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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2507 - καθαιρέω

Transliteration
kathairéō
Phonetics
kath-ahee-reh'-o  
Word Origin
from (2596) and (138) (including its alternate)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
3:411,380
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to take down
    1. without the notion of violence: to detach from the cross, one crucified
    2. with the use of force: to throw down, cast down
  2. to pull down, demolish
    1. the subtle reasonings (of opponents) likened to a fortress, i.e. to refute, to destroy
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1792 ‑ דָּכָא (daw‑kaw');  2040 ‑ הָרַס (haw‑ras');  3381 ‑ יָרַד (yaw‑rad');  3772 ‑ כָּרַת (kaw‑rath');  5256 ‑ נְסַח (nes‑akh');  5327 ‑ נָצָה (naw‑tsaw');  5422 ‑ נָתַץ (naw‑thats');  5428 ‑ נָתַשׁ (naw‑thash');  5493 ‑ שׂוּר (soor, soor);  6555 ‑ פָּרַץ (paw‑rats');  7300 ‑ רוּד (rood);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (9) NAS (9) HCS (9)
Mark 2
Luke 3
Acts 3
2 Corinthians 1
Mark 2
Luke 3
Acts 3
2 Corinthians 1
Mark 2
Luke 3
Acts 3
2 Corinthians 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-2AAI-3S 1
V-2AAN 1
V-2AAP-NPM 1
V-2AAP-NSM 3
V-2FAI-1S 1
V-PAP-NPM 1
V-PPN 1
V-2AAN 1
V-2AAP-NPM 1
V-2AAP-NSM 3
V-FAI-1S 1
V-PAP-NPM 1
V-PPN 1
V-2AAI-3S 1
V-2AAN 1
V-2AAP-NPM 1
V-2AAP-NSM 3
V-2FAI-1S 1
V-PAP-NPM 1
V-PPN 1
NA WH
V-2AAI-3S 1
V-2AAN 1
V-2AAP-NPM 1
V-2AAP-NSM 3
V-2FAI-1S 1
V-PAP-NPM 1
V-PPN 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

καθαιρ-έω,

Ion. κατ-, Aeol. κατάγρημι, q.v.: fut. -ήσω Il. 11.453, etc.: fut. 2 καθελῶ APl. 4.334 (Antiphil.): aor.2 καθεῖλον, inf. καθελεῖν: aor. 1 καθεῖλα LXX 3 Ki. 19.14: Ion. pf. part. Pass. καταραιρημένος Hdt. 2.172:

I

1. take down, καθείλομεν ἱστία Od. 9.149; κὰδ δ' ἀπὸ πασσαλόφι ζυγὸν ᾕρεον Il. 24.268; κ. ἄχθος take it down, i.e. off one's shoulders, Ar. Ra. 10; κ. τὸ σημεῖον And. 1.36; κ. τῶν ἐκ τῆς στοᾶς ὅπλων some of them, X. HG 5.4.8; κ. εἰκόνα ἐξ ἀκροπόλεως Lycurg. 117; κ. τινά, from the cross, Plb. 1.86.6, Ph. 2.529: Med., κατελέσθαι τὰ τόξα take down one's bow, Hdt. 3.78; τοὺς ἱστούς Plb. 1.61.1.

2. put down, close the eyes of the dead, ὄσσε καθαιρήσουσι θανόντι περ Il. 11.453; ὀφθαλμοὺς καθελοῦσα Od. 24.296; χερσὶ κατ' ὀφθαλμοὺς ἑλέειν 11.426.

3. of sorcerers, bring down from the sky, σελήνην Ar. Nu. 750, Pl. Grg. 513a.

4. κατά με πέδον γᾶς ἕλοι may earth swallow me! E. Supp. 829 (lyr.).

II

1. put down by force, destroy, ὅτε κέν μιν μοῖρ' ὀλοὴ καθέλῃσι Od. 2.100, 19.145, cf. 3.238, etc.; μὴ καθέλοι μιν αἰών Pi. O. 9.60; φῶτ' ἄδικον καθαιρεῖ A. Ag. 398 (lyr.); μοῖρα τὸν φύσαντα καθεῖλε S. Aj. 517, cf. E. El. 878 (lyr.), etc.; kill, slay, ταῦρον ib. 1143, cf. Stesich. 23, S. Tr. 1063, Fr. 205; ἐάν τις ἀποκτείνῃ.. ἐν ὁδῷ καθελών Lexap. D. 23.53: Pass., of criminals, to be executed, Plu. Them. 22.

2. put down, reduce, κ. Κῦρον καὶ τὴν Περσέων δύναμιν Hdt. 1.71, etc.; καθαιρεθῆναι, opp. ἀρθῆναι, D. 2.8; esp. depose, dethrone, Hdt. 1.124, etc.; κ. τὸ λῃστικὸν ἐκ τῆς θαλάσσης remove it utterly from.., Th. 1.4, cf. POxy. 1408.23 (iii A.D.); κ. ὕβριν τινός Hdt. 9.27, LXX Zechariah 9:6; ὄλβον S. Fr. 646.4; ὑπερηφάνους Aristeas 263: Pass., καθῃρημένος τὴν αἴσθησιν bereft of sense, Plu. Per. 38; καθαιρεῖσθαι τῆς μεγαλειότητος [Ἀρτέμιδος ] Acts 19:27.

3. raze to the ground, demolish, πόλεις Th. 1.58, al., LXX Isaiah 14:17; τείχη Pl. Mx. 244c; τῶν τειχῶν a part of the walls, X. HG 4.4.13: Pass., Th. 5.39, etc.; καθῃρέθη.. Οἰχαλία δορί S. Tr. 478.

4. cancel, rescind, τὸ Μεγαρέων ψήφισμα Th. 1.140, cf. 139, Plu. Per. 29; ἔργον κ. λόγῳ Philem. 140.

5. as law-term, condemn, ἡ καθαιροῦσα ψῆφος a verdict of guilty, Lys. 13.37: c. inf., ἐμὲ πάλος καθαιρεῖ.. λαβεῖν S. Ant. 275; so prob. κατά με.. Ἀΐδας ἕλοι πατρὶ ξυνθανεῖν Id. OC 1689 (lyr.), cf. E. Or. 862; simply, decide, ὅ τι ἂν αἱ πλείους ψῆφοι καθαιρῶσι D.H. 7.36, 39; in book-keeping, ἃν καθαιρῶσιν αἱ ψῆφοι whatever the counters (or accounts) prove, prob. in D. 18.227.

6. reduce, τῶν αὐξανομένων καὶ καθαιρουμένων γραμμῶν Arist. Ph. 237b9; τοῦ ἀποστήματος πεφυκότος ἐπὶ πολὺ καθαιρεῖν τὰ μεγέθη Phld. Sign. 9; of mild caustics, τὰ ὑπερσαρκέοντα καθαιρεῖ (prob. for καθαίρει) Hp. Ulc. 14, cf. Gal. 11.756; τὸ σῶμα κ. διαίταις Plu. Ant. 53: Rhet., minimize, Arist. Rh. 1376a34.

III overpower, seize, κὰδ δέ μιν ὕπνος ᾕρει Od. 9.372; κ. τινά overtake, X. Cyr. 4.3.16; κ. τινὰ ἐν ἀφροσύνῃ catch in the act of folly, S. Ant. 383 (anap.): c. gen. partis, κ. τῶν ὤτων seize by.., Theoc. 5.133: Pass., κ. ὑπό τινος Hdt. 6.29. fetch down as a reward or prize, καθαιρεῖν ἀγῶνας Plu. Pomp. 8: metaph., achieve, ἀγώνιον.. εὖχος ἔργῳ καθελών Pi. O. 10(11).63: fut. inf. καθαρεῖν, παστόν, μίτραν, Epigr. in Berl.Sitzb. 1894.908 (Asia Minor): Med., φόνῳ καθαιρεῖσθ', οὐ λόγῳ, τὰ πράγματα E. Supp. 749: Pass., Hdt. 7.50. less freq. like the simple αἱρεῖν, take and carry off, Id. 6.41, cf. 5.36 (Pass.). Cf. καθαίρω.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

καθαιρέω, καθαίρω; future καθελῶ (Luke 12:18 (see ἀφαιρέω, at the beginning)); 2 aorist καθεῖλον (from the obsolete έ῾λω); present passive καθαιροῦμαι; from Homer down; the Sept. for הורִיד, to cause to go down; הָרַס, נָתַץ, פָּרַץ;

1. to take down: without the notion of violence, τινα, to detach from the cross one crucified, Mark 15:36, 46; Luke 23:53 (Polybius 1, 86, 6; Philo in Flacc. § 10); τινα ἀπό τοῦ ξύλου, Acts 13:23 (the Sept. Joshua 8:29; Joshua 10:27); with the use of force, to throw down, cast down: τινα ἀπό θρόνου, Luke 1:52.

2. to pull down, demolish: τάς ἀποθήκας, opposed to οἰκοδομεῖν, Luke 12:18; λογισμούς, the (subtle) reasonings (of opponents) likened to fortresses, equivalent to to refute, 2 Corinthians 10:4 (5); to destroy, ἔθνη, Acts 13:19 (Jeremiah 24:6; Thucydides 1, 4; Aelian v. h. 2, 25); τήν μεγαλειότητα τίνος, Acts 19:27, where if preference is given (with L T Tr WH) to the reading τῆς μεγαλειότητος αὐτῆς, it must be taken as a partitive genitive somewhat of her magnificence; cf. Buttmann, 158 (138) note (so Meyer; cf. Xenophon, Hell. 4, 4, 13. Al. translate that she should even be deposed from her magnificence; cf. Winers Grammar, § 30, 6; Buttmann, § 132, 5).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

καθ -αιρέω , - ,

[in LXX for H5422, H6555, H3381, etc.;]

1. to take down: c. acc pers. (the technical term for removal after crucifixion, Field, Notes, 44), Mark 15:36; Mark 15:46, Luke 23:53, Acts 13:29.

2. to put down by force, pull down, destroy: ἀποθήκας , Luke 12:18 (opp. to οἰκοδομεῖν ); δυνάστας , Luke 1:52; ἔθνη , Acts 13:19; pass., Acts 19:27 (diminished, Field, Notes, 129 f.); fig., to refute: λογισμούς , 2 Corinthians 10:5.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

καθαιρέω is used apparently in the full sense of ";pull down,"; ";demolish,"; in P Petr I. 26.6 (B.C. 241) καθειρηκότος τὰς στέγα ̣ς, and id. III. 46(l).15 χρεμάτισον Διονυσίωι Ἀπολλωνίου τ ̣[ ]ι ̣ ἐξειληφότει (corr. –ότι) τὴν βασιλεικὴν (corr. –ικὴν) κατάλυσιν προυπαρχοῦσαν ἐν Πτολεμαίδει (corr. –ίδι) καθελεῖν διὰ τὸ πεπονηκέναι, ";pay Dionysios, son of Apollonios, who has contracted to take down the Royal quarters previously existing at Ptolemais, owing to their dilapidation"; (Edd.). A somewhat weaker meaning is found in P Amh II. 54.3 (B.C. 112) οἶκος καθει ̣ρη ̣μένος ἧς οἱ τῦχοι (l. οἴκου καθῃρημένου οὗ οἱ τοῖχοι) περίεισιν καὶ εἴσοδος καὶ ἔξοδος, ";a dismantled house of which the walls are standing and the entrance and the exit"; : cf. P Tor I. 1ii. 1 (B.C. 117), P Leid M.15 (ii/B.C.). See Field Notes, p. 129, on the translation of Acts 19:27, and cf. further Aristeas 263 ὁ θεὸς τοὺς ὑπερηφάνους καθαιρεῖ, τοὺς δὲ ἐπιεικεῖς καὶ ταπεινοὺς ὑψοῖ. In P Oxy XII. 1408.23 (c. A.D. 210–4) [τὸ ? τοὺς λῃστὰς κα ]θαι [ρ ]εῖν χωρὶς τῶν ὑποδεχομένων μὴ δύνασθαι πασιφανερόν, the editors render ";that it is impossible to exterminate robbers apart from those who shelter them is evident to all.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
καθαιρεθή καθαιρεθήσεται καθαιρεθήσονται καθαιρεθώσι καθαιρείν καθαιρεισθαι καθαιρείσθαι καθαιρεῖσθαι καθαιρείτέ καθαιρούντα καθαιρουντες καθαιρούντες καθαιροῦντες καθαίρω καθείλαν καθείλε καθειλεν καθείλεν καθεῖλεν καθείλες καθείλον καθείλοσαν καθελεί καθελειν καθελείν καθελεῖν καθελείς καθέλεις καθελείτε καθέλης καθέλοι καθελοντες καθελόντες καθελούσι καθελούσιν καθελω καθελώ καθελῶ καθελων καθελών καθελὼν καθηρέθη καθηρέθης καθηρημένα καθηρημένας καθηρημένους καθηρημένων kathaireisthai kathaireîsthai kathairountes kathairoûntes katheilen katheîlen kathelein katheleîn kathelo kathelô kathelō kathelō̂ kathelon kathelōn kathelṑn kathelontes kathelóntes
Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, September 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
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