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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #7919 - שָׂכַל

Transliteration
śâkal
Phonetics
saw-kal'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
2263,2264
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to be prudent, be circumspect, wisely understand, prosper

1a) (Qal) to be prudent, be circumspect

1b) (Hiphil)

1b1) to look at or upon, have insight

1b2) to give attention to, consider, ponder, be prudent

1b3) to have insight, have comprehension

1b3a) insight, comprehension (substantive)

1b4) to cause to consider, give insight, teach

1b4a) the teachers, the wise

1b5) to act circumspectly, act prudently, act wisely

1b6) to prosper, have success

1b7) to cause to prosper

2) (Piel) to lay crosswise, cross (hands)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 877 ‑ ἀφροσύνη (af‑ros‑oo'‑nay);  878 ‑ ἄφρων (af'‑rone);  3474 ‑ μωρός (mo‑ros');  4907 ‑ σύνεσις (soon'‑es‑is);  3539 ‑ νοέω (noy‑eh'‑o);  718 ‑ ἁρμόζω (har‑mod'‑zo);  1343 ‑ δικαιοσύνη (dik‑ah‑yos‑oo'‑nay);  1921 ‑ ἐπιγινώσκω (ep‑ig‑in‑oce'‑ko);  1987 ‑ ἐπίσταμαι (ep‑is'‑tam‑ahee);  1990 ‑ ἐπιστήμων (ep‑ee‑stay'‑mone);  2137 ‑ εὐοδόω (yoo‑od‑o'‑o);  2186 ‑ ἐφίστημι (ef‑is'‑tay‑mee);  2657 ‑ κατανοέω (kat‑an‑o‑eh'‑o);  3474 ‑ μωρός (mo‑ros');  4908 ‑ συνετός (soon‑et'‑os);  5263 ‑ ὑποδείκνυμι (hoop‑od‑ike'‑noo‑mee);  5426 ‑ φρονέω (fron‑eh'‑o);  4920 ‑ συνίημι (soon‑ee'‑ay‑mee);  50 ‑ ἀγνοέω (ag‑no‑eh'‑o);  3471 ‑ μωραίνω (mo‑rah'ee‑no);  3154 ‑ ματαιόω (mat‑ah‑yo'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (63) NAS (63) HCS (61)
Genesis 2
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 2
1 Samuel 4
1 Kings 1
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 1
Nehemiah 2
Job 3
Psalms 12
Proverbs 13
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 6
Daniel 9
Amos 1
Genesis 2
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 2
1 Samuel 4
1 Kings 1
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 1
Nehemiah 2
Job 3
Psalms 11
Proverbs 13
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 5
Daniel 9
Amos 1
Genesis 2
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 2
1 Samuel 4
1 Kings 1
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 1
Nehemiah 2
Job 3
Psalms 11
Proverbs 13
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 5
Daniel 9
Amos 1
BYZ TIS TR
P-d 1
P-n 5
P-p 11
P-r 3
a-cp 1
n-cms 3
n-cmsc 5
v-hPfs 1
v-hPmp 2
v-hPmpc 1
v-hPms 4
v-ha 3
v-hc 2
v-hi2mp 1
v-hi2msXa 1
v-hi3ms 2
v-hp3ms 1
v-hvmp 1
v-qp3ms 1
P-d 1
P-n 5
P-p 13
P-r 4
a-cp 1
n-cms 3
n-cmsc 5
v-hPfs 1
v-hPmp 2
v-hPmpc 1
v-hPms 6
v-ha 3
v-hc 2
v-hi1cs 1
v-hi2mp 1
v-hi2msXa 1
v-hi3ms 2
v-hp3ms 1
v-hvmp 1
v-qp3ms 1
P-d 1
P-n 5
P-p 13
P-r 4
a-cp 1
n-cms 3
n-cmsc 5
v-hPfs 1
v-hPmp 2
v-hPmpc 1
v-hPms 6
v-ha 3
v-hc 2
v-hi1cs 1
v-hi2mp 1
v-hi2msXa 1
v-hi3ms 2
v-hp3ms 1
v-hvmp 1
v-qp3ms 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2477) lkx (סכל SKL) AC: Understand CO: ? AB: ?: The ability to consider a situation with comprehension in order to be successful or prosperous.

V) lkx (סכל SKL) - Understand: [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: lkV] KJV (64): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Piel) understand, wise, prosper, wisely, understanding, consider, instruct, prudent, skill, teach, consider - Strongs: H7919 (שָׂכַל), H7920 (שְׂכַל)

Nm ) lkx (סכל SKL) - Understanding: [df: lkV] KJV (16): understanding, wisdom, wise, prudence, knowledge, sense, discretion, policy - Strongs: H7922 (שֵׂכֶל)

Nf2 ) tlkx (סכלת SKLT) - Understanding: [Aramaic only] [df: wntlkV] KJV (3): understanding - Strongs: H7924 (שָׂכְלְתָנוּ)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. שָׂכַל verb be prudent (Gerber47denominative from שֶׂכֶל, but verb early; Late Hebrew סָכַל, Hithpa`el shew oneself attentive (to), look; Aramaic סְכַל (rare) understand, Ithpa`al look (at), consider, Aph`el instruct; שְׂכַל only Aph`el (for Hebrew הִשְׂכִּיל), understand, make wise; Pa`el teach, Ethpa`al understand, etc.; Samaritan Ithpa`al look (for Hebrew הִבִּיט); Assyrian šiklu, clever, šklûtu, cleverness, Meissn Suppl.93); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳שׂ 1 Samuel 18:30 be prudent, circumspect (SS HPS); Kit Buhl Gerber and others prosper.

Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular הִשְׂכִּיל Jeremiah 23:5; 1 Chronicles 28:19; 1 singular הִשְׂכַּלְתִּי Psalm 119:99; 3 masculine plural הִשְׂכִּילוּ Job 34:27 +; Imperfect יַשְׂכִּיל 1 Samuel 18:5 +; 2 masculine singular jussive תַּשְׂכַּל Daniel 9:25, etc.; Imperative masculine plural הַשְׂכִּילוּ Psalm 2:10; Infinitive absolute הַשְׂכֵּל Jeremiah 9:23 +; הַשְׂכֵּיל (Ges § 53 k) Jeremiah 3:15; Job 34:35; construct הַשְׂכִּיל Genesis 3:6 +, etc.; Participle מַשְׂכִּיל 1 Samuel 18:14 +, feminine מַשְׂכָּ֑לֶת Proverbs 19:14; plural מַשְׂכִּילִים Daniel 11:35 +, etc.; meanings hard to classify: scholars differ greatly; —

1 look at: נְחְמָד הָעֵץ לְהַשְׂכִּיל Genesis 3:6 (J) was desirable to look upon (so ᵐ5 Ges De; AV, RV to make one wise; Ew Di Buhl SS Dr and others below 3).

2 give attention to, consider, ponder: Isaiah 41:20; Isaiah 44:18; Deuteronomy 32:29; Psalm 64:10; Psalm 106:7; Job 34:27; with לְ Proverbs 21:12; with אֶל Psalm 41:2; Nehemiah 8:13; with עַל Proverbs 16:20; with ב Psalm 101:2; Daniel 9:13.

3 have insight, comprehension: Jeremiah 9:23 ("" ׳יָדַע י), Psalm 94:8 ("" בִּין), Psalm 119:99, Daniel 1:4; Daniel 9:25 ("" יָדַע); הַשְׂכֵּ(י)ל assubstantive = insight, understanding: as ׳י s gift to ruler and teacher, "" דֵּעָה Jeremiah 3:15; "" דַּ֫עַת Job 34:35; "" מַדָּע Daniel 1:17; מוּסַר׳הַשׂ Proverbs 1:3; ׳דֶּרֶךְ הַשׂ Proverbs 21:16.

4 cause to consider, give insight, teach: ׳י subject, accusative of thing, 1 Chronicles 28:19, accusative of person Psalm 32:8; Nehemiah 9:20; Gabriel subject, 2accusative Daniel 9:22; לֵב חָכָם subject, accusative of thing Proverbs 16:23; with לְ, Proverbs 21:11; ׳הַמַּשְׂכִּילִים שֵׂכֶל טוֺב לי 2 Chronicles 30:22 (but Be Ke Benz etc. who shewed good skill, that Isaiah , in music, 2 Chronicles 30:21 b); (הַ)מַוְכִּילִים Daniel 11:33,35; Daniel 12:3,10 the teachers (so Ew Hi Bev; Thes Ke Behrm and others the wise).

5 act circumspectly, prudently: absolute Amos 5:13; Psalm 2:10; Psalm 36:4; מַשְׂכִּיל as substantive Psalm 14:2 = Psalm 53:3, Proverbs 10:5,19; Proverbs 14:35; Proverbs 15:24; Proverbs 17:2; Job 22:2; אִשָּׁה מַשְׂכָּ֑לֶת Proverbs 19:14. — Jeremiah 50:9 has גִּבּוֺר מַשְׁכִּיל according to Masora (van d. H. Baer Gi), compare ᵑ9, i.e. a child-slaying warrior; but ׳שׁ

Hiph`il elsewhere only Hosea 9:14, of miscarriage; ᵐ5ᵑ6 Ew and most modern (Gf Gie Rothst) read מַשְׂכִּיל, either skilful or fortunate.

6 prosper, have success (compare Dr 1 Samuel 18:5): absolute 1 Samuel 18:15; Isaiah 52:13; Jeremiah 10:21; Jeremiah 20:11; Jeremiah 23:5; Joshua 1:8 (D); with ב, Joshua 1:7 (D) 1 Samuel 18:5,14 (read בְּכָלֿ for לְכָלֿ Vrss Th HPS and others), compare 2 Kings 18:7; with אֶל, Proverbs 17:8.

7 cause to prosper: Deuteronomy 29:8; 1 Kings 2:3(D).

II. [שָׂכַל] verb Pi`el lay crosswise ( Song of Solomon , and not √ I. ׳שׂ, ᵐ5ᵑ6 ᵑ9ᵑ7 Jon and modern, compare Arabic bind legs of beast, plait locks of hair); — Perfect 3 masculine singular שִׂכֵּל אֶתיָֿדָיו Genesis 48:14 (J); Thes Dr, however, prudentes fecit, from √ I. ׳שׂ.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שָׂכַל

(1) prop. to look at, to behold, i.q. Chald. סְכַל Peal and Ithpael; compare Arab. شَكْلُ figure, likeness; see Hiphil No. 1. More often figuratively

(2) to be prudent, to act prudently, 1 Samuel 18:30 compare Germ. klug; formerly glau; from the verb lugen; Engl. to look; pr. provident, circumspect.

Piel, causat. of Kal No. 2. Genesis 48:14, שִׂכֵּל אֶת־יָדָיו “he (so) placed his hands prudently,” i.e. of set purpose. But all the ancient versions render, he put his hands across. LXX. ἐναλλὰξ τὰς χεῖρας. Vulg. commutans manus, which is defensible; comp. Arab. شَكَلَ to bind; Conj. II., to plait the hair; شَكلَ and شَكُلَ to be intertwined.

Hiphil

(1) to look at. Genesis 3:6, וְנֶחְמָד הָעֵץ לְהַשְׂכִּיל “and the tree was desirable to look at.” Vulg. aspectu delectabile.

(2) to attend, to turn the mind to; followed by an acc., Deuteronomy 32:29; Psalms 64:10 followed by עַל Proverbs 16:20 אֶל Nehemiah 8:13; Psalms 41:2, מַשְׂכִּיל אֶל דַּל “who attends to (cares for) the poor;” followed by בְּ Daniel 9:13.

(3) to be or become understanding, prudent, Psalms 2:10, 94:8 followed by בְּ Daniel 1:4 comp. verse 17 to act prudently, Jeremiah 20:11, 23:5. Part. מַשְׂכִּיל prudent, intelligent, Job 22:2 Prop. 10:5 also upright, pious, Psalms 14:2; Daniel 11:33, 35 Daniel 11:35, 12:3, 10 Daniel 12:10(comp. חָכָם, חָכְמָה). Inf. הַשְׂכִּיל Jeremiah 3:15 and הַשְׂכֵּל Proverbs 1:3, 21:16 subst. inntelligence, prudence.

(4) i.q. הִצְלִיחַ to be successful (in carrying anything on), to act prosperously, Joshua 1:7, Joshua 1:8; 2 Kings 18:7; Isaiah 52:13; Jeremiah 10:21; Proverbs 17:8. Also causat.

(5) to make prudent, to teach, Psalms 32:8 followed by two acc., Daniel 9:22 followed by לְ of pers. Proverbs 21:11.

(6) to give success, 1 Kings 2:3.

Part. מַשְׂכִּיל subst., a song, poem, Psalms 47:8 and in the titles of Psa 32:1-11, 42, 44, 45, 52, 53, 54, 55, 74, 78, 88, 98, 142. The origin of this signification is doubtful. The easiest explanation appears to be that of those who render מַשְׂכִּיל prop. a didactic poem, but so that this special word became applied to other kinds of poems; since the authors of Psalms which are not didactic, sometimes also take the place of teachers (see Psalms 45:11); and Arabic شِعْرَ doctrine, is used of poetry of every kind. Others take it to be, oratio ligata; from شكل; See Piel.

Derivatives, שֵׂכֶל, שֶׂכֶל.

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List of Word Forms
אַשְׂכִּ֤ילָה ׀ אַשְׂכִּֽילְךָ֨ ׀ אשכילה אשכילך בְהַשְׂכֵּֽיל׃ בהשכיל׃ הִשְׂכִּ֑יל הִשְׂכִּ֔ילוּ הִשְׂכִּ֬ילוּ הִשְׂכִּֽילוּ׃ הִשְׂכַּ֑לְתִּי הַמַּשְׂכִּ֛יל הַמַּשְׂכִּילִ֣ים הַשְׂכִּ֑ילוּ הַשְׂכֵּ֑ל הַשְׂכֵּל֮ המשכיל המשכילים השכיל השכילו השכילו׃ השכל השכלתי וְהִשְׂכִּ֔יל וְהַ֨מַּשְׂכִּלִ֔ים וְהַמַּשְׂכִּלִ֖ים וְהַשְׂכֵּ֖ל וְהַשְׂכֵּֽיל׃ וְיַשְׂכִּ֙ילוּ֙ וְתַשְׂכֵּ֜ל וּבְהַשְׂכִּ֥יל וּלְהַשְׂכִּ֖יל וּמַשְׂכִּ֣ילֵי וּמַשְׂכִּילִ֣ים ובהשכיל והמשכלים והשכיל והשכיל׃ והשכל וישכילו ולהשכיל ומשכילי ומשכילים ותשכל יַשְׂכִּ֑יל יַשְׂכִּ֔יל יַשְׂכִּ֖יל יַשְׂכִּ֣יל יַשְׂכִּ֣ילוּ יַשְׂכִּֽיל׃ ישכיל ישכיל׃ ישכילו לְהַשְׂכִּ֔יל לְהַשְׂכִּ֣יל לְהַשְׂכִּילְךָ֥ לְהַשְׂכִּילָ֑ם לְמַשְׂכִּ֑יל להשכיל להשכילך להשכילם למשכיל מֵהַשְׂכִּ֖יל מַשְׁכִּ֔יל מַשְׂכִּ֑יל מַשְׂכִּ֗יל מַשְׂכִּ֣יל מַשְׂכִּֽיל׃ מַשְׂכָּֽלֶת׃ מהשכיל משכיל משכיל׃ משכלת׃ שִׂכֵּל֙ שֵֽׂכֶל־ שָׂכַ֤ל שכל שכל־ תַּשְׂכִּ֔יל תַּשְׂכִּ֔ילוּ תַּשְׂכִּ֗יל תַּשְׂכִּֽיל׃ תַּשְׂכִּֽילוּ׃ תשכיל תשכיל׃ תשכילו תשכילו׃ ’aś·kî·lāh ’aś·kî·lə·ḵā ’aśkîlāh ’aśkîləḵā asKilah askileCha ḇə·haś·kêl ḇəhaśkêl ham·maś·kî·lîm ham·maś·kîl hammasKil hammaśkîl hammaskiLim hammaśkîlîm haś·kêl haś·kî·lū hasKel haśkêl hasKilu haśkîlū hiś·kal·tî hiś·kî·lū hiś·kîl hisKalti hiśkaltî hisKil hiśkîl hisKilu hiśkîlū lə·haś·kî·lām lə·haś·kî·lə·ḵā lə·haś·kîl lə·maś·kîl lehasKil ləhaśkîl lehaskiLam ləhaśkîlām lehaskileCha ləhaśkîləḵā lemasKil ləmaśkîl maś·kā·leṯ maś·kîl maš·kîl mashKil masKalet maśkāleṯ masKil maśkîl maškîl mê·haś·kîl mehasKil mêhaśkîl śā·ḵal saChal śāḵal śê·ḵel- sechel śêḵel- śik·kêl sikKel śikkêl taś·kî·lū taś·kîl tasKil taśkîl tasKilu taśkîlū ū·ḇə·haś·kîl ū·lə·haś·kîl ū·maś·kî·lê ū·maś·kî·lîm ūḇəhaśkîl ulehasKil ūləhaśkîl ūmaśkîlê umasKilei umaskiLim ūmaśkîlîm uvehasKil veHammaskiLim vehasKeil vehasKel vehisKil vetasKel veyasKilu wə·ham·maś·ki·lîm wə·haś·kêl wə·hiś·kîl wə·ṯaś·kêl wə·yaś·kî·lū wəhammaśkilîm wəhaśkêl wəhiśkîl wəṯaśkêl wəyaśkîlū yaś·kî·lū yaś·kîl yasKil yaśkîl yasKilu yaśkîlū
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