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Historical Writings

Ussher's "The Annals of the World"

The First Age: 4004 BC - 2349 BC

1 AM, 710 JP, 4004 BC
  1. In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. (Genesis 1:1) This beginning of time, according to our chronology, happened at the start of the evening preceding the 23day of October in the year of the Julian calendar, 710.
  2. On the first day (Genesis 1:1-5) of the world, on Sunday, October 23rd, God created the highest heaven and the angels. When he finished, as it were, the roof of this building, he started with the foundation of this wonderful fabric of the world. He fashioned this lower most globe, consisting of the deep and of the earth. Therefore all the choir of angels sang together and magnified his name. (Job 38:7) When the earth was without form and void and darkness covered the face of the deep, God created light on the very middle of the first day. God divided this from the darkness and called the one "day" and the other "night".
  3. On the second day (Genesis 1:6-8) [Monday, October 24th] after the firmament or heaven was finished, the waters above were separated from the waters here below enclosing the earth.
  4. On the third day (Genesis 1:9-13) [Tuesday, October 25th] when these waters below ran together into one place, the dry land appeared. From this collection of the waters God made a sea, sending out from here the rivers, which were to return there again. (Ecclesiastes 1:7) He caused the earth to bud and bring forth all kinds of herbs and plants with seeds and fruits. Most importantly, he enriched the garden of Eden with plants, for among them grew the tree of life and the tree of knowledge of good and evil. (Genesis 2:8,9)
  5. On the fourth day [Wednesday, October 26th] the sun, the moon and the rest of the stars were created.
  6. On the fifth day [Thursday, October 27th] fish and flying birds were created and commanded to multiply and fill the sea and the earth.
  7. On the sixth day [Friday, October 28th] the living creatures of the earth were created as well as the creeping creatures. Last of all, man was created after the image of God, which consisted principally in the divine knowledge of the mind, (Colossians 3:10) in the natural and proper sanctity of his will. (Ephesians 4:24) When all living creatures by the divine power were brought before him, Adam gave them their names. Among all of these, he found no one to help him like himself. Lest he should be destitute of a suitable companion, God took a rib out of his side while he slept and fashioned it into a woman. He gave her to him for a wife, establishing by it the law of marriage between them. He blessed them and bade them to be fruitful and multiply. God gave them dominion over all living creatures. God provided a large portion of food and sustenance for them to live on. To conclude, because sin had not yet entered into the world, God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day. (Genesis 1:31)
  8. Now on the seventh day, [Saturday, October 29th] when God had finished his work which he intended, he then rested from all labour. He blessed the seventh day and ordained and consecrated the sabbath (Genesis 2:2,3) because he rested on it (Exodus 31:17) and refreshed himself. Nor as yet [for ought appears] had sin entered into the world. Nor was there any punishment given by God, either upon mankind, or upon angels. Hence is was, that this day was set forth for a sign, as well as for our sanctification in this world (Exodus 31:13) of that eternal sabbath, to be enjoyed in the world to come. In it we expect a full deliverance from sin and its dregs and all its punishments. (Hebrews 4:4,9,10)
  9. After the first week of the world ended, it seems that God brought the newly married couple into the garden of Eden. He charged them not to eat of the tree of knowledge of good and evil but left them free to eat of everything else.
  10. The Devil envied God's honour and man's obedience. He tempted the woman to sin by the serpent. By this he got the name and title of the old serpent. (Revelation 12:9; Revelation 20:2) The woman was beguiled by the serpent and the man seduced by the woman. They broke the command of God concerning the forbidden fruit. Accordingly when sought for by God and convicted of this crime, each had their punishments imposed on them. This promise was also given that the seed of the woman should one day break the serpent's head. Christ, in the fulness of time should undo the works of the Devil. (1 John 3:8; Romans 16:20) Adam first called her Eve because she was then ordained to be the mother, not only of all that should live this natural life, but, of those also who should live by faith in her seed. This was the promised Messiah as Sarah also later was called the mother of the faithful. (1 Peter 3:6; Galatians 4:31).
  11. After this our first parents were clothed by God with raiment of skins. They were expelled from Eden and a fiery flaming sword set to keep the way leading to the tree of life so that they should never eat of that fruit which they had not yet touched. (Genesis 3:21,22) It is very probable, that Adam was turned out of paradise the same day that he was brought into it. This seems to have been on the 10th day of the world. [November 1st] On this day also, in remembrance of so remarkable an event the day of atonement was appointed (Leviticus 23:27), and the yearly fast, spoken of by Paul, (Acts 27:9) termed more especially by the name of nhsteian. On this feast all, strangers as well as native Israelites, were commanded to afflict their souls that every soul which should not afflict itself upon that day should be destroyed from among his people, (Leviticus 16:29; Leviticus 23:29)
  12. After the fall of Adam, Cain was the first of all mortal men that was born of a woman. (Genesis 4:1)
130 AM, 840 JP, 3874 BC
  1. When Cain, the firstborn of all mankind, murdered Abel, God gave Eve another son called Seth. (Genesis 4:25) Adam had now lived 130 years. (Genesis 5:3) From whence it is gathered, that between the death of Abel and the birth of Seth, there was no other son born to Eve. For then, he should have been recorded to have been given her instead of him. Since man had been on the earth 128 years and Adam and Eve had other sons and daughters (Genesis 5:4) the number of people on the earth at the time of this murder could have been as many as 500,000. Cain might justly fear, through the conscience of his crime, that every man that met him would also slay him. (Genesis 4:14,15)
235 AM, 945 JP, 3769 BC
  1. When Seth was 105 years old, he had his son, Enos. This indicates the lamentable condition of all mankind. For even then was the worship of God wretchedly corrupted by the race of Cain. Hence it came, that men were even then so distinguished, that they who persisted in the true worship of God, were known by the name of the children of God. They who forsook him, were termed the children of men. (Genesis 4:26; Genesis 6:1,2)
325 AM, 1035 JP, 3679 BC
  1. Cainan, the son of Enos was born when his father was 90 years old. (Genesis 5:10)
395 AM, 1105 JP, 3609 BC
  1. Mahalaleel was born when Cainan his father was 70 years old. (Genesis 5:12)
460 AM, 1170 JP, 3544 BC
  1. Jared was born when his father Mahalaleel was 65 years old. (Genesis 5:15)
622 AM, 1332 JP, 3382 BC
  1. Enoch was born when his father Jared was 162 years old. (Genesis 5:18)
687 AM, 1397 JP, 3317 BC
  1. Methuselah was born when Enoch his father was 65 years old. (Genesis 5:25)
874 AM, 1584 JP, 3130 BC
  1. Lamech was born when his father Methuselah was 187 years old. (Genesis 5:25)
930 AM, 1640 JP, 3074 BC
  1. Adam, the first father of all mankind, died at the age of 930 years. (Genesis 5:5)
987 AM, 1697 JP, 3017 BC
  1. Enoch, the 7th from Adam at the age of 365 years, was translated by God in an instant, while he was walking with him that he should not see death. (Genesis 5:23,24) Heb 11:5
1042 AM, 1752 JP, 2962 BC
  1. Seth, the son of Adam died when he was 912 years old. (Genesis 5:8)
1056 AM, 1766 JP, 2948 BC
  1. Noah, the 10th from Adam, was born when his father Lamech was 182 years old. (Genesis 5:29)
1140 AM, 1850 JP, 2864 BC
  1. Enos, the 3from Adam, died when he was 905 years old. (Genesis 5:11)
1235 AM, 1945 JP, 2769 BC
  1. Cainan, the 4th from Adam, died when he was 910 years old. (Genesis 5:14)
1290 AM, 2000 JP, 2714 BC
  1. Mahalaleel, the 5th from Adam, died when he was 892 years old. (Genesis 5:17)
1422 AM, 2132 JP, 2582 BC
  1. Jared, the 6th from Adam, died when he was 962 years old. (Genesis 5:20)
1536 AM, 2245 JP, 2469 BC
  1. Before the deluge of waters upon the whole wicked world, God sent Noah, a preacher of righteousness to them, giving them 120 years to repent of their evil ways. (1 Peter 3:20; 2 Peter 2:5; Genesis 6:3)
1556 AM, 2266 JP, 2448 BC
  1. Noah was 500 years old when his 1son, Japheth was born. (Genesis 5:32; Genesis 10:21)
1558 AM, 2268 JP, 2446 BC
  1. Noah's 2son, Shem, was born 2 years later because 2 years after the flood, Shem was 100 years old. (Genesis 11:10)
1651 AM, 2361 JP, 2353 BC
  1. Lamech, the 9th from Adam, died when he was 777 years old. (Genesis 5:31)
1656 AM, 2365 JP, 2349 BC
  1. Methuselah, the 8th from Adam, died when he was 969 years old. He lived the longest of all men yet died before his father. (Genesis 5:27,24)
  2. Now in the 10th day of the second month of this year [Sunday, November 30th] God commanded Noah that in that week he should prepare to enter into the Ark. Meanwhile the world, totally devoid of all fear, sat eating and drinking and marrying and giving in marriage. (Genesis 7:1,4,10; Matthew 24:38)
  3. In the 600th year of the life of Noah, on the 17th day of the second month, [Sunday, December 7th], he with his children and living creatures of all kinds had entered into the Ark. God sent a rain on the earth 40 days and 40 nights. The waters continued upon the earth 150 days, (Genesis 7:4,6,11-13,17,24).
  4. The waters abated until the 17th day of the 7th month, [Wednesday, May 6th] when the ark came to rest upon one of the mountains of Ararat. (Genesis 8:3,4)
  5. The waters continued receding until on the 1st day of the 10th month [Sunday, July 19th] the tops of the mountains were seen. (Genesis 8:5)
  6. After 40 days, that is on the 11th day of the 11th month [Friday, August 28th] Noah opened the window of the ark and sent forth a raven. (Genesis 8:6,7)
  7. 7 days later, on the 18th day of the 11th month [Friday, September 4th] as may be deduced from the other 7 days mentioned in (Genesis 8:10), Noah sent out a dove. She returned after 7 days. 25th day of the 11th month, [Friday, September 11th] He sent her out again and about the evening she returned bringing the leaf of an olive tree in her bill. After waiting 7 days more, 2nd day of the 12th month, [Friday, September 18th] he sent the same dove out again, which never returned. (Genesis 8:8,12)