kerutOt kəruṯōwṯ kir·ṯū kir·ṯū- kirtu kirṯū kirṯū- kō·rā·ṯāh kō·rə·ṯê kō·rə·ṯîm kō·rêṯ koRatah kōrāṯāh koRet kōrêṯ kōrəṯê koreTei koreTim kōrəṯîm lə·haḵ·rî·ṯōw lə·haḵ·rîṯ lə·ḵā lə·ḵō·rə·ṯê leCha lechoreTei lehachRit lehachriTo ləhaḵrîṯ ləhaḵrîṯōw ləḵā ləḵōrəṯê lichRot liḵ·rāṯ- liḵ·rō·wṯ liḵ·rōṯ liḵrāṯ- liḵrōṯ liḵrōwṯ nachRit naḵ·rîṯ naḵrîṯ nichRat nichRatah nichRatu nichreTah nichreTu nichRot niḵ·rā·ṯāh niḵ·rā·ṯū niḵ·raṯ niḵ·rāṯ niḵ·rāṯ- niḵ·rə·ṯāh niḵ·rə·ṯū niḵ·rōṯ niḵraṯ niḵrāṯ niḵrāṯ- niḵrāṯāh niḵrāṯū niḵrəṯāh niḵrəṯū niḵrōṯ tachRit tachriTech tachRitu taḵ·rî·ṯêḵ taḵ·rî·ṯū taḵ·rîṯ ṯaḵ·riṯ taḵrîṯ ṯaḵriṯ taḵrîṯêḵ taḵrîṯū tichreTu tichRot tichroTun tik·kā·rêṯ ṯik·kā·rêṯ ṯiḵ·rə·ṯū tiḵ·rō·ṯūn tiḵ·rōṯ ṯiḵ·rōṯ tikkaRet tikkārêṯ ṯikkārêṯ ṯiḵrəṯū tiḵrōṯ ṯiḵrōṯ tiḵrōṯūn ū·ḵə·rūṯ ū·lə·haḵ·rîṯ ucheRut ūḵərūṯ ulehachRit ūləhaḵrîṯ vaachRit vaachRitah vaiyachRet vaiyichreTu vaiyichreTuhu vaiyichRot vattichreTu vattichRot vechaRat vechaRata vecharatTi vechareTu vechaRot vechaRut veechreTah veechRot vehichratTi vehichratTicha vehichratTiv vehichRitah vehichRitu venachriTennah venichRat venichRata venichreTah venichreTennu venichreTu veyachRet veyichreTu wā’aḵrîṯ wā’aḵriṯāh wā·’aḵ·ri·ṯāh wā·’aḵ·rîṯ wat·tiḵ·rāṯ- wat·tiḵ·rə·ṯū wat·tiḵ·rōṯ wattiḵrāṯ- wattiḵrəṯū wattiḵrōṯ way·yaḵ·rêṯ way·yiḵ·rāṯ- way·yiḵ·rə·ṯū way·yiḵ·rə·ṯu·hū way·yiḵ·rōṯ wayyaḵrêṯ wayyiḵrāṯ- wayyiḵrəṯū wayyiḵrəṯuhū wayyiḵrōṯ wə’eḵrəṯāh wə’eḵrōṯ wə·’eḵ·rə·ṯāh wə·’eḵ·rōṯ wə·hiḵ·rat·tî wə·hiḵ·rat·tî- wə·hiḵ·rat·tî·ḵā wə·hiḵ·rat·tîw wə·hiḵ·rî·ṯāh wə·hiḵ·rî·ṯū wə·ḵā·rā·tā wə·ḵā·raṯ wə·ḵā·rat·tî wə·ḵā·rə·ṯū wə·ḵā·rō·wṯ wə·ḵā·rūṯ wə·naḵ·rî·ṯen·nāh wə·niḵ·ra·tā wə·niḵ·raṯ wə·niḵ·rə·ṯāh wə·niḵ·rə·ṯen·nū wə·niḵ·rə·ṯū wə·yaḵ·rêṯ wə·yiḵ·rə·ṯū wə·yiḵ·rə·ṯū- wəhiḵrattî wəhiḵrattî- wəhiḵrattîḵā wəhiḵrattîw wəhiḵrîṯāh wəhiḵrîṯū wəḵāraṯ wəḵārātā wəḵārattî wəḵārəṯū wəḵārōwṯ wəḵārūṯ wənaḵrîṯennāh wəniḵraṯ wəniḵratā wəniḵrəṯāh wəniḵrəṯennū wəniḵrəṯū wəyaḵrêṯ wəyiḵrəṯū wəyiḵrəṯū- yachRet yachRit yaḵ·rêṯ yaḵ·rîṯ yaḵrêṯ yaḵrîṯ yichRotu yik·kā·rê·ṯū yik·kā·rə·ṯū yik·kā·rê·ṯūn yik·kā·rêṯ yik·kā·reṯ- yiḵ·rō·ṯū yikkaRet yikkārêṯ yikkāreṯ- yikkaRetu yikkārêṯū yikkārəṯū yikKareTun yikkārêṯūn yiḵrōṯū
Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, October 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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