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Bible Dictionaries
Offer, Offering

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

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A — 1: προσφέρω

(Strong's #4374 — Verb — prosphero — pros-fer'-o )

primarily, "to bring to" (pros, "to," phero, "to bring"), also denotes "to offer," (a) of the sacrifice of Christ Himself, Hebrews 8:3; of Christ in virtue of his High Priesthood (RV, "this high priest;" AV, "this man"); Hebrews 9:14,25 (negative),28; 10:12; (b) of offerings under, or according to, the Law, e.g., Matthew 8:4; Mark 1:44; Acts 7:42; 21:26; Hebrews 5:1,3; 8:3; 9:7,9; 10:1,2,8,11; (c) of "offerings" previous to the Law, Hebrews 11:4,17 (of Isaac by Abraham); (d) of gifts "offered" to Christ, Matthew 2:11 , RV, "offered" (AV, "presented unto"); (e) of prayers "offered" by Christ, Hebrews 5:7; (f) of the vinegar "offered" to Him in mockery by the soldiers at the cross, Luke 23:36; (g) of the slaughter of disciples by persecutors, who think they are "offering" service to God, John 16:2 , RV (AV, "doeth"); (h) of money "offered" by Simon the sorcerer, Acts 8:18 . See BRING , A, No. 8, DEAL WITH, No. 2.

A — 2: ἀναφέρω

(Strong's #399 — Verb — anaphero — an-af-er'-o )

primarily, "to lead" or "carry up" (ana), also denotes "to offer," (a) of Christ sacrifice, Hebrews 7:27; (b) of sacrifices under the Law, Hebrews 7:27; (c) of such previous to the Law, James 2:21 (of Isaac by Abraham); (d) of praise, Hebrews 13:15; (e) of spiritual sacrifices in general, 1 Peter 2:5 . See BEAR , No. 3, BRING, A, No. 2.

A — 3: δίδωμι

(Strong's #1325 — Verb — didomi — did'-o-mee )

to give, is translated "to offer" in Luke 2;24; in Revelation 8:3 , AV, "offer" (RV, "add;" marg., "give"). See GIVE.

A — 4: παρέχω

(Strong's #3930 — Verb — parecho — par-ekh'-o )

"to furnish, offer, present, supply," is used in Luke 6:29 , of "offering" the other cheek to be smitten after receiving a similar insult; for the AV marg., in Acts 17:31 , see ASSURANCE , A, No. 1. See BRING , A, No. 21.

A — 5: σπένδω

(Strong's #4689 — Verb — spendo — spen'-do )

"to pour out as a drink offering, make a libation," is used figuratively in the Passive Voice in Philippians 2:17 , "offered" (RV marg., "poured out as a drink offering;" AV marg., "poured forth"). In 2 Timothy 4:6 , "I am already being offered," RV (marg., "poured out as a drink-offering"), the Apostle is referring to his approaching death, upon the sacrifice of his ministry. This use of the word is exemplified in the papyri writings.

Notes: (1) In Luke 11:12 , AV epididomi, "to give" (epi, "over," in the sense of "instead of," and No. 3), is translated "will he offer" (RV, and AV marg., "will he give"). (2) In Acts 7:41 , AV, anago, "to lead up" or "bring up," is rendered "offered" (RV, "brought"). (3) In Acts 15:29; 21:25; and 1 Corinthians 8:1,4,10; 10:19 , AV, eidolothutos, "sacrificed to idols," is translated "offered to idols" (thuo denotes "to sacrifice"). See SACRIFICE.

B — 1: προσφορά

(Strong's #4376 — Noun Feminine — prosphora — pros-for-ah' )

lit., "a bringing to" (akin to A, No. 1,), hence an "offering," in the NT a sacrificial "offering," (a) of Christ's sacrifice, Ephesians 5:2; Hebrews 10:10 (of His body); 10:14; negatively, of there being no repetition, Hebrews 10:18; (b) of "offerings" under, or according to, the Law, Acts 21:26; Hebrews 10:5,8; (c) of gifts in kind conveyed to needy Jews, Acts 24:17; (d) of the presentation of believers themselves (saved from among the Gentiles) to God, Romans 15:16 .

B — 2: ὁλοκαύτωμα

(Strong's #3646 — Noun Neuter — holokautoma — hol-ok-ow'-to-mah )

"a burnt offering:" See BURNT.

B — 3: ἀνάθημα

(Strong's #334 — Noun Neuter — anathema — an-ath'-ay-mah )

denotes "a gift set up in a temple, a votive offering" (ana, "up," tithemi, "to place"), Luke 21:5 , RV "offerings" (AV, "gifts") Cp. anathema (see CURSE).

Notes: (1) In Luke 21:4 , AV, the plural of doron, "a gift," is translated "offerings" (RV, "gifts"). (2) In Romans 8:3; Hebrews 13:11 , the RV, "as an offering" is added to complete the sacrificial meaning of peri.

Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Offer, Offering'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/​dictionaries/​eng/​ved/​o/offer-offering.html. 1940.
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