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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Drink

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(the verb is expressed in Hebrews by the cognate terms שָׁקָה, shakah', and

שָׁתָה, shathah'; Greek πίνω ). The drinks of the Hebrews were:

1. Water (q.v.);

2. Wine (q.v.);

3. Artificial liquor (שֵׁכָר, σίκερα, "strong drink" (See SHEKAR);

4. Vinegar (q.v.).

As drinking utensils, they made use of various forms of vessels:

1, the cup (q.v.), the most general term (כּוֹס );

2, the goblet (כַּפּוֹר, covered tankard) or "basin" (q.v.), from which the fluid was poured into the chalice (גָּבַיע, bumper, comp. Jeremiah 35:5) and bowl (מִזְרָק, mixing-cup, cratera);

3, the mug (צִפִּחִת, "cruse") or pitcher; and,

4, the saucer (קִשְׂוָה קָשָׂה, patera) or shallow libation dish (q.v.) Horns were probably used in the earliest times. (See beverage.html">BEVERAGE).

The term "drink" is frequently used figuratively in the Scriptures (see Thomson, Land and Book, 1:496). The wise man exhorts his disciple (Proverbs 5:15) to "drink water out of his own cistern;" to content himself with the lawful pleasures of marriage, without wandering in his affections. To eat and drink is used in Ecclesiastes 5:18, to signify people's enjoying themselves; and in the Gospel for living in a common and ordinary manner (Matthew 11:18). The apostles say they ate and drank with Christ after his resurrection; that is, they conversed, and lived in their usual manner, freely, with him (Acts 10:41). Jeremiah (Jeremiah 2:18) reproaches the Jews with having had recourse to Egypt for muddy water to drink, and to Assyria, to drink the water of their river; that is, the water of the Nile and of the Euphrates; meaning, soliciting the assistance of those people. To drink blood signifies to be satiated with slaughter (Ezekiel 39:18). Our Lord commands us to drink his blood and to eat his flesh (John 6): we eat and drink both figuratively in the Eucharist. To drink water by measure (Ezekiel 4:11), and to buy water to drink (Lamentations 5:4), denote extreme scarcity and desolation. On fast- days the Jews abstained from drinking during the whole day, believing it to be equally of the essence of a fast to suffer thirst as to suffer hunger. (See FAST).

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Drink'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tce/d/drink.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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