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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Awake

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1: ἐγείρω

(Strong's #1453 — Verb — egeiro — eg-i'-ro )

is used, (a) in the Active Voice, of "arousing a person from sleep;" in Matthew 8:25 of the act of the disciples in awaking the Lord; in Acts 12:7 , of the awaking of Peter, RV, "awake him;" (b) in the Passive Voice, with a Middle significance, of the virgins, in "arousing themselves" from their slumber, Matthew 25:7; in Romans 13:11; Ephesians 5:14 , metaphorically, "of awaking from a state of moral sloth." See ARISE , LIFT , RAISE , REAR, RISE , STAND , TAKE.

2: διεγείρω

(Strong's #1326 — Verb — diegeiro — dee-eg-i'-ro )

is used of "awaking from natural sleep," Matthew 1:24; Mark 4:38; of the act of the disciples in "awaking" the Lord, Luke 8:24 (cp. egeiro, in Matthew 8:25 ); metaphorically, "of arousing the mind," 2 Peter 1:13; 3:1 . See ARISE , RAISE , STIR UP.

3: ἐκνήφω

(Strong's #1594 — Verb — eknepho — ek-nay'-fo )

primarily, "to return to one's sense from drunkenness to become sober," is so used in the Sept., e.g., Genesis 9:24; metaphorically, in Joel 1:5; Habakkuk 2:7; lit., in Habakkuk 2:19 , of the words of an idolater to an image; in the NT in 1 Corinthians 15:34 , "Awake up righteously and sin not" (RV), suggesting a return to soberness of mind from the stupor consequent upon the influence of evil doctrine.

4: ἐξυπνίζω

(Strong's #1852 — Verb — exupnizo — ex-oop-nid'-zo )

from ek, "out of," and hupnos, "sleep," "to rouse a person out of sleep," is used metaphorically, in John 11:11 .

5: διαγρηγορέω

(Strong's #1235 — Verb — diagregoreo — dee-ag-ray-gor-eh'-o )

dia, intensive, gregoreo, "to watch," is used in Luke 9:32 , RV, "were fully awake." AV "were awake".

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Awake'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/a/awake.html. 1940.

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