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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #03899 - לֶחֶם

Transliteration
lechem
Phonetics
lekh'-em  
Word Origin
from (03898)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TWOT
1105a
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) bread, food, grain

1a) bread

1a1) bread

1a2) bread-corn

1b) food (in general)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3145 ‑ μασάομαι (mas‑sah'‑om‑ahee);  1163 ‑ δεῖ (die, deh‑on');  4621 ‑ σῖτος (see'‑tos);  712 ‑ ἄριστον (ar'‑is‑ton);  740 ‑ ἄρτος (ar'‑tos);  979 ‑ βίος (bee'‑os);  1173 ‑ δεῖπνον (dipe'‑non);  1403 ‑ δοχή (dokh‑ay');  1435 ‑ δῶρον (do'‑ron);  2222 ‑ ζωή (dzo‑ay');  4621 ‑ σῖτος (see'‑tos);  5132 ‑ τράπεζα (trap'‑ed‑zah);  5160 ‑ τροφή (trof‑ay');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (297) NAS (289) HCS (290)
Genesis 22
Exodus 20
Leviticus 22
Numbers 6
Deuteronomy 8
Joshua 2
Judges 7
Ruth 2
1 Samuel 22
2 Samuel 11
1 Kings 22
2 Kings 6
1 Chronicles 4
2 Chronicles 3
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 6
Job 11
Psalms 19
Proverbs 22
Ecclesiastes 4
Isaiah 16
Jeremiah 9
Lamentations 4
Ezekiel 19
Daniel 1
Hosea 2
Amos 3
Obadiah 1
Haggai 1
Malachi 1
Genesis 22
Exodus 20
Leviticus 22
Numbers 6
Deuteronomy 8
Joshua 2
Judges 7
Ruth 2
1 Samuel 22
2 Samuel 10
1 Kings 22
2 Kings 6
1 Chronicles 4
2 Chronicles 3
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 6
Job 11
Psalms 19
Proverbs 22
Ecclesiastes 4
Isaiah 16
Jeremiah 9
Lamentations 4
Ezekiel 19
Daniel 1
Hosea 2
Amos 3
Obadiah 1
Haggai 1
Malachi 1
Genesis 23
Exodus 21
Leviticus 24
Numbers 7
Deuteronomy 8
Joshua 2
Judges 7
Ruth 2
1 Samuel 27
2 Samuel 10
1 Kings 22
2 Kings 7
1 Chronicles 4
2 Chronicles 3
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 6
Job 11
Psalms 19
Proverbs 22
Ecclesiastes 4
Isaiah 16
Jeremiah 10
Lamentations 4
Ezekiel 20
Daniel 1
Hosea 3
Amos 3
Obadiah 1
Haggai 1
Malachi 1
BYZ TIS TR
n-cbs 1
n-cms 187
n-cmsc 53
n-cbs 1
n-cms 157
n-cmsc 54
n-cbs 1
n-cms 156
n-cmsc 54
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2305) mhl (לההמ LHhM) AC: Fight CO: Bread AB: ?: Flour an water are mixed together and kneaded. Also war in the sense of fighting with the bread when kneading. [from: mh- food]

V) mhl (לההמ LHhM) - I. Eat: II. Fight:KJV (177): (vf: Paal, Niphal) fight, war, eat, overcome, devour, prevail - Strongs: H3898 (לָחַם)

Nm) mhl (לההמ LHhM) - I. Bread:[Hebrew and Aramaic] II. |kjv: bread, food, meat, loaves, shewbread, victuals, feast, fruit, provision - Strongs: H3899 (לֶחֶם), H3900 (לְחֵם), H3901 (לָחֶם)

dm ) mfhl (לההומ LHhWM) - Meat: KJV (2): eating, flesh - Strongs: H3894 (לָחֻם)

hf1) emhlm (מלההמה MLHhMH) - |kjv: battle, war, fight - Strongs: H4421 (מִלְחָמָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2013
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 לֶ֫חֶם296 noun masculine 1 Samuel 9:7 and (rarely) feminine Genesis 49:20 (see below, and Dr 1 Samuel 10:4) bread, food (Phoenician לחם bread; Late Hebrew לֶחֶם; Aramaic לַחְמָא, , as Hebrew; Arabic flesh, meat, (compare Frä30)); — absolute ׳ל Genesis 3:19 +; לָ֑חֶם Genesis 31:54 +; לֶ֑חֶם Psalm 14:4 2t.; construct לֶחֶם Hosea 9:4 +; suffix לַחְמִי Job 3:24 +, לַחְמְךָ Obadiah 7 +, לַחְמָם Hosea 9:4b, + Hosea 9:4 a (for ᵑ0לָהֶם), We GASm Now, + etc.; —

1. a. bread, the ordinary food of early Hebrews (Benz Archaeology 84ff Now Archaeology i. 109 ff.) Exodus 21:14 (E), Numbers 21:5; Joshua 9:5,12 (JE), Deuteronomy 8:3; Deuteronomy 23:5; Exodus 16:3 (P) +; ׳כִּכַּרלֿ loaf of bread 1 Samuel 2:36 + (see כִּכָּר below כרר), and without ככר (always with number) 1 Samuel 10:4; 1 Samuel 16:20 (see Dr), 1 Samuel 17:7; 1 Samuel 21:4; 1 Samuel 25:18; 2 Samuel 16:1; 1 Kings 14:3; 2 Kings 4:42; ׳חַלַת ל cake of bread 2 Samuel 6:19; Exodus 29:23 + (see חַלָּה below

I.חלל); made from barley (שְׂעֹרִים); Judges 7:13; 2 Kings 4:42 (see also לָחֶם above); from wheat-flour (סֹלֶת חִטִים) Exodus 29:2 (P); compare the mixture Ezekiel 4:9; made by baking (אפה) Isaiah 44:15,19; Leviticus 26:26 (H; compare Jeremiah 37:21); ׳מַּתלֿ a bit of bread 1 Samuel 2:36; 1 Kings 17:11; Proverbs 28:21, compare Ezekiel 13:19, as modest term for a hospitable meal Genesis 18:5 (J), Judges 19:5; 1 Samuel 28:22; distinguished from meat (flesh), Genesis 27:17 (J) 1 Samuel 25:11; 1 Kings 17:6 (twice in verse); Exodus 16:8,12 (also Exodus 16:3 above), Exodus 29:32,34; Leviticus 8:31 (all P), Leviticus 23:18 (H), 1 Chronicles 12:40; Psalm 78:20; Daniel 10:3; = a meal 1 Samuel 20:27, ׳אָכַל ל = take a meal Genesis 31:54 (twice in verse); Genesis 37:25; Genesis 43:25,32 +; אכל לַחְמִי Psalm 41:10 eat my bread, establishing an obligation, compare Obadiah 7 (read ׳אֹכְלֵי ל according to Marti Kau AT; strike out ׳לᵐ5 Hi We, compare VB) ׳עשׂה ל = make a feast Ecclesiastes 10:19; ׳מַטֵּה ל staff of bread (as support of life), only late Ezekiel 4:16; Ezekiel 5:16; Ezekiel 14:13; Leviticus 26:26 (H), Psalm 105:16; cf .׳מִשְׁעַן ל Isaiah 3:1 (gloss); leavened bread is חָמֵץ׳ל Leviticus 7:13; unleavened bread is מַצּוֺת׳ל Exodus 29:2 (both P); (הַ)מָּנִים׳ל bread of the face (of ׳י; i.e. in his presence, Di Leviticus 24:9 Dr 1 Samuel 21:7); in the sanctuary 1 Samuel 21:7; 1 Kings 7:48 2 Chronicles 4:19; Exodus 25:30; Exodus 35:13; Exodus 39:36, without ׳פ Exodus 40:23 (all P); = הַתָּמִיד׳ל Numbers 4:7 (P), קֹדֶשׁ׳ל 1 Samuel 21:5; in Chronicles הַמַּעֲרָ֑כֶת׳ל 1 Chronicles 9:32; compare 1 Chronicles 23:29; Nehemiah 10:34, ׳ל׳מ 2 Chronicles 13:11 opposed to חֹל׳ל 1 Samuel 21:5; תְּנוּפִה׳ל Leviticus 23:17 wave-loaf; (הַ)בִּכֻּרִים׳ל Leviticus 23:20; 2 Kings 4:42 bread of first-fruits.

b. = bread-corn, the material from which bread is made, i.e. wheat, barley, etc.: Genesis 41:54,55 (E), Genesis 47:13,15,17 (twice in verse); Genesis 47:19 (J), Genesis 49:20 (poem in J), Isaiah 28:28; Isaiah 30:23; Isaiah 55:10; Jeremiah 5:17; Ezekiel 48:18; Job 28:5; Proverbs 28:3; Psalm 104:14; הָאָרֶץ׳ל Numbers 15:19 (P), ׳ארץ ל 2 Kings 18:32 = Isaiah 36:17.

2 food in General:

a. of man, Judges 13:16 (kid, Judges 13:15) 1 Samuel 14:24 (twice in verse); 1 Samuel 14:28 (honey), 1 Samuel 28:20; 1 Samuel 30:12; Proverbs 22:9; Proverbs 27:27 (twice in verse) (goat's milk) +; ׳לְכָלבָּֿשָׂר נֹתֵן ל Psalm 136:25.

b. of animals, Proverbs 6:8; Proverbs 30:25; Proverbs 65:25; Job 24:5 + Psalm 147:9

c. of God (in sacrifices): אֱלֹהֵיהֶם׳ל (compare RS Semitic i. 207,2nd ed., 224) Leviticus 21:6 compare Leviticus 21:8; Leviticus 21:17; Leviticus 21:21; Leviticus 21:22, Leviticus 22:25 (all H), compare Numbers 28:2 (P), Ezekiel 16:19; Ezekiel 44:7, and מְגֹאָל׳ל Malachi 1:7, also (׳לי) אִשֶּׁה׳ל Leviticus 3:11,16; Numbers 28:24 (all P).

3 other phrases and figurative uses are:

a. רֶשַׁע׳ל Proverbs 4:17 (accusative of congnate meaning with verb with לָחַם), probably = food gained by wickedness ׅ "" (יִיִן חֲמָסִים, compare שָׁ֑קֶר׳ל Proverbs 20:17, כְּזָבִים׳ל Proverbs 23:3; עַצְלוּת׳ל Proverbs 31:27 = bread of idleness, i.e. unearned; חֻקִּי׳ל Proverbs 30:8 (opposed to riches and poverty, see חֹק); לַחַץ׳ל 1 Kings 22:27 2 Chronicles 18:26, vid לַחַץ below; הָעֲצָבִים׳ל Psalm 127:2 see II. עֶצָב; אוֺנִים׳ל Hosea 9:4, vid אָוֶן. p.20 a; אֲנָשִׁים׳ל Ezekiel 24:17,22of food offered to mourners, compare Jeremiah 16:7 (where insert ׳לᵐ5 Gf Gie); שַׁלַּח לחמך עלפֿני המים Ecclesiastes 11:1 usual interpration of benevolent giving (compare Now); De and others of sea-commerce in bread-stuffs, compare Proverbs 31:14.

b. figurative לַחְמֵנוּ הֵם Numbers 14:9 (JE) our food are they, i.e. we will devour, destroy, them (compare Deuteronomy 7:16); ׳דִּמְעָתִּי ל Psalm 42:4; compare Psalm 80:6 (see אכל above); ׳ל of evil deeds of wicked Job 20:14; עֵץ בְּלַחְמוֺ Jeremiah 11:19 apparentlyfig.of destroying the prophet and his house, but read probably בְּלֵחוֺ in its freshness (i.e. untimely), so Hi Gf Che Gie (see לֵחַ below לחח above).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
List of Word Forms
בְּלֶ֤חֶם בְּלַחְמ֖וֹ בְּלַחְמֶ֔ךָ בְּלַחְמוֹ֙ בְֽלַחֲמִ֑י בְלַחְמֽוֹ׃ בַּלֶּ֖חֶם בַּלֶּ֙חֶם֙ בַּלֶּ֣חֶם בַּלָּ֑חֶם בלחם בלחמו בלחמו׃ בלחמי בלחמך הַלֶּ֔חֶם הַלֶּ֖חֶם הַלֶּ֗חֶם הַלֶּ֙חֶם֙ הַלֶּ֛חֶם הַלֶּ֤חֶם הַלֶּ֨חֶם הַלָּֽחֶם׃ הלחם הלחם׃ וְ֝לֶ֗חֶם וְ֠לֶחֶם וְהַלֶּ֤חֶם וְלֶ֖חֶם וְלֶ֙חֶם֙ וְלֶ֣חֶם וְלֶ֤חֶם וְלֶ֥חֶם וְלֶחֶם֩ וְלַחְמִי֩ וְלַחְמֶ֗ךָ וְלַלֶּ֥חֶם וָלֶ֧חֶם וּבַלָּ֑חֶם וּלְלֶ֨חֶם ובלחם והלחם ולחם ולחמי ולחמך וללחם כְּלֶ֤חֶם כַּלֶּ֣חֶם כלחם לְֽ֭לַחְמְךָ לְלֶ֔חֶם לְלֶ֣חֶם לְלָ֑חֶם לֶ֑חֶם לֶ֔חֶם לֶ֖חֶם לֶ֗חֶם לֶ֙חֶם֙ לֶ֚חֶם לֶ֛חֶם לֶ֜חֶם לֶ֝֗חֶם לֶ֣חֶם לֶ֤חֶם לֶ֥חֶם לֶ֧חֶם לֶ֨חֶם לֶ֭חֶם לֶּ֙חֶם֙ לֶֽחֶם־ לֶחֶם֒ לֶחֶם֩ לֶחֶם֮ לַ֭חְמִי לַ֭חְמוֹ לַחְמ֑וֹ לַחְמ֖וֹ לַחְמ֣וֹ לַחְמְךָ֖ לַחְמְךָ֗ לַחְמְכֶ֖ם לַחְמְכֶם֙ לַחְמִ֑י לַחְמִ֜י לַחְמִֽי׃ לַחְמִי֙ לַחְמֵ֔נוּ לַחְמֵ֖נוּ לַחְמֵ֗נוּ לַחְמֵ֣נוּ לַחְמֶ֔ךָ לַחְמָ֑הּ לַחְמָ֖ם לַחְמָ֣ם לַחְמָֽהּ׃ לַחְמָֽם׃ לַחְמָם֙ לַחְמֽוֹ׃ לַחְמוֹ֙ לַלֶּ֙חֶם֙ לַלֶּ֣חֶם לַלָּ֑חֶם לָ֑חֶם לָ֥חֶם לָֽחֶם׃ לחם לחם־ לחם׃ לחמה לחמה׃ לחמו לחמו׃ לחמי לחמי׃ לחמך לחמכם לחמם לחמם׃ לחמנו ללחם ללחמך מְבִיאִ֣ים מִלֶּ֣חֶם מִלֶּ֥חֶם מִלַּחְמ֣וֹ מביאים מלחם מלחמו bal·lā·ḥem bal·le·ḥem balLachem ballāḥem balLechem balleḥem ḇə·la·ḥă·mî bə·laḥ·me·ḵā bə·laḥ·mōw ḇə·laḥ·mōw bə·le·ḥem belachMecha belachMo ḇəlaḥămî bəlaḥmeḵā bəlaḥmōw ḇəlaḥmōw beLechem bəleḥem hal·lā·ḥem hal·le·ḥem halLachem hallāḥem halLechem halleḥem kal·le·ḥem kalLechem kalleḥem kə·le·ḥem keLechem kəleḥem lā·ḥem Lachem lachMah lachMam lachmeCha lachmeChem lachMenu lachMi lachMo laḥ·māh laḥ·mām laḥ·me·ḵā laḥ·mə·ḵā laḥ·mə·ḵem laḥ·mê·nū laḥ·mî laḥ·mōw lāḥem laḥmāh laḥmām laḥmeḵā laḥməḵā laḥməḵem laḥmênū laḥmî laḥmōw lal·lā·ḥem lal·le·ḥem lalLachem lallāḥem lalLechem lalleḥem le·ḥem le·ḥem- lə·lā·ḥem lə·laḥ·mə·ḵā lə·le·ḥem Lechem leḥem leḥem- leLachem Lelachmecha ləlāḥem ləlaḥməḵā leLechem ləleḥem mə·ḇî·’îm məḇî’îm meviIm mil·laḥ·mōw mil·le·ḥem millachMo millaḥmōw milLechem milleḥem ū·ḇal·lā·ḥem ū·lə·le·ḥem ūḇallāḥem uleLechem ūləleḥem uvalLachem vaLechem vehalLechem velachaMi velachMecha velachMi velachMo velalLechem veLechem wā·le·ḥem wāleḥem wə·hal·le·ḥem wə·laḥ·me·ḵā wə·laḥ·mî wə·lal·le·ḥem wə·le·ḥem wəhalleḥem wəlaḥmeḵā wəlaḥmî wəlalleḥem wəleḥem

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