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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #7323 - רוּץ

Transliteration
rûts
Phonetics
roots  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
2137
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to run

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to run

1a2) runners (participle as subst)

1b) (Polel) to run swiftly, dart

1c) (Hiphil)

1c1) to bring or move quickly, hurry

1c2) to drive away from, cause to run away

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1377 ‑ διώκω (dee‑o'‑ko);  1831 ‑ ἐξέρχομαι (ex‑er'‑khom‑ahee);  2460 ‑ ἱππεύς (hip‑yooce');  2614 ‑ καταδιώκω (kat‑ad‑ee‑o'‑ko);  2701 ‑ κατατρέχω (kat‑at‑rekh'‑o);  2703 ‑ καταφεύγω (kat‑af‑yoo'‑go);  4370 ‑ προστρέχω (pros‑trekh'‑o);  1806 ‑ ἐξάγω (ex‑ag'‑o);  4399 ‑ προφθάνω (prof‑than'‑o);  4390 ‑ προτρέχω (prot‑rekh'‑o);  5143 ‑ τρέχω (trekh'‑o);  1559 ‑ ἐκδιώκω (ek‑dee‑o'‑ko);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (104) NAS (102) HCS (103)
Genesis 10
Numbers 2
Joshua 2
Judges 2
1 Samuel 11
2 Samuel 8
1 Kings 5
2 Kings 11
2 Chronicles 6
Esther 4
Job 3
Psalms 6
Proverbs 4
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 5
Daniel 1
Joel 3
Amos 1
Nahum 1
Habakkuk 1
Haggai 1
Zechariah 1
Genesis 10
Numbers 2
Joshua 2
Judges 2
1 Samuel 11
2 Samuel 8
1 Kings 5
2 Kings 11
2 Chronicles 6
Esther 4
Job 3
Psalms 6
Proverbs 4
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 5
Daniel 1
Joel 3
Amos 1
Nahum 1
Habakkuk 1
Haggai 1
Zechariah 1
Genesis 10
Numbers 2
Joshua 2
Judges 2
1 Samuel 12
2 Samuel 12
1 Kings 6
2 Kings 13
2 Chronicles 7
Esther 4
Job 3
Psalms 6
Proverbs 4
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 7
Daniel 1
Joel 3
Amos 1
Nahum 1
Habakkuk 1
Haggai 1
Zechariah 1
BYZ TIS TR
P-r 1
v-ei3mp 1
v-qc 3
v-qi1cp 1
v-qi1cs 4
v-qi2ms 1
v-qi3mp 3
v-qi3ms 4
v-qvms 1
v-qw3mp 1
v-qw3ms 2
P-r 1
v-ei3mp 1
v-qc 3
v-qi1cp 1
v-qi1cs 4
v-qi2ms 1
v-qi3mp 3
v-qi3ms 5
v-qvms 1
v-qw3mp 1
v-qw3ms 2
P-r 1
v-ei3mp 1
v-qc 3
v-qi1cp 1
v-qi1cs 4
v-qi2ms 1
v-qi3mp 3
v-qi3ms 5
v-qvms 1
v-qw3mp 1
v-qw3ms 2
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1455) yr (רתס RTs) AC: Crush CO: Potsherd AB: Desire: Broken pieces of pottery were commonly used as writing tablets as they were inexpensive and durable. These potsherds were commonly used to send messages from one person to another, usually carried by runners. (eng: earth; terra - with a reversal of letters; terrain)

A) yr (רתס RTs) AC: ? CO: Potsherd AB: ?: Broken fragments of a pot which were commonly used as writing surfaces for messages.

Nm) yr (רתס RTs) - Fragment: KJV (1): piece - Strongs: H7518 (רַץ)

B) yyr (רתסתס RTsTs) AC: Crush CO: ? AB: Violence

V) yyr (רתסתס RTsTs) - Crush: To crush something to pieces. Also an oppression or struggle as crushing. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: ssr] KJV (22): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) oppress, break, bruise, crush, discourage, struggle - Strongs: H7465 (רֹעָה), H7533 (רָצַץ), H7567 (רָשַׁשׁ)

kof1 ) eyyfrm (מרותסתסה MRWTsTsH) - Violence: In the sense of chattering. [df: hurm] KJV (1): violence - Strongs: H4835 (מְרוּצָה)

C) yra (ארתס ARTs) AC: ? CO: Land AB: ?: Land is divided up into fragments by tribe or nations.

Nf) yra (ארתס ARTs) - Land: The whole of the earth or a region. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: qra] KJV (2526): earth, land, country, ground, world, way, common, field, nations, inferior - Strongs: H772 (אֲרַע), H776 (אֶרֶץ), H778 (אֲרַק)

Nf1 ) eyra (ארתסה ARTsH) - Bottom: [Unknown connection to root; Aramaic only] KJV (1): bottom - Strongs: H773 (אַרְעִי)

E) ayr (רתסא RTsA) AC: Run CO: ? AB: ?: Messengers ran messages written on potsherds.

V) ayr (רתסא RTsA) - Run: KJV (1): (vf: Paal) run - Strongs: H7519 (רָצָא)

H) eyr (רתסה RTsH) AC: ? CO: Message AB: Desire: Ones will and desires are written on potsherds as messages to another.

V) eyr (רתסה RTsH) - Desire: KJV (57): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel) accept, please, pleasure, delight, enjoy, favourable, acceptable, accomplish, affection, approve - Strongs: H7521 (רָצָה)

jm) nfyr (רתסונ RTsWN) - Will: Ones desire. From instructions that are written on potsherds. KJV (56): favour, will, acceptable, delight, pleasure, accepted, desire, acceptance, selfwill - Strongs: H7522 (רָצֹן)

J) yfr (רותס RWTs) AC: Run CO: Course AB: ?: Messengers ran messages written on potsherds.

V) yfr (רותס RWTs) - Run: KJV (104): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) run, guard, post, speedily - Strongs: H7323 (רוּץ)

km) yfrm (מרותס MRWTs) - Course: The path of the runner. KJV (1): race - Strongs: H4793 (מֵרוֹץ)

kf1) eyfrm (מרותסה MRWTsH) - Course: The path of the runner. KJV (4): running - Strongs: H4794 (מְרֻצָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2018
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 רוּץ verb run (Late Hebrew id. (rare); Ethiopic , Zinjirli Perfect 1 singular רצת; = Aramaic רְהַט; (W SG 47); compare Assyrian râƒu, be helpful (i.e. run to help?)); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular רָץ Genesis 18:7; 2 masculine singular רַצְתָּה Jeremiah 12:5, etc.; Imperfect יָרוּץ Habakkuk 2:2 +, יָרֻץ Job 16:14, וַיָּ֫רָץ Genesis 18:2 +, וַיָּר֑ץ 2 Samuel 18:21.; 1 singular suffix ארוצם Jeremiah 50:44 Kt (but < Qr. Hiph`il, see below), etc. [see also רצץ]; Imperative masculine singular רוּץ 2 Samuel 18:23; 2 Kings 4:26, רֻץ 1 Samuel 20:36; Zechariah 2:8; Infinitive construct לָרוּץ 1 Samuel 20:6 +; Participle רָץ 2 Samuel 18:22 +, plural רָצִים 1 Samuel 22:17 +, רָצִין 2 Kings 11:13 (Ges§ 87e); —

1 run, with אֶל location Genesis 18:7; Genesis 24:20 (both J), Numbers 17:12 (P), אֶל person Genesis 24:29 (J; + ה locative), 1 Samuel 3:5; Isaiah 55:5 (figurative), with hostility, against, Job 15:26 (figurative), so goat against ram Daniel 8:6, עַל person, against Job 16:14; ה locative also Joshua 7:22, לְבֵיתוֺ Haggai 1:9, לָרַע Isaiah 59:7; Proverbs 1:16; accusative of location 1 Samuel 20:6; 1 Samuel 17:22,48 (+ לִקְרַאת); ב location on (ב II.

2), of horses Amos 6:12, locusts Joel 2:9; into Proverbs 18:10 (figurative); מִן local 1 Samuel 4:12, so ᵑ0 2 Kings 23:12 (= he went quickly thence, but text perhaps corrupt, see Kit Benz, and compare

Hiph`il below); אַחֲרֵי person 2 Samuel 18:22; 1 Kings 19:20; 2 Kings 5:20,21; Song of Solomon 1:4, עַד person 2 Kings 4:22; לִפְנֵי person 2 Samuel 15:1; 1 Kings 1:5 (both of royal escort, out-runners), 1 Kings 18:46 (+ עַד location), לִפְנֵי of thing 1 Samuel 8:11; אֵת person accompare Jeremiah 12:5; with accusative of way, אֹרַֹח Psalm 19:6, דֶּרֶךְ 2 Samuel 18:23; Psalm 119:132 (figurative); as preliminary, + infinitive לִקְרַאת run to meet Genesis 18:2; Genesis 24:17; Genesis 29:13; Genesis 33:4 (all J), 2 Kings 4:26; Jeremiah 51:31, + finite verb Genesis 24:28; Genesis 29:12 (both J), Numbers 11:27; Joshua 8:19 (both J E), Judges 7:21; Judges 13:10; 1 Samuel 10:23; 1 Samuel 17:51; 2 Samuel 18:19; Psalm 59:5; as imperative + imperative 1 Samuel 20:36; Zechariah 2:8; absolute 1 Samuel 20:36; Isaiah 40:31; 2 Chronicles 23:12 (see 2 a), Proverbs 4:12; Proverbs 6:18 (of feet), of locusts Joel 2:4,7; specifically, run as messenger 2 Samuel 18:21,22,23 (twice in verse); 2 Samuel 18:24,26 (twice in verse), figurative of prophet's activity Jeremiah 23:21, of ׳י s word Psalm 147:15; figurative of reading smoothly, יָרוּץ קוֺרֵא בוֺ Habakkuk 2:2. — Psalm 18:30 = 2 Samuel 22:30 read אָרֹץ (for אָרֻץ, אָרוּץ), √רצץ Ew Ol Che Bae and others

2 Participle as substantive:

a. plural הָרָצִים the runners properly out-runners, as royal escort, compare verb 2 Samuel 15:1; 1 Kings 1:5; then) of royal body-guard 1 Samuel 22:17; 1 Kings 14:27,28 (twice in verse) = 2 Chronicles 12:10; 12:11; 12:28, 2 Kings 10:25 (twice in verse); 2 Kings 11:4,6,11,19 (twice in verse). — הָרָצִין (הָעָםׅ 2 Kings 11:13 is gloss (Kit Benz; whence [easier] הָעָםהָרָצִים 2 Chronicles 23:12 see 1). — Proverbs 29:6 for יָרֻן Pinsk Toy favour יָרוּץ.

b. runner = (royal messenger, post, late), רָץ Jeremiah 51:31 (twice in verse) ("" מַגִּיד), compare Job 9:25 (as swift); הָרָצִים 2 Chronicles 30:6,10; Esther 3:13,15, riders בַּסּוּסִים׳הָר Esther 8:10, רֹבֵי הָרֶכֶשׁ׳הָר Esther 8:14.

Po`lel Imperfect 3 masculine plural יְרוֺצֵ֑צוּ Nahum 2:5 they run swiftly, dart (like lightning; of chariots).

Hiph`il cause to run:

1 bring, or move, quickly, Imperfect 3 masculine plural suffix וַיְרִיצֻהוּ, מִן local Genesis 41:14 (E), read perhaps also 3 masculine singular וַיָּרֶץ 2 Kings 23:12 (accusative omitted; for ᵑ0וַיָּרָץ see

Qal); ל person, accusative of thing omitted וַיָּרִיצוּ 2 Chronicles 35:13; Imperative masculine singular הָרֵץ 1 Samuel 17:17 (+ accusative of location, ל person); Imperfect 3 feminine singular תָּרִיץ יָדָיו Psalm 68:32 quickly stretch out hands, לֵאלֹהִים (namely, with offerings).

2 with מֵעַל = drive away from, 1 singular, suffix 3 masculine singular, אֲרִיצֶנּוּ Jeremiah 49:19, so read probably also in "" Jeremiah 50:44 (Qr אֲרִיצֵם, > Kt ארוצם).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

רוּץ to run (Eth. ረቂጵ፡ Aram. רְהַט, ܪܗܰܛ id.; compare under the letter ה), Genesis 18:7, 24:20 29:12, and very often. Figuratively, Jeremiah 23:21, “I have not sent (those) prophets; (but) they run,” betake themselves to the prophetic function with evil assiduity. Psalms 119:32, “I will run in the way of thy commandments,” I will carefully walk in them. Habakkuk 2:2, “that he who readeth may run,” may read without difficulty. Used of inanimate things, Psalms 147:15. Specially

(a) to rush upon in a hostile manner, followed by אֶל and עַל Job 15:26, 16:14 followed by an acc. Psalms 18:30.

(b) followed by בְּ to flee to any one for safety, Proverbs 18:10.

Part. pl. רָצִים and רָצִין 2 Kings 11:13, runners.

(a) the horsemen, warriors of the Persian kings, whose business it was to carry the royal mandates to the provinces, Esther 3:13, 15 8:14.

(b) the guard, and royal messengers of the Hebrews in the time of Saul, 1 Samuel 22:17 and of the kings after David, 2 Kings 10:25, 11:6, seq.; prob. the same who in the reign of David were called פְּלֵתִי (which see). Compare 1 Kings 1:5, 14:27 2 Samuel 15:1.

Pilel רוֹצֵץ i.q. Kal, to run (as a chariot), Nahum 2:5.

Hiphil, to cause to run up, Jeremiah 49:19, 50:44 hence to lead up hastily, to bring quickly, Genesis 41:14; 1 Samuel 17:17 to cause to hasten. Psalms 68:32, בּוּשׁ תָּרִיץ יָדָיו לֵאלֹהִים “Ethiopia will make her hands to h as ten to God,” either to worship him, or else to offer gifts.

Derivatives, מֵרוֹץ, מְרוּצָה.

Note. Several forms of the verbs רוּץ, as the fut. יָרוּץ Niph. נָרוֹץ, the noun מְרוּצָה No. II, take their signification from the verb רָצַץ, which see.

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List of Word Forms
אֲרִיצֵם֙ אֲרִיצֶ֨נּוּ אָר֑וּץ אָר֔וּץ אָר֣וּץ אָר֣וּצָה אָרֻ֣ץ אָרֻֽצָה־ ארוץ ארוצה אריצם אריצנו ארץ ארצה־ הַיְרֻצ֤וּן הָֽרָצִ֔ים הָֽרָצִ֖ין הָֽרָצִ֞ים הָֽרָצִים֙ הָרָצִ֑ים הָרָצִ֔ים הָרָצִ֖ים הָרָצִ֜ים הָרָצִ֞ים הָרָצִ֨ים הָרָצִֽים׃ הָרָצִים֙ הָרָצִים֮ הירצון הרצים הרצים׃ הרצין וְאָר֛וּצָה וְהָרֵ֥ץ וְלָ֣רָצִ֔ים וְרָצ֖וּ וַיְרִיצֻ֖הוּ וַיָּ֖רָץ וַיָּ֙רָץ֙ וַיָּ֣רָץ וַיָּ֤רָץ וַיָּ֥רָץ וַיָּ֧רָץ וַיָּ֨רָץ וַיָּר֙וּצוּ֙ וַיָּרִ֖יצוּ וַיָּרֹֽץ׃ וַיָּרֻ֖צוּ וַיָּרֻ֙צוּ֙ וַתָּ֖רָץ וַתָּ֙רָץ֙ וַתָּ֥רָץ וארוצה והרץ וירוצו ויריצהו ויריצו וירץ וירץ׃ וירצו ולרצים ורצו ותרץ יְרֻצ֔וּן יְרוֹצֵֽצוּ׃ יְרוּצ֣וּן יְרוּצֽוּן׃ יָר֑וּצוּ יָר֔וּץ יָר֖וּץ יָר֙וּצוּ֙ יָר֣וּץ יָר֥וּץ יָרֻ֔צוּ יָרֻ֖ץ ירוץ ירוצו ירוצון ירוצון׃ ירוצצו׃ ירץ ירצו ירצון לָר֥וּץ לָרָצִ֨ים לָרָצִים֩ לָרוּץ֙ לרוץ לרצים נָּר֑וּצָה נרוצה ר֑וּץ רַ֙צְתָּה֙ רַ֣צְתִּי רָ֑ץ רָ֑צוּ רָ֔ץ רָ֣ץ רָ֤ץ רָ֥ץ רָץ֒ רָץ֙ רָצִ֖ים רָצִ֥ים רֻ֗ץ רֽוּץ־ רוץ רוץ־ רץ רצו רצים רצתה רצתי תָּ֝ר֗וּץ תָּרִ֥יץ תרוץ תריץ ’ă·rî·ṣêm ’ă·rî·ṣen·nū ’ā·rū·ṣāh ’ā·ru·ṣāh- ’ā·ruṣ ’ā·rūṣ ’ărîṣêm ’ărîṣennū ’āruṣ ’ārūṣ ’ārūṣāh ’āruṣāh- ariTzem ariTzennu aRutz aRutzah hā·rā·ṣîm hā·rā·ṣîn hārāṣîm hārāṣîn haraTzim haraTzin hay·ru·ṣūn hayruṣūn hayruTzun lā·rā·ṣîm lā·rūṣ lārāṣîm laraTzim lārūṣ laRutz nā·rū·ṣāh nārūṣāh naRutzah rā·ṣîm rā·ṣū rāṣ raṣ·tāh raṣ·tî rāṣîm raṣtāh raṣtî rāṣū ratz raTzim ratztah Ratzti Ratzu ruṣ rūṣ rūṣ- Rutz tā·rîṣ tā·rūṣ tārîṣ taRitz tārūṣ taRutz vaiyaRitzu vaiYarotz vaiyaRutzu vatTarotz vayriTzuhu veaRutzah vehaRetz veLaraTzim veraTzu wat·tā·rāṣ wattārāṣ way·rî·ṣu·hū way·yā·rāṣ way·yā·rî·ṣū way·yā·rōṣ way·yā·ru·ṣū way·yā·rū·ṣū wayrîṣuhū wayyārāṣ wayyārîṣū wayyārōṣ wayyāruṣū wayyārūṣū wə’ārūṣāh wə·’ā·rū·ṣāh wə·hā·rêṣ wə·lā·rā·ṣîm wə·rā·ṣū wəhārêṣ wəlārāṣîm wərāṣū yā·ru·ṣū yā·rū·ṣū yā·ruṣ yā·rūṣ yāruṣ yārūṣ yāruṣū yārūṣū yaRutz yaRutzu yə·rō·w·ṣê·ṣū yə·ru·ṣūn yə·rū·ṣūn yeroTzetzu yərōwṣêṣū yəruṣūn yərūṣūn yeruTzun

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, August 17th, 2018
the Week of Proper 14 / Ordinary 19
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