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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Shake

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1: σαλεύω

(Strong's #4531 — Verb — saleuo — sal-yoo'-o )

"to agitate shake," primarily of the action of stormy winds, waves, etc., is used (a) literally, of a reed, Matthew 11:7; Luke 7:24; a vessel, "shaken" in filling, Luke 6:38; a building, Luke 6:48; Acts 4:31; 16:26; the natural forces of the heavens and heavenly bodies, Matthew 24:29; Mark 13:25; Luke 21:26; the earth, Hebrews 12:26 , "shook;" (b) metaphorically, (1) of "shaking" so as to make insecure, Hebrews 12:27 (twice); (2) of casting down from a sense of security, Acts 2:25 , "I should (not) be moved;" (3) to stir up (a crowd), Acts 17:13; (4) to unsettle, 2 Thessalonians 2:2 , "(to the end that) ye be not (quickly) shaken (from your mind)," i.e., from their settled conviction and the purpose of heart begotten by it, as to the return of Christ before the Day of the Lord begins; the metaphor may be taken from the loosening of a ship from its moorings by a storm. See MOVE , STIR.

2: σείω

(Strong's #4579 — Verb — seio — si'-o )

"to shake to and fro," is rendered "to shake" in Matthew 28:4 , AV; Hebrews 12:26 , AV; Revelation 6:13 , AV and RV; see MOVE , No. 3.

3: ἀποτινάσσω

(Strong's #660 — Verb — apotinasso — ap-ot-in-as'-so )

"to shake off" (apo, "from," tinasso, "to shake"), is used in Luke 9:5 , of dust from the feet; Acts 28:5 , of a viper from the hand. In the Sept., Judges 16:20; 1 Samuel 10:2; Lamentations 2:7 .

4: ἐκτινάσσω

(Strong's #1621 — Verb — ektinasso — ek-tin-as'-so )

"to shake out," is used of "shaking off" the dust from the feet, Matthew 10:14; Mark 6:11; Acts 13:51; of "shaking out" one's raiment, Acts 18:6 .

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Shake'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/s/shake.html. 1940.

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