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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Reject

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A — 1: ἀποδοκιμάζω

(Strong's #593 — Verb — apodokimazo — ap-od-ok-ee-mad'-zo )

"to reject" as the result of examination and disapproval (apo, "away from," dokimazo, "to approve"), is used (a) of the "rejection" of Christ by the elders and chief priests of the Jews, Matthew 21:42; Mark 8:31; 12:10; Luke 9:22; 20:17; 1 Peter 2:4,7 (AV, "disallowed"); by the Jewish people, Luke 17:25; (b) of the "rejection" of Esau from inheriting "the blessing," Hebrews 12:17 . See DISALLOW. Cp. and contrast exoutheneo, Acts 4:11 . See DESPISE.

A — 2: ἀθετέω

(Strong's #114 — Verb — atheteo — ath-et-eh'-o )

properly, "to do away" with what has been laid down, to make atheton (i.e., "without place," a, negative, tithemi, "to place"), hence, besides its meanings "to set aside, make void, nullify, disannul," signifies "to reject;" in Mark 6:26 , regarding Herod's pledge to Salome, it almost certainly has the meaning "to break faith with" (cp. the Sept. of Jeremiah 12:6 , and Lamentations 1:2 , "dealt treacherously"). Moulton and Milligan illustrate this meaning from the papyri. Field suggests "disappoint." In Mark 7:9 "ye reject (the commandment)" means "ye set aside;" in Luke 7:30 , "ye reject" may have the meaning of "nullifying or making void the counsel of God;" in Luke 10:16 (four times), "rejecteth," RV (AV, "despiseth"); "rejecteth" in John 12:48; "reject" in 1 Corinthians 1:19 (AV, "bring to nothing"); 1 Thessalonians 4:8 , "to despise," where the reference is to the charges in ver. 2; in 1 Timothy 5:12 RV, "have rejected" (AV, "have cast off"). See DESPISE , Notes (1), DISANNUL , No. 1.

A — 3: ἐκπτύω

(Strong's #1609 — Verb — ekptuo — ek-ptoo'-o )

"to spit out" (ek, "out," and ptuo, "to spit"), i.e., "to abominate, loathe," is used in Galatians 4:14 , "rejected" (marg., "spat out"), where the sentence is elliptical: "although my disease repelled you, you did not refuse to hear my message."

A — 4: παραιτέομαι

(Strong's #3868 — Verb — paraiteomai — par-ahee-teh'-om-ahee )

besides the meanings "to beg from another," Mark 15:6 (in the best texts); "to entreat that ... not," Hebrews 12:19; "to beg off, ask to be excused," Luke 14:18,19; 12:25 (see REFUSE , No. 2), is translated to reject in Titus 3:10 , AV. See EXCUSE , INTREAT , REFUSE.

B — 1: ἀδόκιμος

(Strong's #96 — Adjective — adokimos — ad-ok'-ee-mos )

"not standing the test" (see CAST , C), is translated "rejected" in 1 Corinthians 9:27 , RV; Hebrews 6:8 , AV and RV. See REPROBATE.

B — 2: ἀπόβλητος

(Strong's #579 — Adjective — apobletos — ap-ob'-lay-tos )

lit., "cast away" (apo, "from," ballo, "to throw"), occurs in 1 Timothy 4:4 , RV, "rejected" (AV, "refused"). See REFUSE.

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These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Reject'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/r/reject.html. 1940.

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