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Bible Commentaries

The Gospels Compared

Luke 22

Verses 1-2

Religious leaders plot to kill Jesus
Matthew 26:1-5 Mark 14:1-2 Luke 22:1-2
Matthew 26:1 And it came to pass, when Jesus had finished all these sayings, he said unto his disciples, Mark 14:1 After two days was [the feast of] the passover, and of unleavened bread: Luke 22:1 Now the feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover.
Matthew 26:2 Ye know that after two days is [the feast of] the passover, and the Son of man is betrayed to be crucified.

Matthew 26:3 Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, unto the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas, and the chief priests and the scribes Luke 22:2 And the chief priests and scribes
Matthew 26:4 And consulted that they might take Jesus by subtilty, and kill [him]. sought how they might take him by craft, and put [him] to death. sought how they might kill him; for they feared the people.
Matthew 26:5 But they said, Not on the feast [day], lest there be an uproar among the people. Mark 14:2 But they said, Not on the feast [day], lest there be an uproar of the people.

Verses 3-6

Judas agrees to betray Jesus
Matthew 26:14-16 Mark 14:10-11 Luke 22:3-6
Matthew 26:14 Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, Mark 14:10 And Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, Luke 22:3 Then entered Satan into Judas surnamed Iscariot, being of the number of the twelve.
went unto the chief priests, went unto the chief priests, Luke 22:4 And he went his way, and communed with the chief priests and captains,
Matthew 26:15 And said [unto them], What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you? to betray him unto them. how he might betray him unto them.
And they covenanted with him for thirty pieces of silver. Mark 14:11 And when they heard [it], they were glad, and promised to give him money. Luke 22:5 And they were glad, and covenanted to give him money.


Luke 22:6 And he promised,
Matthew 26:16 And from that time he sought opportunity to betray him. And he sought how he might conveniently betray him. and sought opportunity to betray him unto them in the absence of the multitude.

Verses 7-13

Disciples prepare for the Passover
Matthew 26:17-19 Mark 14:12-16 Luke 22:7-13
Matthew 26:17 Now the first [day] of the [feast of] unleavened bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying unto him, Mark 14:12 And the first day of unleavened bread, when they killed the passover, his disciples said unto him, Luke 22:7 Then came the day of unleavened bread, when the passover must be killed.
Where wilt thou that we prepare for thee to eat the passover? Where wilt thou that we go and prepare that thou mayest eat the passover? Luke 22:9 And they said unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare?
Matthew 26:18 And he said, Go into the city Mark 14:13 And he sendeth forth two of his disciples, and saith unto them, Go ye into the city, Luke 22:8 And he sent Peter and John, saying, Go and prepare us the passover, that we may eat.
to such a man, and there shall meet you a man bearing a pitcher of water: follow him. Luke 22:10 And he said unto them, Behold, when ye are entered into the city, there shall a man meet you, bearing a pitcher of water;

Mark 14:14 And wheresoever he shall go in, follow him into the house where he entereth in.
and say unto him, The Master saith, My time is at hand; I will keep the passover at thy house with my disciples. say ye to the goodman of the house, The Master saith, Where is the guestchamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples? Luke 22:11 And ye shall say unto the goodman of the house, The Master saith unto thee, Where is the guestchamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples?

Mark 14:15 And he will shew you a large upper room furnished [and] prepared: there make ready for us. Luke 22:12 And he shall shew you a large upper room furnished: there make ready.
Matthew 26:19 And the disciples did as Jesus had appointed them; and they made ready the passover. Mark 14:16 And his disciples went forth, and came into the city, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover. Luke 22:13 And they went, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover.

Verses 14-23

Jesus and the disciples have the Last Supper
Matt 26:20-30 Mark 14:17-26 Luke 22:14-23 John 13:21-30
Matthew 26:20 Now when the even was come, he sat down with the twelve. Mark 14:17 And in the evening he cometh with the twelve. Luke 22:14 And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him.


Luke 22:15 And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer:
Matthew 26:21 And as they did eat, he said, Verily I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me. Mark 14:18 And as they sat and did eat, Jesus said, Verily I say unto you, One of you which eateth with me shall betray me. Luke 22:21 But, behold, the hand of him that betrayeth me [is] with me on the table. John 13:21 When Jesus had thus said, he was troubled in spirit, and testified, and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me.
John 13:22 Then the disciples looked one on another, doubting of whom he spake. John 13:23Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved. John 13:24 Simon Peter therefore beckoned to him, that he should ask who it should be of whom he spake.
Matthew 26:22 And they were exceeding sorrowful, and began every one of them to say unto him, Lord, is it I? Mark 14:19 And they began to be sorrowful, and to say unto him one by one, [Is] it I? and another [said, Is] it I? Luke 22:23 And they began to enquire among themselves, which of them it was that should do this thing. John 13:25 He then lying on Jesus' breast saith unto him, Lord, who is it?
Matthew 26:23 And he answered and said, He that dippeth [his] hand with me in the dish, the same shall betray me. Mark 14:20 And he answered and said unto them, [It is] one of the twelve, that dippeth with me in the dish.
John 13:26 Jesus answered, He it is, to whom I shall give a sop, when I have dipped [it]. And when he had dipped the sop, he gave [it] to Judas Iscariot, [the son] of Simon.
Matthew 26:24 The Son of man goeth as it is written of him: but woe unto that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! it had been good for that man if he had not been born. Mark 14:21 The Son of man indeed goeth, as it is written of him: but woe to that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! good were it for that man if he had never been born. Luke 22:22 And truly the Son of man goeth, as it was determined: but woe unto that man by whom he is betrayed!
Matthew 26:25 Then Judas, which betrayed him, answered and said, Master, is it I? He said unto him, Thou hast said.
John 13:27 And after the sop Satan entered into him. Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly. John 13:28Now no man at the table knew for what intent he spake this unto him. John 13:29For some [of them] thought, because Judas had the bag, that Jesus had said unto him, Buy [those things] that we have need of against the feast; or, that he should give something to the poor. John 13:30 He then having received the sop went immediately out: and it was night.


End John’s Account



Luke 22:16 For I say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof, until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God.
Matthew 26:26 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed [it], and brake [it], and gave [it] to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. Mark 14:22 And as they did eat, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and brake [it], and gave to them, and said, Take, eat: this is my body. Luke 22:19 And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake [it], and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me.
Matthew 26:27 And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave [it] to them, saying, Drink ye all of it; Mark 14:23 And he took the cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave [it] to them: and they all drank of it. Luke 22:17 And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, Take this, and divide [it] among yourselves:
Matthew 26:28 For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. Mark 14:24 And he said unto them, This is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many. Luke 22:20 Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup [is] the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.
Matthew 26:29 But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father's kingdom. Mark 14:25 Verily I say unto you, I will drink no more of the fruit of the vine, until that day that I drink it new in the kingdom of God. Luke 22:18 For I say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of God shall come.
Matthew 26:30 And when they had sung an hymn, they went out into the mount of Olives. Mark 14:26 And when they had sung an hymn, they went out into the mount of Olives.

Verses 31-34

Jesus predicts Peter's denial
Matt 26:31-35 Mark 14:27-31 Luke 22:31-34 John 13:36-38
Matthew 26:31 Then saith Jesus unto them, All ye shall be offended because of me this night: for it is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered abroad. Mark 14:27 And Jesus saith unto them, All ye shall be offended because of me this night: for it is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered. Luke 22:31 And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired [to have] you, that he may sift [you] as wheat: John 13:36 Simon Peter said unto him, Lord, whither goest thou? Jesus answered him, Whither I go, thou canst not follow me now; but thou shalt follow me afterwards.
Matthew 26:32 But after I am risen again, I will go before you into Galilee. Mark 14:28 But after that I am risen, I will go before you into Galilee. Luke 22:32 But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not: and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren.
Matthew 26:33 Peter answered and said unto him, Though all [men] shall be offended because of thee, [yet] will I never be offended. Mark 14:29 But Peter said unto him, Although all shall be offended, yet [will] not I. Luke 22:33 And he said unto him, Lord, I am ready to go with thee, both into prison, and to death. John 13:37 Peter said unto him, Lord, why cannot I follow thee now? I will lay down my life for thy sake.
Matthew 26:34 Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, That this night, before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice. Mark 14:30 And Jesus saith unto him, Verily I say unto thee, That this day, [even] in this night, before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice. Luke 22:34 And he said, I tell thee, Peter, the cock shall not crow this day, before that thou shalt thrice deny that thou knowest me. John 13:38 Jesus answered him, Wilt thou lay down thy life for my sake? Verily, verily, I say unto thee, The cock shall not crow, till thou hast denied me thrice.
Matthew 26:35 Peter said unto him, Though I should die with thee, yet will I not deny thee. Likewise also said all the disciples. Mark 14:31 But he spake the more vehemently, If I should die with thee, I will not deny thee in any wise. Likewise also said they all.

Verses 39-46

Jesus agonizes in the garden
Matthew 26:36-46 Mark 14:32-42 Luke 22:39-46
John 18:1 When Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with his disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a garden, into the which he entered, and his disciples. Luke 22:39 And he came out, and went, as he was wont, to the mount of Olives; and his disciples also followed him.


Matthew 26:36 Then cometh Jesus with them unto a place called Gethsemane, and saith unto the disciples, Sit ye here, while I go and pray yonder. Mark 14:32 And they came to a place which was named Gethsemane: and he saith to his disciples, Sit ye here, while I shall pray. Luke 22:40 And when he was at the place, he said unto them, Pray that ye enter not into temptation.
Matthew 26:37 And he took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be sorrowful and very heavy. Mark 14:33 And he taketh with him Peter and James and John, and began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy;
Matthew 26:38 Then saith he unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death: tarry ye here, and watch with me. Mark 14:34 And saith unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful unto death: tarry ye here, and watch.
Matthew 26:39 And he went a little further, and fell on his face, and prayed, Mark 14:35 And he went forward a little, and fell on the ground, and prayed that, if it were possible, the hour might pass from him. Luke 22:41 And he was withdrawn from them about a stone's cast, and kneeled down, and prayed,
saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou [wilt]. Mark 14:36 And he said, Abba, Father, all things [are] possible unto thee; take away this cup from me: nevertheless not what I will, but what thou wilt. Luke 22:42 Saying, Father, if thou be willing, remove this cup from me: nevertheless not my will, but thine, be done.


Luke 22:43 And there appeared an angel unto him from heaven, strengthening him.
Matthew 26:40 And he cometh unto the disciples, and findeth them asleep, and saith unto Peter, What, could ye not watch with me one hour? Mark 14:37 And he cometh, and findeth them sleeping, and saith unto Peter, Simon, sleepest thou? couldest not thou watch one hour?
Matthew 26:41 Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed [is] willing, but the flesh [is] weak. Mark 14:38 Watch ye and pray, lest ye enter into temptation. The spirit truly [is] ready, but the flesh [is] weak.
Matthew 26:42 He went away again the second time, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if this cup may not pass away from me, except I drink it, thy will be done. Mark 14:39 And again he went away, and prayed, and spake the same words. Luke 22:44 And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.
Matthew 26:43 And he came and found them asleep again: for their eyes were heavy. Mark 14:40 And when he returned, he found them asleep again, (for their eyes were heavy,) neither wist they what to answer him. Luke 22:45 And when he rose up from prayer, and was come to his disciples, he found them sleeping for sorrow,


Luke 22:46 And said unto them, Why sleep ye? rise and pray, lest ye enter into temptation.
Matthew 26:44 And he left them, and went away again, and prayed the third time, saying the same words.

Matthew 26:45 Then cometh he to his disciples, and saith unto them, Sleep on now, and take [your] rest: behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. Mark 14:41 And he cometh the third time, and saith unto them, Sleep on now, and take [your] rest: it is enough, the hour is come; behold, the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.
Matthew 26:46 Rise, let us be going: behold, he is at hand that doth betray me. Mark 14:42 Rise up, let us go; lo, he that betrayeth me is at hand.

Verses 47-53

Jesus is betrayed and arrested
Matt 26:47-56 Mark 14:43-50 Luke 22:47-53 John 18:1-11
Matthew 26:47 And while he yet spake, lo, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priests and elders of the people. Mark 14:43 And immediately, while he yet spake, cometh Judas, one of the twelve, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priests and the scribes and the elders. Luke 22:47 And while he yet spake, behold a multitude, and he that was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them, John 18:2 And Judas also, which betrayed him, knew the place: for Jesus ofttimes resorted thither with his disciples. John 18:3 Judas then, having received a band [of men] and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns and torches and weapons.



John 18:4 Jesus therefore, knowing all things that should come upon him, went forth,
Matthew 26:48 Now he that betrayed him gave them a sign, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he: hold him fast. Mark 14:44 And he that betrayed him had given them a token, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he; take him, and lead [him] away safely.

Matthew 26:49 And forthwith he came to Jesus, and said, Hail, master; and kissed him. Mark 14:45 And as soon as he was come, he goeth straightway to him, and saith, Master, master; and kissed him. and drew near unto Jesus to kiss him.
Matthew 26:50 And Jesus said unto him, Friend, wherefore art thou come?
Luke 22:48 But Jesus said unto him, Judas, betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss? and said unto them, Whom seek ye?
John 18:5 They answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus saith unto them, I am [he]. And Judas also, which betrayed him, stood with them. John 18:6 As soon then as he had said unto them, I am [he], they went backward, and fell to the ground. John 18:7 Then asked he them again, Whom seek ye? And they said, Jesus of Nazareth. John 18:8 Jesus answered, I have told you that I am [he]: if therefore ye seek me, let these go their way: John 18:9 That the saying might be fulfilled, which he spake, Of them which thou gavest me have I lost none.
Matthew 26:50 Then came they, and laid hands on Jesus, and took him. Mark 14:46 And they laid their hands on him, and took him. Luke 22:49 When they which were about him saw what would follow,


they said unto him, Lord, shall we smite with the sword?
Matthew 26:51 And, behold, one of them which were with Jesus stretched out [his] hand, and drew his sword, and struck a servant of the high priest's, and smote off his ear. Mark 14:47 And one of them that stood by drew a sword, and smote a servant of the high priest, and cut off his ear. Luke 22:50 And one of them smote the servant of the high priest, and cut off his right ear. John 18:10 Then Simon Peter having a sword drew it, and smote the high priest's servant, and cut off his right ear. The servant's name was Malchus.
Matthew 26:52 Then said Jesus unto him, Put up again thy sword into his place: for all they that take the sword shall perish with the sword.
Luke 22:51 And Jesus answered and said, Suffer ye thus far. And he touched his ear, and healed him. John 18:11 Then said Jesus unto Peter, Put up thy sword into the sheath:
Matthew 26:53 Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father, and he shall presently give me more than twelve legions of angels?

the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?
Matthew 26:54 But how then shall the scriptures be fulfilled, that thus it must be?


Matthew 26:55 In that same hour said Jesus to the multitudes, Are ye come out as against a thief with swords and staves for to take me? Mark 14:48 And Jesus answered and said unto them, Are ye come out, as against a thief, with swords and [with] staves to take me? Luke 22:52 Then Jesus said unto the chief priests, and captains of the temple, and the elders, which were come to him, Be ye come out, as against a thief, with swords and staves?
I sat daily with you teaching in the temple, and ye laid no hold on me. Mark 14:49 I was daily with you in the temple teaching, and ye took me not: Luke 22:53 When I was daily with you in the temple, ye stretched forth no hands against me:
Matthew 26:56 But all this was done, that the scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled. but the scriptures must be fulfilled. but this is your hour, and the power of darkness.
Then all the disciples forsook him, and fled. Mark 14:50 And they all forsook him, and fled.

Verse 54

Caiaphas questions Jesus
Matt 26:57-68 Mark 14:53-65 Luke 22:54 Luke 22:67-71 John 18:12-24
Matthew 26:57 And they that had laid hold on Jesus led [him] away Mark 14:53 (a) And they led Jesus away Luke 22:54 (a) Then took they him, and led [him], John 18:12 Then the band and the captain and officers of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him,
Luke 3:2 "in the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John, the son of Zacharias, in the wilderness." John 18:13 And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year.
John 18:19 The high priest then asked Jesus of his disciples, and of his doctrine. John 18:20 Jesus answered him, I spake openly to the world; I ever taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, whither the Jews always resort; and in secret have I said nothing. John 18:21 Why askest thou me? ask them which heard me, what I have said unto them: behold, they know what I said. John 18:22 And when he had thus spoken, one of the officers which stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying, Answerest thou the high priest so? John 18:23 Jesus answered him, If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil: but if well, why smitest thou me? John 18:24 Now Annas had sent him bound unto Caiaphas the high priest.
to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were assembled. Mark 14:53 (b) to the high priest: and with him were assembled all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes. Luke 22:54 (b) and brought him into the high priest's house. John 18:14 Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.
Matthew 26:58 But Peter followed him afar off unto the high priest's palace, and went in, and sat with the servants, to see the end. Mark 14:54 And Peter followed him afar off, even into the palace of the high priest: and he sat with the servants, and warmed himself at the fire. And Peter followed afar off. John 18:15 And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and [so did] another disciple: that disciple was known unto the high priest, and went in with Jesus into the palace of the high priest.
Matthew 26:59 Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against Jesus, to put him to death; Mark 14:55 And the chief priests and all the council sought for witness against Jesus to put him to death;
Matthew 26:60 But found none: and found none.
yea, though many false witnesses came, [yet] found they none. Mark 14:56 For many bare false witness against him, but their witness agreed not together.
At the last came two false witnesses, Mark 14:57 And there arose certain, and bare false witness against him, saying,
Matthew 26:61 And said, This [fellow] said, I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to build it in three days. Mark 14:58 We heard him say, I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and within three days I will build another made without hands.

Mark 14:59 But neither so did their witness agree together.
Matthew 26:62 And the high priest arose, and said unto him, Answerest thou nothing? what [is it which] these witness against thee? Mark 14:60 And the high priest stood up in the midst, and asked Jesus, saying, Answerest thou nothing? what [is it which] these witness against thee?


Matthew 26:63 But Jesus held his peace. And the high priest answered and said unto him, I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ, the Son of God. Mark 14:61 But he held his peace, and answered nothing. Again the high priest asked him, and said unto him, Art thou the Christ, the Son of the Blessed? Luke 22:67 Art thou the Christ? tell us.


And he said unto them, If I tell you, ye will not believe:


Luke 22:68 And if I also ask [you], ye will not answer me, nor let [me] go.
Matthew 26:64 Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven. Mark 14:62 And Jesus said, I am: and ye shall see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven. Luke 22:69 Hereafter shall the Son of man sit on the right hand of the power of God. Luke 22:70 Then said they all, Art thou then the Son of God? And he said unto them, Ye say that I am.
Matthew 26:65 Then the high priest rent his clothes, saying, He hath spoken blasphemy; what further need have we of witnesses? behold, now ye have heard his blasphemy. Mark 14:63 Then the high priest rent his clothes, and saith, What need we any further witnesses? Luke 22:71 And they said, What need we any further witness? for we ourselves have heard of his own mouth.


Matthew 26:66 What think ye? They answered and said, He is guilty of death. Mark 14:64 Ye have heard the blasphemy: what think ye? And they all condemned him to be guilty of death.
Matthew 26:67 Then did they spit in his face, and buffeted him; and others smote [him] with the palms of their hands, Mark 14:65 And some began to spit on him, and to cover his face, and to buffet him, and to say unto him,
Matthew 26:68 Saying, Prophesy unto us, thou Christ, Who is he that smote thee? Prophesy: and the servants did strike him with the palms of their hands.

Verses 55-62

Peter's Denial of Christ
Matt 26:69-75 Mark 14:66-72 Luke 22:55-62 John 18:25-27
Matthew 26:69 Now Peter sat without in the palace:

John 18:16 But Peter stood at the door without.
Then went out that other disciple, which was known unto the high priest, and spake unto her that kept the door, and brought in Peter.


Luke 22:55 And when they had kindled a fire in the midst of the hall, and were set down together, Peter sat down among them. John 18:25 (a) And Simon Peter stood and warmed himself.
and a damsel came unto him, saying, Mark 14:66 And as Peter was beneath in the palace, there cometh one of the maids of the high priest: Luke 22:56 But a certain maid beheld him as he sat by the fire, John 18:17 Then saith the damsel that kept the door unto Peter, Art not thou also [one] of this man's disciples? He saith, I am not.

Mark 14:67 And when she saw Peter warming himself, she looked upon him, and earnestly looked upon him,
Thou also wast with Jesus of Galilee. and said, And thou also wast with Jesus of Nazareth. and said, This man was also with him. John 18:25 (b) They said therefore unto him, Art not thou also [one] of his disciples?
Matthew 26:70 But he denied before [them] all, saying, I know not what thou sayest. Mark 14:68 But he denied, saying, I know not, neither understand I what thou sayest. And he went out into the porch; and the cock crew. Luke 22:57 And he denied him, saying, Woman, I know him not. He denied [it], and said, I am not.
Matthew 26:71 And when he was gone out into the porch, another [maid] saw him, and said unto them that were there, This [fellow] was also with Jesus of Nazareth. Mark 14:69 And a maid saw him again, and began to say to them that stood by, This is [one] of them. Luke 22:58 And after a little while another saw him, and said, Thou art also of them. John 18:18 And the servants and officers stood there, who had made a fire of coals; for it was cold: and they warmed themselves: and Peter stood with them, and warmed himself.
Matthew 26:72 And again he denied with an oath, I do not know the man. Mark 14:70 And he denied it again. And Peter said, Man, I am not.
Matthew 26:73 And after a while came unto [him] they that stood by, and said to Peter, Surely thou also art [one] of them; for thy speech bewrayeth thee. And a little after, they that stood by said again to Peter, Surely thou art [one] of them: for thou art a Galilaean, and thy speech agreeth [thereto]. Luke 22:59 And about the space of one hour after another confidently affirmed, saying, Of a truth this [fellow] also was with him: for he is a Galilaean. John 18:26 One of the servants of the high priest, being [his] kinsman whose ear Peter cut off, saith, Did not I see thee in the garden with him?
Matthew 26:74 Then began he to curse and to swear, [saying], I know not the man. Mark 14:71 But he began to curse and to swear, [saying], I know not this man of whom ye speak. Luke 22:60 And Peter said, Man, I know not what thou sayest.
And immediately the cock crew. Mark 14:72 And the second time the cock crew. And immediately, while he yet spake, the cock crew. John 18:27 Peter then denied again: and immediately the cock crew.


Luke 22:61 And the Lord turned, and looked upon Peter.
Matthew 26:75 And Peter remembered the word of Jesus, which said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice. And Peter called to mind the word that Jesus said unto him, Before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how he had said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice.
And he went out, and wept bitterly. And when he thought thereon, he wept. Luke 22:62 And Peter went out, and wept bitterly.
If a cock crows a second time, then it has crowed once before. The problem is that in Mark, after Peter denies the Lord for the third time (Mark 14:71), immediately a cock crows a second time (v. Mark 14:72). The other gospels tell us that after Peter's third denial a cock then crows. How do we reconcile this difficulty?
Mark does not mention when the cock crowed the first time. Therefore, it is possible that after Peter's third denial, the cock then crowed twice; that is, two times in a row. (
carm.org)

Verse 66

The council of religious leaders condemns Jesus
Matt 27:1-2 Mark 15:1 Luke 22:66
Matthew 27:1 When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death: Mark 15:1 And straightway in the morning the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole council, Luke 22:66 And as soon as it was day, the elders of the people and the chief priests and the scribes came together, and led him into their council, saying,
Matthew 27:2 And when they had bound him, they led [him] away, and delivered him to Pontius Pilate the governor. and bound Jesus, and carried [him] away, and delivered [him] to Pilate.

Verses 67-71

Caiaphas questions Jesus
Matt 26:57-68 Mark 14:53-65 Luke 22:54 Luke 22:67-71 John 18:12-24
Matthew 26:57 And they that had laid hold on Jesus led [him] away Mark 14:53 (a) And they led Jesus away Luke 22:54 (a) Then took they him, and led [him], John 18:12 Then the band and the captain and officers of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him,
Luke 3:2 "in the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John, the son of Zacharias, in the wilderness." John 18:13 And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year.
John 18:19 The high priest then asked Jesus of his disciples, and of his doctrine. John 18:20 Jesus answered him, I spake openly to the world; I ever taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, whither the Jews always resort; and in secret have I said nothing. John 18:21 Why askest thou me? ask them which heard me, what I have said unto them: behold, they know what I said. John 18:22 And when he had thus spoken, one of the officers which stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying, Answerest thou the high priest so? John 18:23 Jesus answered him, If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil: but if well, why smitest thou me? John 18:24 Now Annas had sent him bound unto Caiaphas the high priest.
to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were assembled. Mark 14:53 (b) to the high priest: and with him were assembled all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes. Luke 22:54 (b) and brought him into the high priest's house. John 18:14 Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.
Matthew 26:58 But Peter followed him afar off unto the high priest's palace, and went in, and sat with the servants, to see the end. Mark 14:54 And Peter followed him afar off, even into the palace of the high priest: and he sat with the servants, and warmed himself at the fire. And Peter followed afar off. John 18:15 And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and [so did] another disciple: that disciple was known unto the high priest, and went in with Jesus into the palace of the high priest.
Matthew 26:59 Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against Jesus, to put him to death; Mark 14:55 And the chief priests and all the council sought for witness against Jesus to put him to death;
Matthew 26:60 But found none: and found none.
yea, though many false witnesses came, [yet] found they none. Mark 14:56 For many bare false witness against him, but their witness agreed not together.
At the last came two false witnesses, Mark 14:57 And there arose certain, and bare false witness against him, saying,
Matthew 26:61 And said, This [fellow] said, I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to build it in three days. Mark 14:58 We heard him say, I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and within three days I will build another made without hands.

Mark 14:59 But neither so did their witness agree together.
Matthew 26:62 And the high priest arose, and said unto him, Answerest thou nothing? what [is it which] these witness against thee? Mark 14:60 And the high priest stood up in the midst, and asked Jesus, saying, Answerest thou nothing? what [is it which] these witness against thee?


Matthew 26:63 But Jesus held his peace. And the high priest answered and said unto him, I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ, the Son of God. Mark 14:61 But he held his peace, and answered nothing. Again the high priest asked him, and said unto him, Art thou the Christ, the Son of the Blessed? Luke 22:67 Art thou the Christ? tell us.


And he said unto them, If I tell you, ye will not believe:


Luke 22:68 And if I also ask [you], ye will not answer me, nor let [me] go.
Matthew 26:64 Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven. Mark 14:62 And Jesus said, I am: and ye shall see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven. Luke 22:69 Hereafter shall the Son of man sit on the right hand of the power of God. Luke 22:70 Then said they all, Art thou then the Son of God? And he said unto them, Ye say that I am.
Matthew 26:65 Then the high priest rent his clothes, saying, He hath spoken blasphemy; what further need have we of witnesses? behold, now ye have heard his blasphemy. Mark 14:63 Then the high priest rent his clothes, and saith, What need we any further witnesses? Luke 22:71 And they said, What need we any further witness? for we ourselves have heard of his own mouth.


Matthew 26:66 What think ye? They answered and said, He is guilty of death. Mark 14:64 Ye have heard the blasphemy: what think ye? And they all condemned him to be guilty of death.
Matthew 26:67 Then did they spit in his face, and buffeted him; and others smote [him] with the palms of their hands, Mark 14:65 And some began to spit on him, and to cover his face, and to buffet him, and to say unto him,
Matthew 26:68 Saying, Prophesy unto us, thou Christ, Who is he that smote thee? Prophesy: and the servants did strike him with the palms of their hands.
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Bibliographical Information
"Commentary on Luke 22". "The Gospels Compared". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tgc/luke-22.html. 2014.